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authorHouge Langley2021-01-31 16:31:18 +0800
committerHouge Langley2021-01-31 16:31:18 +0800
commit378e1fd5166ea13984990ac7fdcecef612650416 (patch)
tree1684fca4f766ad0b268ec0e5c3d16d8011c3a89d
downloadaur-378e1fd5166ea13984990ac7fdcecef612650416.tar.gz
Upload Xanmod Cacule for manjaro with UKSM patch
-rw-r--r--.SRCINFO55
-rw-r--r--0002-UKSM.patch6971
-rw-r--r--PKGBUILD386
-rwxr-xr-xchoose-gcc-optimization.sh118
4 files changed, 7530 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/.SRCINFO b/.SRCINFO
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..60799ab8790
--- /dev/null
+++ b/.SRCINFO
@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@
+pkgbase = linux-manjaro-xanmod-cacule-uksm
+ pkgdesc = Linux Xanmod
+ pkgver = 5.10.12
+ pkgrel = 1
+ url = http://www.xanmod.org/
+ arch = x86_64
+ license = GPL2
+ makedepends = xmlto
+ makedepends = kmod
+ makedepends = inetutils
+ makedepends = bc
+ makedepends = libelf
+ makedepends = cpio
+ makedepends = python-sphinx
+ makedepends = python-sphinx_rtd_theme
+ makedepends = graphviz
+ makedepends = imagemagick
+ makedepends = git
+ options = !strip
+ source = https://cdn.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v5.x/linux-5.10.tar.xz
+ source = https://cdn.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v5.x/linux-5.10.tar.sign
+ source = https://github.com/xanmod/linux/releases/download/5.10.12-xanmod1/patch-5.10.12-xanmod1.xz
+ source = choose-gcc-optimization.sh
+ source = https://gitlab.manjaro.org/packages/core/linux510/-/archive/ae37d87afcd44734e7cfa197d4af1a1b521d1d56/linux510-ae37d87afcd44734e7cfa197d4af1a1b521d1d56.tar.gz
+ source = 0002-UKSM.patch
+ validpgpkeys = ABAF11C65A2970B130ABE3C479BE3E4300411886
+ validpgpkeys = 647F28654894E3BD457199BE38DBBDC86092693E
+ sha256sums = dcdf99e43e98330d925016985bfbc7b83c66d367b714b2de0cbbfcbf83d8ca43
+ sha256sums = cb36d0d05523e1154f84c060081481f799253da06edb127a2630e539c6974f12
+ sha256sums = 9335f23561cc7796609783418659c1402fc67008a3f0ea39d822f742aec0731b
+ sha256sums = 2c7369218e81dee86f8ac15bda741b9bb34fa9cefcb087760242277a8207d511
+ sha256sums = 01e2d9fd016aa8764ffcd6dac68eade90a2fe2b5b807e6064eea4f9f48b95532
+ sha256sums = 9f7931fe587cfbc918aabbf3a1211a7179c8b2b300a1fc38c22920df4ed7dc2a
+
+pkgname = linux-manjaro-xanmod-cacule-uksm
+ pkgdesc = The Linux kernel and modules with Xanmod and Manjaro patches (Bootsplash support). Ashmem and binder are enabled
+ depends = coreutils
+ depends = linux-firmware
+ depends = kmod
+ depends = initramfs
+ depends = mkinitcpio>=27
+ optdepends = crda: to set the correct wireless channels of your country
+ optdepends = linux-firmware: firmware images needed for some devices
+ optdepends = bootsplash-systemd: for bootsplash functionality
+ provides = VIRTUALBOX-GUEST-MODULES
+ provides = WIREGUARD-MODULE
+ conflicts =
+ replaces =
+
+pkgname = linux-manjaro-xanmod-cacule-uksm-headers
+ pkgdesc = Header files and scripts for building modules for linux-manjaro-xanmod kernel
+ provides =
+ conflicts =
+ replaces =
+
diff --git a/0002-UKSM.patch b/0002-UKSM.patch
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..dfadb980760
--- /dev/null
+++ b/0002-UKSM.patch
@@ -0,0 +1,6971 @@
+From 7d21ce8f371b7bc46c2e23cbca1c85aed6450141 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
+From: Piotr Gorski <lucjan.lucjanov@gmail.com>
+Date: Sun, 6 Dec 2020 23:49:33 +0100
+Subject: [PATCH] UKSM for 5.10
+
+Signed-off-by: Piotr Gorski <lucjan.lucjanov@gmail.com>
+---
+ Documentation/vm/uksm.txt | 61 +
+ fs/exec.c | 1 +
+ fs/proc/meminfo.c | 5 +-
+ include/linux/ksm.h | 43 +-
+ include/linux/mm_types.h | 3 +
+ include/linux/mmzone.h | 3 +
+ include/linux/pgtable.h | 17 +-
+ include/linux/sradix-tree.h | 77 +
+ include/linux/uksm.h | 149 +
+ kernel/fork.c | 2 +-
+ lib/Makefile | 2 +-
+ lib/sradix-tree.c | 476 +++
+ mm/Kconfig | 26 +
+ mm/Makefile | 3 +-
+ mm/ksm.c | 11 -
+ mm/memory.c | 33 +-
+ mm/mmap.c | 37 +
+ mm/uksm.c | 5614 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+ mm/vmstat.c | 3 +
+ 19 files changed, 6539 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
+ create mode 100644 Documentation/vm/uksm.txt
+ create mode 100644 include/linux/sradix-tree.h
+ create mode 100644 include/linux/uksm.h
+ create mode 100644 lib/sradix-tree.c
+ create mode 100644 mm/uksm.c
+
+diff --git a/Documentation/vm/uksm.txt b/Documentation/vm/uksm.txt
+new file mode 100644
+index 0000000..be19a31
+--- /dev/null
++++ b/Documentation/vm/uksm.txt
+@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
++The Ultra Kernel Samepage Merging feature
++----------------------------------------------
++/*
++ * Ultra KSM. Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Nai Xia
++ *
++ * This is an improvement upon KSM. Some basic data structures and routines
++ * are borrowed from ksm.c .
++ *
++ * Its new features:
++ * 1. Full system scan:
++ * It automatically scans all user processes' anonymous VMAs. Kernel-user
++ * interaction to submit a memory area to KSM is no longer needed.
++ *
++ * 2. Rich area detection:
++ * It automatically detects rich areas containing abundant duplicated
++ * pages based. Rich areas are given a full scan speed. Poor areas are
++ * sampled at a reasonable speed with very low CPU consumption.
++ *
++ * 3. Ultra Per-page scan speed improvement:
++ * A new hash algorithm is proposed. As a result, on a machine with
++ * Core(TM)2 Quad Q9300 CPU in 32-bit mode and 800MHZ DDR2 main memory, it
++ * can scan memory areas that does not contain duplicated pages at speed of
++ * 627MB/sec ~ 2445MB/sec and can merge duplicated areas at speed of
++ * 477MB/sec ~ 923MB/sec.
++ *
++ * 4. Thrashing area avoidance:
++ * Thrashing area(an VMA that has frequent Ksm page break-out) can be
++ * filtered out. My benchmark shows it's more efficient than KSM's per-page
++ * hash value based volatile page detection.
++ *
++ *
++ * 5. Misc changes upon KSM:
++ * * It has a fully x86-opitmized memcmp dedicated for 4-byte-aligned page
++ * comparison. It's much faster than default C version on x86.
++ * * rmap_item now has an struct *page member to loosely cache a
++ * address-->page mapping, which reduces too much time-costly
++ * follow_page().
++ * * The VMA creation/exit procedures are hooked to let the Ultra KSM know.
++ * * try_to_merge_two_pages() now can revert a pte if it fails. No break_
++ * ksm is needed for this case.
++ *
++ * 6. Full Zero Page consideration(contributed by Figo Zhang)
++ * Now uksmd consider full zero pages as special pages and merge them to an
++ * special unswappable uksm zero page.
++ */
++
++ChangeLog:
++
++2012-05-05 The creation of this Doc
++2012-05-08 UKSM 0.1.1.1 libc crash bug fix, api clean up, doc clean up.
++2012-05-28 UKSM 0.1.1.2 bug fix release
++2012-06-26 UKSM 0.1.2-beta1 first beta release for 0.1.2
++2012-07-2 UKSM 0.1.2-beta2
++2012-07-10 UKSM 0.1.2-beta3
++2012-07-26 UKSM 0.1.2 Fine grained speed control, more scan optimization.
++2012-10-13 UKSM 0.1.2.1 Bug fixes.
++2012-12-31 UKSM 0.1.2.2 Minor bug fixes.
++2014-07-02 UKSM 0.1.2.3 Fix a " __this_cpu_read() in preemptible bug".
++2015-04-22 UKSM 0.1.2.4 Fix a race condition that can sometimes trigger anonying warnings.
++2016-09-10 UKSM 0.1.2.5 Fix a bug in dedup ratio calculation.
++2017-02-26 UKSM 0.1.2.6 Fix a bug in hugetlbpage handling and a race bug with page migration.
+diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
+index 547a239..fc64a20 100644
+--- a/fs/exec.c
++++ b/fs/exec.c
+@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@
+ #include <linux/compat.h>
+ #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+ #include <linux/io_uring.h>
++#include <linux/ksm.h>
+
+ #include <linux/uaccess.h>
+ #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+diff --git a/fs/proc/meminfo.c b/fs/proc/meminfo.c
+index 887a553..581a676 100644
+--- a/fs/proc/meminfo.c
++++ b/fs/proc/meminfo.c
+@@ -108,7 +108,10 @@ static int meminfo_proc_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+ #endif
+ show_val_kb(m, "PageTables: ",
+ global_zone_page_state(NR_PAGETABLE));
+-
++#ifdef CONFIG_UKSM
++ show_val_kb(m, "KsmZeroPages: ",
++ global_zone_page_state(NR_UKSM_ZERO_PAGES));
++#endif
+ show_val_kb(m, "NFS_Unstable: ", 0);
+ show_val_kb(m, "Bounce: ",
+ global_zone_page_state(NR_BOUNCE));
+diff --git a/include/linux/ksm.h b/include/linux/ksm.h
+index 161e816..f0dbdf3 100644
+--- a/include/linux/ksm.h
++++ b/include/linux/ksm.h
+@@ -21,20 +21,16 @@ struct mem_cgroup;
+ #ifdef CONFIG_KSM
+ int ksm_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end, int advice, unsigned long *vm_flags);
+-int __ksm_enter(struct mm_struct *mm);
+-void __ksm_exit(struct mm_struct *mm);
+
+-static inline int ksm_fork(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
++static inline struct stable_node *page_stable_node(struct page *page)
+ {
+- if (test_bit(MMF_VM_MERGEABLE, &oldmm->flags))
+- return __ksm_enter(mm);
+- return 0;
++ return PageKsm(page) ? page_rmapping(page) : NULL;
+ }
+
+-static inline void ksm_exit(struct mm_struct *mm)
++static inline void set_page_stable_node(struct page *page,
++ struct stable_node *stable_node)
+ {
+- if (test_bit(MMF_VM_MERGEABLE, &mm->flags))
+- __ksm_exit(mm);
++ page->mapping = (void *)((unsigned long)stable_node | PAGE_MAPPING_KSM);
+ }
+
+ /*
+@@ -54,6 +50,33 @@ struct page *ksm_might_need_to_copy(struct page *page,
+ void rmap_walk_ksm(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc);
+ void ksm_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *oldpage);
+
++#ifdef CONFIG_KSM_LEGACY
++int __ksm_enter(struct mm_struct *mm);
++void __ksm_exit(struct mm_struct *mm);
++static inline int ksm_fork(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
++{
++ if (test_bit(MMF_VM_MERGEABLE, &oldmm->flags))
++ return __ksm_enter(mm);
++ return 0;
++}
++
++static inline void ksm_exit(struct mm_struct *mm)
++{
++ if (test_bit(MMF_VM_MERGEABLE, &mm->flags))
++ __ksm_exit(mm);
++}
++
++#elif defined(CONFIG_UKSM)
++static inline int ksm_fork(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
++{
++ return 0;
++}
++
++static inline void ksm_exit(struct mm_struct *mm)
++{
++}
++#endif /* !CONFIG_UKSM */
++
+ #else /* !CONFIG_KSM */
+
+ static inline int ksm_fork(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
+@@ -89,4 +112,6 @@ static inline void ksm_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *oldpage)
+ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
+ #endif /* !CONFIG_KSM */
+
++#include <linux/uksm.h>
++
+ #endif /* __LINUX_KSM_H */
+diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
+index 5a9238f..5dd1ccf 100644
+--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
++++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
+@@ -371,6 +371,9 @@ struct vm_area_struct {
+ struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */
+ #endif
+ struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx;
++#ifdef CONFIG_UKSM
++ struct vma_slot *uksm_vma_slot;
++#endif
+ } __randomize_layout;
+
+ struct core_thread {
+diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
+index fb3bf69..e4477c3 100644
+--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
++++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
+@@ -159,6 +159,9 @@ enum zone_stat_item {
+ NR_ZSPAGES, /* allocated in zsmalloc */
+ #endif
+ NR_FREE_CMA_PAGES,
++#ifdef CONFIG_UKSM
++ NR_UKSM_ZERO_PAGES,
++#endif
+ NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS };
+
+ enum node_stat_item {
+diff --git a/include/linux/pgtable.h b/include/linux/pgtable.h
+index e237004..092cdfb 100644
+--- a/include/linux/pgtable.h
++++ b/include/linux/pgtable.h
+@@ -1060,12 +1060,25 @@ extern void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn,
+ extern void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+ #endif
+
++#ifdef CONFIG_UKSM
++static inline int is_uksm_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
++{
++ extern unsigned long uksm_zero_pfn;
++ return pfn == uksm_zero_pfn;
++}
++#else
++static inline int is_uksm_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
++{
++ return 0;
++}
++#endif
++
+ #ifdef __HAVE_COLOR_ZERO_PAGE
+ static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+ {
+ extern unsigned long zero_pfn;
+ unsigned long offset_from_zero_pfn = pfn - zero_pfn;
+- return offset_from_zero_pfn <= (zero_page_mask >> PAGE_SHIFT);
++ return offset_from_zero_pfn <= (zero_page_mask >> PAGE_SHIFT) || is_uksm_zero_pfn(pfn);
+ }
+
+ #define my_zero_pfn(addr) page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(addr))
+@@ -1074,7 +1087,7 @@ static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+ static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+ {
+ extern unsigned long zero_pfn;
+- return pfn == zero_pfn;
++ return (pfn == zero_pfn) || (is_uksm_zero_pfn(pfn));
+ }
+
+ static inline unsigned long my_zero_pfn(unsigned long addr)
+diff --git a/include/linux/sradix-tree.h b/include/linux/sradix-tree.h
+new file mode 100644
+index 0000000..d71edba
+--- /dev/null
++++ b/include/linux/sradix-tree.h
+@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
++#ifndef _LINUX_SRADIX_TREE_H
++#define _LINUX_SRADIX_TREE_H
++
++
++#define INIT_SRADIX_TREE(root, mask) \
++do { \
++ (root)->height = 0; \
++ (root)->gfp_mask = (mask); \
++ (root)->rnode = NULL; \
++} while (0)
++
++#define ULONG_BITS (sizeof(unsigned long) * 8)
++#define SRADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS (8 /* CHAR_BIT */ * sizeof(unsigned long))
++//#define SRADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT 6
++//#define SRADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE (1UL << SRADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT)
++//#define SRADIX_TREE_MAP_MASK (SRADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE-1)
++
++struct sradix_tree_node {
++ unsigned int height; /* Height from the bottom */
++ unsigned int count;
++ unsigned int fulls; /* Number of full sublevel trees */
++ struct sradix_tree_node *parent;
++ void *stores[0];
++};
++
++/* A simple radix tree implementation */
++struct sradix_tree_root {
++ unsigned int height;
++ struct sradix_tree_node *rnode;
++
++ /* Where found to have available empty stores in its sublevels */
++ struct sradix_tree_node *enter_node;
++ unsigned int shift;
++ unsigned int stores_size;
++ unsigned int mask;
++ unsigned long min; /* The first hole index */
++ unsigned long num;
++ //unsigned long *height_to_maxindex;
++
++ /* How the node is allocated and freed. */
++ struct sradix_tree_node *(*alloc)(void);
++ void (*free)(struct sradix_tree_node *node);
++
++ /* When a new node is added and removed */
++ void (*extend)(struct sradix_tree_node *parent, struct sradix_tree_node *child);
++ void (*assign)(struct sradix_tree_node *node, unsigned int index, void *item);
++ void (*rm)(struct sradix_tree_node *node, unsigned int offset);
++};
++
++struct sradix_tree_path {
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node;
++ int offset;
++};
++
++static inline
++void init_sradix_tree_root(struct sradix_tree_root *root, unsigned long shift)
++{
++ root->height = 0;
++ root->rnode = NULL;
++ root->shift = shift;
++ root->stores_size = 1UL << shift;
++ root->mask = root->stores_size - 1;
++}
++
++
++extern void *sradix_tree_next(struct sradix_tree_root *root,
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node, unsigned long index,
++ int (*iter)(void *, unsigned long));
++
++extern int sradix_tree_enter(struct sradix_tree_root *root, void **item, int num);
++
++extern void sradix_tree_delete_from_leaf(struct sradix_tree_root *root,
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node, unsigned long index);
++
++extern void *sradix_tree_lookup(struct sradix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index);
++
++#endif /* _LINUX_SRADIX_TREE_H */
+diff --git a/include/linux/uksm.h b/include/linux/uksm.h
+new file mode 100644
+index 0000000..bb8651f
+--- /dev/null
++++ b/include/linux/uksm.h
+@@ -0,0 +1,149 @@
++#ifndef __LINUX_UKSM_H
++#define __LINUX_UKSM_H
++/*
++ * Memory merging support.
++ *
++ * This code enables dynamic sharing of identical pages found in different
++ * memory areas, even if they are not shared by fork().
++ */
++
++/* if !CONFIG_UKSM this file should not be compiled at all. */
++#ifdef CONFIG_UKSM
++
++#include <linux/bitops.h>
++#include <linux/mm.h>
++#include <linux/pagemap.h>
++#include <linux/rmap.h>
++#include <linux/sched.h>
++
++extern unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly;
++extern unsigned long uksm_zero_pfn __read_mostly;
++extern struct page *empty_uksm_zero_page;
++
++/* must be done before linked to mm */
++extern void uksm_vma_add_new(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
++extern void uksm_remove_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
++
++#define UKSM_SLOT_NEED_SORT (1 << 0)
++#define UKSM_SLOT_NEED_RERAND (1 << 1)
++#define UKSM_SLOT_SCANNED (1 << 2) /* It's scanned in this round */
++#define UKSM_SLOT_FUL_SCANNED (1 << 3)
++#define UKSM_SLOT_IN_UKSM (1 << 4)
++
++struct vma_slot {
++ struct sradix_tree_node *snode;
++ unsigned long sindex;
++
++ struct list_head slot_list;
++ unsigned long fully_scanned_round;
++ unsigned long dedup_num;
++ unsigned long pages_scanned;
++ unsigned long this_sampled;
++ unsigned long last_scanned;
++ unsigned long pages_to_scan;
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++ struct page **rmap_list_pool;
++ unsigned int *pool_counts;
++ unsigned long pool_size;
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
++ struct mm_struct *mm;
++ unsigned long ctime_j;
++ unsigned long pages;
++ unsigned long flags;
++ unsigned long pages_cowed; /* pages cowed this round */
++ unsigned long pages_merged; /* pages merged this round */
++ unsigned long pages_bemerged;
++
++ /* when it has page merged in this eval round */
++ struct list_head dedup_list;
++};
++
++static inline void uksm_unmap_zero_page(pte_t pte)
++{
++ if (pte_pfn(pte) == uksm_zero_pfn)
++ __dec_zone_page_state(empty_uksm_zero_page, NR_UKSM_ZERO_PAGES);
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_map_zero_page(pte_t pte)
++{
++ if (pte_pfn(pte) == uksm_zero_pfn)
++ __inc_zone_page_state(empty_uksm_zero_page, NR_UKSM_ZERO_PAGES);
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_cow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page)
++{
++ if (vma->uksm_vma_slot && PageKsm(page))
++ vma->uksm_vma_slot->pages_cowed++;
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_cow_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pte_t pte)
++{
++ if (vma->uksm_vma_slot && pte_pfn(pte) == uksm_zero_pfn)
++ vma->uksm_vma_slot->pages_cowed++;
++}
++
++static inline int uksm_flags_can_scan(unsigned long vm_flags)
++{
++#ifdef VM_SAO
++ if (vm_flags & VM_SAO)
++ return 0;
++#endif
++
++ return !(vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND |
++ VM_HUGETLB | VM_MIXEDMAP | VM_SHARED
++ | VM_MAYSHARE | VM_GROWSUP | VM_GROWSDOWN));
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_vm_flags_mod(unsigned long *vm_flags_p)
++{
++ if (uksm_flags_can_scan(*vm_flags_p))
++ *vm_flags_p |= VM_MERGEABLE;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Just a wrapper for BUG_ON for where ksm_zeropage must not be. TODO: it will
++ * be removed when uksm zero page patch is stable enough.
++ */
++static inline void uksm_bugon_zeropage(pte_t pte)
++{
++ BUG_ON(pte_pfn(pte) == uksm_zero_pfn);
++}
++#else
++static inline void uksm_vma_add_new(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
++{
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_remove_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
++{
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_unmap_zero_page(pte_t pte)
++{
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_map_zero_page(pte_t pte)
++{
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_cow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page)
++{
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_cow_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pte_t pte)
++{
++}
++
++static inline int uksm_flags_can_scan(unsigned long vm_flags)
++{
++ return 0;
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_vm_flags_mod(unsigned long *vm_flags_p)
++{
++}
++
++static inline void uksm_bugon_zeropage(pte_t pte)
++{
++}
++#endif /* !CONFIG_UKSM */
++#endif /* __LINUX_UKSM_H */
+diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
+index a106335..7392447 100644
+--- a/kernel/fork.c
++++ b/kernel/fork.c
+@@ -591,7 +591,7 @@ static __latent_entropy int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ __vma_link_rb(mm, tmp, rb_link, rb_parent);
+ rb_link = &tmp->vm_rb.rb_right;
+ rb_parent = &tmp->vm_rb;
+-
++ uksm_vma_add_new(tmp);
+ mm->map_count++;
+ if (!(tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK))
+ retval = copy_page_range(tmp, mpnt);
+diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
+index d415fc7..e4045eb 100644
+--- a/lib/Makefile
++++ b/lib/Makefile
+@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ endif
+ KCSAN_SANITIZE_random32.o := n
+
+ lib-y := ctype.o string.o vsprintf.o cmdline.o \
+- rbtree.o radix-tree.o timerqueue.o xarray.o \
++ rbtree.o radix-tree.o sradix-tree.o timerqueue.o xarray.o \
+ idr.o extable.o sha1.o irq_regs.o argv_split.o \
+ flex_proportions.o ratelimit.o show_mem.o \
+ is_single_threaded.o plist.o decompress.o kobject_uevent.o \
+diff --git a/lib/sradix-tree.c b/lib/sradix-tree.c
+new file mode 100644
+index 0000000..ab21e63
+--- /dev/null
++++ b/lib/sradix-tree.c
+@@ -0,0 +1,476 @@
++#include <linux/errno.h>
++#include <linux/mm.h>
++#include <linux/mman.h>
++#include <linux/spinlock.h>
++#include <linux/slab.h>
++#include <linux/gcd.h>
++#include <linux/sradix-tree.h>
++
++static inline int sradix_node_full(struct sradix_tree_root *root, struct sradix_tree_node *node)
++{
++ return node->fulls == root->stores_size ||
++ (node->height == 1 && node->count == root->stores_size);
++}
++
++/*
++ * Extend a sradix tree so it can store key @index.
++ */
++static int sradix_tree_extend(struct sradix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
++{
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node;
++ unsigned int height;
++
++ if (unlikely(root->rnode == NULL)) {
++ if (!(node = root->alloc()))
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ node->height = 1;
++ root->rnode = node;
++ root->height = 1;
++ }
++
++ /* Figure out what the height should be. */
++ height = root->height;
++ index >>= root->shift * height;
++
++ while (index) {
++ index >>= root->shift;
++ height++;
++ }
++
++ while (height > root->height) {
++ unsigned int newheight;
++
++ if (!(node = root->alloc()))
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ /* Increase the height. */
++ node->stores[0] = root->rnode;
++ root->rnode->parent = node;
++ if (root->extend)
++ root->extend(node, root->rnode);
++
++ newheight = root->height + 1;
++ node->height = newheight;
++ node->count = 1;
++ if (sradix_node_full(root, root->rnode))
++ node->fulls = 1;
++
++ root->rnode = node;
++ root->height = newheight;
++ }
++
++ return 0;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Search the next item from the current node, that is not NULL
++ * and can satify root->iter().
++ */
++void *sradix_tree_next(struct sradix_tree_root *root,
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node, unsigned long index,
++ int (*iter)(void *item, unsigned long height))
++{
++ unsigned long offset;
++ void *item;
++
++ if (unlikely(node == NULL)) {
++ node = root->rnode;
++ for (offset = 0; offset < root->stores_size; offset++) {
++ item = node->stores[offset];
++ if (item && (!iter || iter(item, node->height)))
++ break;
++ }
++
++ if (unlikely(offset >= root->stores_size))
++ return NULL;
++
++ if (node->height == 1)
++ return item;
++ else
++ goto go_down;
++ }
++
++ while (node) {
++ offset = (index & root->mask) + 1;
++ for (; offset < root->stores_size; offset++) {
++ item = node->stores[offset];
++ if (item && (!iter || iter(item, node->height)))
++ break;
++ }
++
++ if (offset < root->stores_size)
++ break;
++
++ node = node->parent;
++ index >>= root->shift;
++ }
++
++ if (!node)
++ return NULL;
++
++ while (node->height > 1) {
++go_down:
++ node = item;
++ for (offset = 0; offset < root->stores_size; offset++) {
++ item = node->stores[offset];
++ if (item && (!iter || iter(item, node->height)))
++ break;
++ }
++
++ if (unlikely(offset >= root->stores_size))
++ return NULL;
++ }
++
++ BUG_ON(offset > root->stores_size);
++
++ return item;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Blindly insert the item to the tree. Typically, we reuse the
++ * first empty store item.
++ */
++int sradix_tree_enter(struct sradix_tree_root *root, void **item, int num)
++{
++ unsigned long index;
++ unsigned int height;
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node, *tmp = NULL;
++ int offset, offset_saved;
++ void **store = NULL;
++ int error, i, j, shift;
++
++go_on:
++ index = root->min;
++
++ if (root->enter_node && !sradix_node_full(root, root->enter_node)) {
++ node = root->enter_node;
++ BUG_ON((index >> (root->shift * root->height)));
++ } else {
++ node = root->rnode;
++ if (node == NULL || (index >> (root->shift * root->height))
++ || sradix_node_full(root, node)) {
++ error = sradix_tree_extend(root, index);
++ if (error)
++ return error;
++
++ node = root->rnode;
++ }
++ }
++
++
++ height = node->height;
++ shift = (height - 1) * root->shift;
++ offset = (index >> shift) & root->mask;
++ while (shift > 0) {
++ offset_saved = offset;
++ for (; offset < root->stores_size; offset++) {
++ store = &node->stores[offset];
++ tmp = *store;
++
++ if (!tmp || !sradix_node_full(root, tmp))
++ break;
++ }
++ BUG_ON(offset >= root->stores_size);
++
++ if (offset != offset_saved) {
++ index += (offset - offset_saved) << shift;
++ index &= ~((1UL << shift) - 1);
++ }
++
++ if (!tmp) {
++ if (!(tmp = root->alloc()))
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ tmp->height = shift / root->shift;
++ *store = tmp;
++ tmp->parent = node;
++ node->count++;
++// if (root->extend)
++// root->extend(node, tmp);
++ }
++
++ node = tmp;
++ shift -= root->shift;
++ offset = (index >> shift) & root->mask;
++ }
++
++ BUG_ON(node->height != 1);
++
++
++ store = &node->stores[offset];
++ for (i = 0, j = 0;
++ j < root->stores_size - node->count &&
++ i < root->stores_size - offset && j < num; i++) {
++ if (!store[i]) {
++ store[i] = item[j];
++ if (root->assign)
++ root->assign(node, index + i, item[j]);
++ j++;
++ }
++ }
++
++ node->count += j;
++ root->num += j;
++ num -= j;
++
++ while (sradix_node_full(root, node)) {
++ node = node->parent;
++ if (!node)
++ break;
++
++ node->fulls++;
++ }
++
++ if (unlikely(!node)) {
++ /* All nodes are full */
++ root->min = 1 << (root->height * root->shift);
++ root->enter_node = NULL;
++ } else {
++ root->min = index + i - 1;
++ root->min |= (1UL << (node->height - 1)) - 1;
++ root->min++;
++ root->enter_node = node;
++ }
++
++ if (num) {
++ item += j;
++ goto go_on;
++ }
++
++ return 0;
++}
++
++
++/**
++ * sradix_tree_shrink - shrink height of a sradix tree to minimal
++ * @root sradix tree root
++ *
++ */
++static inline void sradix_tree_shrink(struct sradix_tree_root *root)
++{
++ /* try to shrink tree height */
++ while (root->height > 1) {
++ struct sradix_tree_node *to_free = root->rnode;
++
++ /*
++ * The candidate node has more than one child, or its child
++ * is not at the leftmost store, we cannot shrink.
++ */
++ if (to_free->count != 1 || !to_free->stores[0])
++ break;
++
++ root->rnode = to_free->stores[0];
++ root->rnode->parent = NULL;
++ root->height--;
++ if (unlikely(root->enter_node == to_free))
++ root->enter_node = NULL;
++ root->free(to_free);
++ }
++}
++
++/*
++ * Del the item on the known leaf node and index
++ */
++void sradix_tree_delete_from_leaf(struct sradix_tree_root *root,
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node, unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned int offset;
++ struct sradix_tree_node *start, *end;
++
++ BUG_ON(node->height != 1);
++
++ start = node;
++ while (node && !(--node->count))
++ node = node->parent;
++
++ end = node;
++ if (!node) {
++ root->rnode = NULL;
++ root->height = 0;
++ root->min = 0;
++ root->num = 0;
++ root->enter_node = NULL;
++ } else {
++ offset = (index >> (root->shift * (node->height - 1))) & root->mask;
++ if (root->rm)
++ root->rm(node, offset);
++ node->stores[offset] = NULL;
++ root->num--;
++ if (root->min > index) {
++ root->min = index;
++ root->enter_node = node;
++ }
++ }
++
++ if (start != end) {
++ do {
++ node = start;
++ start = start->parent;
++ if (unlikely(root->enter_node == node))
++ root->enter_node = end;
++ root->free(node);
++ } while (start != end);
++
++ /*
++ * Note that shrink may free "end", so enter_node still need to
++ * be checked inside.
++ */
++ sradix_tree_shrink(root);
++ } else if (node->count == root->stores_size - 1) {
++ /* It WAS a full leaf node. Update the ancestors */
++ node = node->parent;
++ while (node) {
++ node->fulls--;
++ if (node->fulls != root->stores_size - 1)
++ break;
++
++ node = node->parent;
++ }
++ }
++}
++
++void *sradix_tree_lookup(struct sradix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned int height, offset;
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node;
++ int shift;
++
++ node = root->rnode;
++ if (node == NULL || (index >> (root->shift * root->height)))
++ return NULL;
++
++ height = root->height;
++ shift = (height - 1) * root->shift;
++
++ do {
++ offset = (index >> shift) & root->mask;
++ node = node->stores[offset];
++ if (!node)
++ return NULL;
++
++ shift -= root->shift;
++ } while (shift >= 0);
++
++ return node;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Return the item if it exists, otherwise create it in place
++ * and return the created item.
++ */
++void *sradix_tree_lookup_create(struct sradix_tree_root *root,
++ unsigned long index, void *(*item_alloc)(void))
++{
++ unsigned int height, offset;
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node, *tmp;
++ void *item;
++ int shift, error;
++
++ if (root->rnode == NULL || (index >> (root->shift * root->height))) {
++ if (item_alloc) {
++ error = sradix_tree_extend(root, index);
++ if (error)
++ return NULL;
++ } else {
++ return NULL;
++ }
++ }
++
++ node = root->rnode;
++ height = root->height;
++ shift = (height - 1) * root->shift;
++
++ do {
++ offset = (index >> shift) & root->mask;
++ if (!node->stores[offset]) {
++ if (!(tmp = root->alloc()))
++ return NULL;
++
++ tmp->height = shift / root->shift;
++ node->stores[offset] = tmp;
++ tmp->parent = node;
++ node->count++;
++ node = tmp;
++ } else {
++ node = node->stores[offset];
++ }
++
++ shift -= root->shift;
++ } while (shift > 0);
++
++ BUG_ON(node->height != 1);
++ offset = index & root->mask;
++ if (node->stores[offset]) {
++ return node->stores[offset];
++ } else if (item_alloc) {
++ if (!(item = item_alloc()))
++ return NULL;
++
++ node->stores[offset] = item;
++
++ /*
++ * NOTE: we do NOT call root->assign here, since this item is
++ * newly created by us having no meaning. Caller can call this
++ * if it's necessary to do so.
++ */
++
++ node->count++;
++ root->num++;
++
++ while (sradix_node_full(root, node)) {
++ node = node->parent;
++ if (!node)
++ break;
++
++ node->fulls++;
++ }
++
++ if (unlikely(!node)) {
++ /* All nodes are full */
++ root->min = 1 << (root->height * root->shift);
++ } else {
++ if (root->min == index) {
++ root->min |= (1UL << (node->height - 1)) - 1;
++ root->min++;
++ root->enter_node = node;
++ }
++ }
++
++ return item;
++ } else {
++ return NULL;
++ }
++
++}
++
++int sradix_tree_delete(struct sradix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned int height, offset;
++ struct sradix_tree_node *node;
++ int shift;
++
++ node = root->rnode;
++ if (node == NULL || (index >> (root->shift * root->height)))
++ return -ENOENT;
++
++ height = root->height;
++ shift = (height - 1) * root->shift;
++
++ do {
++ offset = (index >> shift) & root->mask;
++ node = node->stores[offset];
++ if (!node)
++ return -ENOENT;
++
++ shift -= root->shift;
++ } while (shift > 0);
++
++ offset = index & root->mask;
++ if (!node->stores[offset])
++ return -ENOENT;
++
++ sradix_tree_delete_from_leaf(root, node, index);
++
++ return 0;
++}
+diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
+index 390165f..50d02cf 100644
+--- a/mm/Kconfig
++++ b/mm/Kconfig
+@@ -317,6 +317,32 @@ config KSM
+ See Documentation/vm/ksm.rst for more information: KSM is inactive
+ until a program has madvised that an area is MADV_MERGEABLE, and
+ root has set /sys/kernel/mm/ksm/run to 1 (if CONFIG_SYSFS is set).
++choice
++ prompt "Choose UKSM/KSM strategy"
++ default UKSM
++ depends on KSM
++ help
++ This option allows to select a UKSM/KSM stragety.
++
++config UKSM
++ bool "Ultra-KSM for page merging"
++ depends on KSM
++ help
++ UKSM is inspired by the Linux kernel project \u2014 KSM(Kernel Same
++ page Merging), but with a fundamentally rewritten core algorithm. With
++ an advanced algorithm, UKSM now can transparently scans all anonymously
++ mapped user space applications with an significantly improved scan speed
++ and CPU efficiency. Since KVM is friendly to KSM, KVM can also benefit from
++ UKSM. Now UKSM has its first stable release and first real world enterprise user.
++ For more information, please goto its project page.
++ (github.com/dolohow/uksm)
++
++config KSM_LEGACY
++ bool "Legacy KSM implementation"
++ depends on KSM
++ help
++ The legacy KSM implementation from Red Hat.
++endchoice
+
+ config DEFAULT_MMAP_MIN_ADDR
+ int "Low address space to protect from user allocation"
+diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
+index d73aed0..d6612b7 100644
+--- a/mm/Makefile
++++ b/mm/Makefile
+@@ -76,7 +76,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) += sparse.o
+ obj-$(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) += sparse-vmemmap.o
+ obj-$(CONFIG_SLOB) += slob.o
+ obj-$(CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER) += mmu_notifier.o
+-obj-$(CONFIG_KSM) += ksm.o
++obj-$(CONFIG_KSM_LEGACY) += ksm.o
++obj-$(CONFIG_UKSM) += uksm.o
+ obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING) += page_poison.o
+ obj-$(CONFIG_SLAB) += slab.o
+ obj-$(CONFIG_SLUB) += slub.o
+diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
+index 3c51c71..9e82895 100644
+--- a/mm/ksm.c
++++ b/mm/ksm.c
+@@ -858,17 +858,6 @@ static int unmerge_ksm_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ return err;
+ }
+
+-static inline struct stable_node *page_stable_node(struct page *page)
+-{
+- return PageKsm(page) ? page_rmapping(page) : NULL;
+-}
+-
+-static inline void set_page_stable_node(struct page *page,
+- struct stable_node *stable_node)
+-{
+- page->mapping = (void *)((unsigned long)stable_node | PAGE_MAPPING_KSM);
+-}
+-
+ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
+ /*
+ * Only called through the sysfs control interface:
+diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
+index 01495c1..c651f01 100644
+--- a/mm/memory.c
++++ b/mm/memory.c
+@@ -146,6 +146,25 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn);
+
+ unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly;
+
++#ifdef CONFIG_UKSM
++unsigned long uksm_zero_pfn __read_mostly;
++EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uksm_zero_pfn);
++struct page *empty_uksm_zero_page;
++
++static int __init setup_uksm_zero_page(void)
++{
++ empty_uksm_zero_page = alloc_pages(__GFP_ZERO & ~__GFP_MOVABLE, 0);
++ if (!empty_uksm_zero_page)
++ panic("Oh boy, that early out of memory?");
++
++ SetPageReserved(empty_uksm_zero_page);
++ uksm_zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(empty_uksm_zero_page);
++
++ return 0;
++}
++core_initcall(setup_uksm_zero_page);
++#endif
++
+ /*
+ * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init()
+ */
+@@ -161,6 +180,7 @@ void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count)
+ trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count);
+ }
+
++
+ #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING)
+
+ void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm)
+@@ -869,6 +889,11 @@ copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma,
+ get_page(page);
+ page_dup_rmap(page, false);
+ rss[mm_counter(page)]++;
++
++ /* Should return NULL in vm_normal_page() */
++ uksm_bugon_zeropage(pte);
++ } else {
++ uksm_map_zero_page(pte);
+ }
+
+ /*
+@@ -1237,8 +1262,10 @@ static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
+ ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte,
+ tlb->fullmm);
+ tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr);
+- if (unlikely(!page))
++ if (unlikely(!page)) {
++ uksm_unmap_zero_page(ptent);
+ continue;
++ }
+
+ if (!PageAnon(page)) {
+ if (pte_dirty(ptent)) {
+@@ -2587,6 +2614,7 @@ static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src,
+
+ if (likely(src)) {
+ copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma);
++ uksm_cow_page(vma, src);
+ return true;
+ }
+
+@@ -2833,6 +2861,7 @@ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
+ vmf->address);
+ if (!new_page)
+ goto oom;
++ uksm_cow_pte(vma, vmf->orig_pte);
+ } else {
+ new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma,
+ vmf->address);
+@@ -2875,7 +2904,9 @@ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
+ mm_counter_file(old_page));
+ inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
+ }
++ uksm_bugon_zeropage(vmf->orig_pte);
+ } else {
++ uksm_unmap_zero_page(vmf->orig_pte);
+ inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
+ }
+ flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte));
+diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
+index 5c8b448..b8dd56d 100644
+--- a/mm/mmap.c
++++ b/mm/mmap.c
+@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
+ #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+ #include <linux/pkeys.h>
+ #include <linux/oom.h>
++#include <linux/ksm.h>
+ #include <linux/sched/mm.h>
+
+ #include <linux/uaccess.h>
+@@ -181,6 +182,7 @@ static struct vm_area_struct *remove_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+ if (vma->vm_file)
+ fput(vma->vm_file);
+ mpol_put(vma_policy(vma));
++ uksm_remove_vma(vma);
+ vm_area_free(vma);
+ return next;
+ }
+@@ -750,9 +752,16 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
+ long adjust_next = 0;
+ int remove_next = 0;
+
++/*
++ * to avoid deadlock, ksm_remove_vma must be done before any spin_lock is
++ * acquired
++ */
++ uksm_remove_vma(vma);
++
+ if (next && !insert) {
+ struct vm_area_struct *exporter = NULL, *importer = NULL;
+
++ uksm_remove_vma(next);
+ if (end >= next->vm_end) {
+ /*
+ * vma expands, overlapping all the next, and
+@@ -883,6 +892,7 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
+ end_changed = true;
+ }
+ vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff;
++
+ if (adjust_next) {
+ next->vm_start += adjust_next;
+ next->vm_pgoff += adjust_next >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+@@ -987,6 +997,7 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
+ if (remove_next == 2) {
+ remove_next = 1;
+ end = next->vm_end;
++ uksm_remove_vma(next);
+ goto again;
+ }
+ else if (next)
+@@ -1013,10 +1024,14 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
+ */
+ VM_WARN_ON(mm->highest_vm_end != vm_end_gap(vma));
+ }
++ } else {
++ if (next && !insert)
++ uksm_vma_add_new(next);
+ }
+ if (insert && file)
+ uprobe_mmap(insert);
+
++ uksm_vma_add_new(vma);
+ validate_mm(mm);
+
+ return 0;
+@@ -1472,6 +1487,9 @@ unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
+ vm_flags = calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) | calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) |
+ mm->def_flags | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC;
+
++ /* If uksm is enabled, we add VM_MERGEABLE to new VMAs. */
++ uksm_vm_flags_mod(&vm_flags);
++
+ if (flags & MAP_LOCKED)
+ if (!can_do_mlock())
+ return -EPERM;
+@@ -1867,6 +1885,7 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
+ allow_write_access(file);
+ }
+ file = vma->vm_file;
++ uksm_vma_add_new(vma);
+ out:
+ perf_event_mmap(vma);
+
+@@ -1909,6 +1928,7 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
+ if (vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE)
+ allow_write_access(file);
+ free_vma:
++ uksm_remove_vma(vma);
+ vm_area_free(vma);
+ unacct_error:
+ if (charged)
+@@ -2768,6 +2788,8 @@ int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ else
+ err = vma_adjust(vma, vma->vm_start, addr, vma->vm_pgoff, new);
+
++ uksm_vma_add_new(new);
++
+ /* Success. */
+ if (!err)
+ return 0;
+@@ -3075,6 +3097,7 @@ static int do_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long fla
+ if ((flags & (~VM_EXEC)) != 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ flags |= VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT | mm->def_flags;
++ uksm_vm_flags_mod(&flags);
+
+ mapped_addr = get_unmapped_area(NULL, addr, len, 0, MAP_FIXED);
+ if (IS_ERR_VALUE(mapped_addr))
+@@ -3120,6 +3143,7 @@ static int do_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long fla
+ vma->vm_flags = flags;
+ vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(flags);
+ vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent);
++ uksm_vma_add_new(vma);
+ out:
+ perf_event_mmap(vma);
+ mm->total_vm += len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+@@ -3197,6 +3221,12 @@ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
+ mmap_write_unlock(mm);
+ }
+
++ /*
++ * Taking write lock on mmap does not harm others,
++ * but it's crucial for uksm to avoid races.
++ */
++ mmap_write_lock(mm);
++
+ if (mm->locked_vm) {
+ vma = mm->mmap;
+ while (vma) {
+@@ -3232,6 +3262,11 @@ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+ vm_unacct_memory(nr_accounted);
++
++ mm->mmap = NULL;
++ mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT;
++ vmacache_invalidate(mm);
++ mmap_write_unlock(mm);
+ }
+
+ /* Insert vm structure into process list sorted by address
+@@ -3339,6 +3374,7 @@ struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **vmap,
+ new_vma->vm_ops->open(new_vma);
+ vma_link(mm, new_vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent);
+ *need_rmap_locks = false;
++ uksm_vma_add_new(new_vma);
+ }
+ return new_vma;
+
+@@ -3491,6 +3527,7 @@ static struct vm_area_struct *__install_special_mapping(
+ vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+ perf_event_mmap(vma);
++ uksm_vma_add_new(vma);
+
+ return vma;
+
+diff --git a/mm/uksm.c b/mm/uksm.c
+new file mode 100644
+index 0000000..e4732c0
+--- /dev/null
++++ b/mm/uksm.c
+@@ -0,0 +1,5614 @@
++/*
++ * Ultra KSM. Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Nai Xia
++ *
++ * This is an improvement upon KSM. Some basic data structures and routines
++ * are borrowed from ksm.c .
++ *
++ * Its new features:
++ * 1. Full system scan:
++ * It automatically scans all user processes' anonymous VMAs. Kernel-user
++ * interaction to submit a memory area to KSM is no longer needed.
++ *
++ * 2. Rich area detection:
++ * It automatically detects rich areas containing abundant duplicated
++ * pages based. Rich areas are given a full scan speed. Poor areas are
++ * sampled at a reasonable speed with very low CPU consumption.
++ *
++ * 3. Ultra Per-page scan speed improvement:
++ * A new hash algorithm is proposed. As a result, on a machine with
++ * Core(TM)2 Quad Q9300 CPU in 32-bit mode and 800MHZ DDR2 main memory, it
++ * can scan memory areas that does not contain duplicated pages at speed of
++ * 627MB/sec ~ 2445MB/sec and can merge duplicated areas at speed of
++ * 477MB/sec ~ 923MB/sec.
++ *
++ * 4. Thrashing area avoidance:
++ * Thrashing area(an VMA that has frequent Ksm page break-out) can be
++ * filtered out. My benchmark shows it's more efficient than KSM's per-page
++ * hash value based volatile page detection.
++ *
++ *
++ * 5. Misc changes upon KSM:
++ * * It has a fully x86-opitmized memcmp dedicated for 4-byte-aligned page
++ * comparison. It's much faster than default C version on x86.
++ * * rmap_item now has an struct *page member to loosely cache a
++ * address-->page mapping, which reduces too much time-costly
++ * follow_page().
++ * * The VMA creation/exit procedures are hooked to let the Ultra KSM know.
++ * * try_to_merge_two_pages() now can revert a pte if it fails. No break_
++ * ksm is needed for this case.
++ *
++ * 6. Full Zero Page consideration(contributed by Figo Zhang)
++ * Now uksmd consider full zero pages as special pages and merge them to an
++ * special unswappable uksm zero page.
++ */
++
++#include <linux/errno.h>
++#include <linux/mm.h>
++#include <linux/fs.h>
++#include <linux/mman.h>
++#include <linux/sched.h>
++#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
++#include <linux/sched/coredump.h>
++#include <linux/sched/cputime.h>
++#include <linux/rwsem.h>
++#include <linux/pagemap.h>
++#include <linux/rmap.h>
++#include <linux/spinlock.h>
++#include <linux/jhash.h>
++#include <linux/delay.h>
++#include <linux/kthread.h>
++#include <linux/wait.h>
++#include <linux/slab.h>
++#include <linux/rbtree.h>
++#include <linux/memory.h>
++#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
++#include <linux/swap.h>
++#include <linux/ksm.h>
++#include <linux/crypto.h>
++#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
++#include <crypto/hash.h>
++#include <linux/random.h>
++#include <linux/math64.h>
++#include <linux/gcd.h>
++#include <linux/freezer.h>
++#include <linux/oom.h>
++#include <linux/numa.h>
++#include <linux/sradix-tree.h>
++
++#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
++#include "internal.h"
++
++#ifdef CONFIG_X86
++#undef memcmp
++
++#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
++#define memcmp memcmpx86_32
++/*
++ * Compare 4-byte-aligned address s1 and s2, with length n
++ */
++int memcmpx86_32(void *s1, void *s2, size_t n)
++{
++ size_t num = n / 4;
++ register int res;
++
++ __asm__ __volatile__
++ (
++ "testl %3,%3\n\t"
++ "repe; cmpsd\n\t"
++ "je 1f\n\t"
++ "sbbl %0,%0\n\t"
++ "orl $1,%0\n"
++ "1:"
++ : "=&a" (res), "+&S" (s1), "+&D" (s2), "+&c" (num)
++ : "0" (0)
++ : "cc");
++
++ return res;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Check the page is all zero ?
++ */
++static int is_full_zero(const void *s1, size_t len)
++{
++ unsigned char same;
++
++ len /= 4;
++
++ __asm__ __volatile__
++ ("repe; scasl;"
++ "sete %0"
++ : "=qm" (same), "+D" (s1), "+c" (len)
++ : "a" (0)
++ : "cc");
++
++ return same;
++}
++
++
++#elif defined(CONFIG_X86_64)
++#define memcmp memcmpx86_64
++/*
++ * Compare 8-byte-aligned address s1 and s2, with length n
++ */
++int memcmpx86_64(void *s1, void *s2, size_t n)
++{
++ size_t num = n / 8;
++ register int res;
++
++ __asm__ __volatile__
++ (
++ "testq %q3,%q3\n\t"
++ "repe; cmpsq\n\t"
++ "je 1f\n\t"
++ "sbbq %q0,%q0\n\t"
++ "orq $1,%q0\n"
++ "1:"
++ : "=&a" (res), "+&S" (s1), "+&D" (s2), "+&c" (num)
++ : "0" (0)
++ : "cc");
++
++ return res;
++}
++
++static int is_full_zero(const void *s1, size_t len)
++{
++ unsigned char same;
++
++ len /= 8;
++
++ __asm__ __volatile__
++ ("repe; scasq;"
++ "sete %0"
++ : "=qm" (same), "+D" (s1), "+c" (len)
++ : "a" (0)
++ : "cc");
++
++ return same;
++}
++
++#endif
++#else
++static int is_full_zero(const void *s1, size_t len)
++{
++ unsigned long *src = s1;
++ int i;
++
++ len /= sizeof(*src);
++
++ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
++ if (src[i])
++ return 0;
++ }
++
++ return 1;
++}
++#endif
++
++#define UKSM_RUNG_ROUND_FINISHED (1 << 0)
++#define TIME_RATIO_SCALE 10000
++
++#define SLOT_TREE_NODE_SHIFT 8
++#define SLOT_TREE_NODE_STORE_SIZE (1UL << SLOT_TREE_NODE_SHIFT)
++struct slot_tree_node {
++ unsigned long size;
++ struct sradix_tree_node snode;
++ void *stores[SLOT_TREE_NODE_STORE_SIZE];
++};
++
++static struct kmem_cache *slot_tree_node_cachep;
++
++static struct sradix_tree_node *slot_tree_node_alloc(void)
++{
++ struct slot_tree_node *p;
++
++ p = kmem_cache_zalloc(slot_tree_node_cachep, GFP_KERNEL |
++ __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN);
++ if (!p)
++ return NULL;
++
++ return &p->snode;
++}
++
++static void slot_tree_node_free(struct sradix_tree_node *node)
++{
++ struct slot_tree_node *p;
++
++ p = container_of(node, struct slot_tree_node, snode);
++ kmem_cache_free(slot_tree_node_cachep, p);
++}
++
++static void slot_tree_node_extend(struct sradix_tree_node *parent,
++ struct sradix_tree_node *child)
++{
++ struct slot_tree_node *p, *c;
++
++ p = container_of(parent, struct slot_tree_node, snode);
++ c = container_of(child, struct slot_tree_node, snode);
++
++ p->size += c->size;
++}
++
++void slot_tree_node_assign(struct sradix_tree_node *node,
++ unsigned int index, void *item)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot = item;
++ struct slot_tree_node *cur;
++
++ slot->snode = node;
++ slot->sindex = index;
++
++ while (node) {
++ cur = container_of(node, struct slot_tree_node, snode);
++ cur->size += slot->pages;
++ node = node->parent;
++ }
++}
++
++void slot_tree_node_rm(struct sradix_tree_node *node, unsigned int offset)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++ struct slot_tree_node *cur;
++ unsigned long pages;
++
++ if (node->height == 1) {
++ slot = node->stores[offset];
++ pages = slot->pages;
++ } else {
++ cur = container_of(node->stores[offset],
++ struct slot_tree_node, snode);
++ pages = cur->size;
++ }
++
++ while (node) {
++ cur = container_of(node, struct slot_tree_node, snode);
++ cur->size -= pages;
++ node = node->parent;
++ }
++}
++
++unsigned long slot_iter_index;
++int slot_iter(void *item, unsigned long height)
++{
++ struct slot_tree_node *node;
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++
++ if (height == 1) {
++ slot = item;
++ if (slot_iter_index < slot->pages) {
++ /*in this one*/
++ return 1;
++ } else {
++ slot_iter_index -= slot->pages;
++ return 0;
++ }
++
++ } else {
++ node = container_of(item, struct slot_tree_node, snode);
++ if (slot_iter_index < node->size) {
++ /*in this one*/
++ return 1;
++ } else {
++ slot_iter_index -= node->size;
++ return 0;
++ }
++ }
++}
++
++
++static inline void slot_tree_init_root(struct sradix_tree_root *root)
++{
++ init_sradix_tree_root(root, SLOT_TREE_NODE_SHIFT);
++ root->alloc = slot_tree_node_alloc;
++ root->free = slot_tree_node_free;
++ root->extend = slot_tree_node_extend;
++ root->assign = slot_tree_node_assign;
++ root->rm = slot_tree_node_rm;
++}
++
++void slot_tree_init(void)
++{
++ slot_tree_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("slot_tree_node",
++ sizeof(struct slot_tree_node), 0,
++ SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT,
++ NULL);
++}
++
++
++/* Each rung of this ladder is a list of VMAs having a same scan ratio */
++struct scan_rung {
++ //struct list_head scanned_list;
++ struct sradix_tree_root vma_root;
++ struct sradix_tree_root vma_root2;
++
++ struct vma_slot *current_scan;
++ unsigned long current_offset;
++
++ /*
++ * The initial value for current_offset, it should loop over
++ * [0~ step - 1] to let all slot have its chance to be scanned.
++ */
++ unsigned long offset_init;
++ unsigned long step; /* dynamic step for current_offset */
++ unsigned int flags;
++ unsigned long pages_to_scan;
++ //unsigned long fully_scanned_slots;
++ /*
++ * a little bit tricky - if cpu_time_ratio > 0, then the value is the
++ * the cpu time ratio it can spend in rung_i for every scan
++ * period. if < 0, then it is the cpu time ratio relative to the
++ * max cpu percentage user specified. Both in unit of
++ * 1/TIME_RATIO_SCALE
++ */
++ int cpu_ratio;
++
++ /*
++ * How long it will take for all slots in this rung to be fully
++ * scanned? If it's zero, we don't care about the cover time:
++ * it's fully scanned.
++ */
++ unsigned int cover_msecs;
++ //unsigned long vma_num;
++ //unsigned long pages; /* Sum of all slot's pages in rung */
++};
++
++/**
++ * node of either the stable or unstale rbtree
++ *
++ */
++struct tree_node {
++ struct rb_node node; /* link in the main (un)stable rbtree */
++ struct rb_root sub_root; /* rb_root for sublevel collision rbtree */
++ u32 hash;
++ unsigned long count; /* TODO: merged with sub_root */
++ struct list_head all_list; /* all tree nodes in stable/unstable tree */
++};
++
++/**
++ * struct stable_node - node of the stable rbtree
++ * @node: rb node of this ksm page in the stable tree
++ * @hlist: hlist head of rmap_items using this ksm page
++ * @kpfn: page frame number of this ksm page
++ */
++struct stable_node {
++ struct rb_node node; /* link in sub-rbtree */
++ struct tree_node *tree_node; /* it's tree node root in stable tree, NULL if it's in hell list */
++ struct hlist_head hlist;
++ unsigned long kpfn;
++ u32 hash_max; /* if ==0 then it's not been calculated yet */
++ struct list_head all_list; /* in a list for all stable nodes */
++};
++
++/**
++ * struct node_vma - group rmap_items linked in a same stable
++ * node together.
++ */
++struct node_vma {
++ union {
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++ unsigned long key; /* slot is used as key sorted on hlist */
++ };
++ struct hlist_node hlist;
++ struct hlist_head rmap_hlist;
++ struct stable_node *head;
++};
++
++/**
++ * struct rmap_item - reverse mapping item for virtual addresses
++ * @rmap_list: next rmap_item in mm_slot's singly-linked rmap_list
++ * @anon_vma: pointer to anon_vma for this mm,address, when in stable tree
++ * @mm: the memory structure this rmap_item is pointing into
++ * @address: the virtual address this rmap_item tracks (+ flags in low bits)
++ * @node: rb node of this rmap_item in the unstable tree
++ * @head: pointer to stable_node heading this list in the stable tree
++ * @hlist: link into hlist of rmap_items hanging off that stable_node
++ */
++struct rmap_item {
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++ struct page *page;
++ unsigned long address; /* + low bits used for flags below */
++ unsigned long hash_round;
++ unsigned long entry_index;
++ union {
++ struct {/* when in unstable tree */
++ struct rb_node node;
++ struct tree_node *tree_node;
++ u32 hash_max;
++ };
++ struct { /* when in stable tree */
++ struct node_vma *head;
++ struct hlist_node hlist;
++ struct anon_vma *anon_vma;
++ };
++ };
++} __aligned(4);
++
++struct rmap_list_entry {
++ union {
++ struct rmap_item *item;
++ unsigned long addr;
++ };
++ /* lowest bit is used for is_addr tag */
++} __aligned(4); /* 4 aligned to fit in to pages*/
++
++
++/* Basic data structure definition ends */
++
++
++/*
++ * Flags for rmap_item to judge if it's listed in the stable/unstable tree.
++ * The flags use the low bits of rmap_item.address
++ */
++#define UNSTABLE_FLAG 0x1
++#define STABLE_FLAG 0x2
++#define get_rmap_addr(x) ((x)->address & PAGE_MASK)
++
++/*
++ * rmap_list_entry helpers
++ */
++#define IS_ADDR_FLAG 1
++#define is_addr(ptr) ((unsigned long)(ptr) & IS_ADDR_FLAG)
++#define set_is_addr(ptr) ((ptr) |= IS_ADDR_FLAG)
++#define get_clean_addr(ptr) (((ptr) & ~(__typeof__(ptr))IS_ADDR_FLAG))
++
++
++/*
++ * High speed caches for frequently allocated and freed structs
++ */
++static struct kmem_cache *rmap_item_cache;
++static struct kmem_cache *stable_node_cache;
++static struct kmem_cache *node_vma_cache;
++static struct kmem_cache *vma_slot_cache;
++static struct kmem_cache *tree_node_cache;
++#define UKSM_KMEM_CACHE(__struct, __flags) kmem_cache_create("uksm_"#__struct,\
++ sizeof(struct __struct), __alignof__(struct __struct),\
++ (__flags), NULL)
++
++/* Array of all scan_rung, uksm_scan_ladder[0] having the minimum scan ratio */
++#define SCAN_LADDER_SIZE 4
++static struct scan_rung uksm_scan_ladder[SCAN_LADDER_SIZE];
++
++/* The evaluation rounds uksmd has finished */
++static unsigned long long uksm_eval_round = 1;
++
++/*
++ * we add 1 to this var when we consider we should rebuild the whole
++ * unstable tree.
++ */
++static unsigned long uksm_hash_round = 1;
++
++/*
++ * How many times the whole memory is scanned.
++ */
++static unsigned long long fully_scanned_round = 1;
++
++/* The total number of virtual pages of all vma slots */
++static u64 uksm_pages_total;
++
++/* The number of pages has been scanned since the start up */
++static u64 uksm_pages_scanned;
++
++static u64 scanned_virtual_pages;
++
++/* The number of pages has been scanned since last encode_benefit call */
++static u64 uksm_pages_scanned_last;
++
++/* If the scanned number is tooo large, we encode it here */
++static u64 pages_scanned_stored;
++
++static unsigned long pages_scanned_base;
++
++/* The number of nodes in the stable tree */
++static unsigned long uksm_pages_shared;
++
++/* The number of page slots additionally sharing those nodes */
++static unsigned long uksm_pages_sharing;
++
++/* The number of nodes in the unstable tree */
++static unsigned long uksm_pages_unshared;
++
++/*
++ * Milliseconds ksmd should sleep between scans,
++ * >= 100ms to be consistent with
++ * scan_time_to_sleep_msec()
++ */
++static unsigned int uksm_sleep_jiffies;
++
++/* The real value for the uksmd next sleep */
++static unsigned int uksm_sleep_real;
++
++/* Saved value for user input uksm_sleep_jiffies when it's enlarged */
++static unsigned int uksm_sleep_saved;
++
++/* Max percentage of cpu utilization ksmd can take to scan in one batch */
++static unsigned int uksm_max_cpu_percentage;
++
++static int uksm_cpu_governor;
++
++static char *uksm_cpu_governor_str[4] = { "full", "medium", "low", "quiet" };
++
++struct uksm_cpu_preset_s {
++ int cpu_ratio[SCAN_LADDER_SIZE];
++ unsigned int cover_msecs[SCAN_LADDER_SIZE];
++ unsigned int max_cpu; /* percentage */
++};
++
++struct uksm_cpu_preset_s uksm_cpu_preset[4] = {
++ { {20, 40, -2500, -10000}, {1000, 500, 200, 50}, 95},
++ { {20, 30, -2500, -10000}, {1000, 500, 400, 100}, 50},
++ { {10, 20, -5000, -10000}, {1500, 1000, 1000, 250}, 20},
++ { {10, 20, 40, 75}, {2000, 1000, 1000, 1000}, 1},
++};
++
++/* The default value for uksm_ema_page_time if it's not initialized */
++#define UKSM_PAGE_TIME_DEFAULT 500
++
++/*cost to scan one page by expotional moving average in nsecs */
++static unsigned long uksm_ema_page_time = UKSM_PAGE_TIME_DEFAULT;
++
++/* The expotional moving average alpha weight, in percentage. */
++#define EMA_ALPHA 20
++
++/*
++ * The threshold used to filter out thrashing areas,
++ * If it == 0, filtering is disabled, otherwise it's the percentage up-bound
++ * of the thrashing ratio of all areas. Any area with a bigger thrashing ratio
++ * will be considered as having a zero duplication ratio.
++ */
++static unsigned int uksm_thrash_threshold = 50;
++
++/* How much dedup ratio is considered to be abundant*/
++static unsigned int uksm_abundant_threshold = 10;
++
++/* All slots having merged pages in this eval round. */
++struct list_head vma_slot_dedup = LIST_HEAD_INIT(vma_slot_dedup);
++
++/* How many times the ksmd has slept since startup */
++static unsigned long long uksm_sleep_times;
++
++#define UKSM_RUN_STOP 0
++#define UKSM_RUN_MERGE 1
++static unsigned int uksm_run = 1;
++
++static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(uksm_thread_wait);
++static DEFINE_MUTEX(uksm_thread_mutex);
++
++/*
++ * List vma_slot_new is for newly created vma_slot waiting to be added by
++ * ksmd. If one cannot be added(e.g. due to it's too small), it's moved to
++ * vma_slot_noadd. vma_slot_del is the list for vma_slot whose corresponding
++ * VMA has been removed/freed.
++ */
++struct list_head vma_slot_new = LIST_HEAD_INIT(vma_slot_new);
++struct list_head vma_slot_noadd = LIST_HEAD_INIT(vma_slot_noadd);
++struct list_head vma_slot_del = LIST_HEAD_INIT(vma_slot_del);
++static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vma_slot_list_lock);
++
++/* The unstable tree heads */
++static struct rb_root root_unstable_tree = RB_ROOT;
++
++/*
++ * All tree_nodes are in a list to be freed at once when unstable tree is
++ * freed after each scan round.
++ */
++static struct list_head unstable_tree_node_list =
++ LIST_HEAD_INIT(unstable_tree_node_list);
++
++/* List contains all stable nodes */
++static struct list_head stable_node_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(stable_node_list);
++
++/*
++ * When the hash strength is changed, the stable tree must be delta_hashed and
++ * re-structured. We use two set of below structs to speed up the
++ * re-structuring of stable tree.
++ */
++static struct list_head
++stable_tree_node_list[2] = {LIST_HEAD_INIT(stable_tree_node_list[0]),
++ LIST_HEAD_INIT(stable_tree_node_list[1])};
++
++static struct list_head *stable_tree_node_listp = &stable_tree_node_list[0];
++static struct rb_root root_stable_tree[2] = {RB_ROOT, RB_ROOT};
++static struct rb_root *root_stable_treep = &root_stable_tree[0];
++static unsigned long stable_tree_index;
++
++/* The hash strength needed to hash a full page */
++#define HASH_STRENGTH_FULL (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(u32))
++
++/* The hash strength needed for loop-back hashing */
++#define HASH_STRENGTH_MAX (HASH_STRENGTH_FULL + 10)
++
++/* The random offsets in a page */
++static u32 *random_nums;
++
++/* The hash strength */
++static unsigned long hash_strength = HASH_STRENGTH_FULL >> 4;
++
++/* The delta value each time the hash strength increases or decreases */
++static unsigned long hash_strength_delta;
++#define HASH_STRENGTH_DELTA_MAX 5
++
++/* The time we have saved due to random_sample_hash */
++static u64 rshash_pos;
++
++/* The time we have wasted due to hash collision */
++static u64 rshash_neg;
++
++struct uksm_benefit {
++ u64 pos;
++ u64 neg;
++ u64 scanned;
++ unsigned long base;
++} benefit;
++
++/*
++ * The relative cost of memcmp, compared to 1 time unit of random sample
++ * hash, this value is tested when ksm module is initialized
++ */
++static unsigned long memcmp_cost;
++
++static unsigned long rshash_neg_cont_zero;
++static unsigned long rshash_cont_obscure;
++
++/* The possible states of hash strength adjustment heuristic */
++enum rshash_states {
++ RSHASH_STILL,
++ RSHASH_TRYUP,
++ RSHASH_TRYDOWN,
++ RSHASH_NEW,
++ RSHASH_PRE_STILL,
++};
++
++/* The possible direction we are about to adjust hash strength */
++enum rshash_direct {
++ GO_UP,
++ GO_DOWN,
++ OBSCURE,
++ STILL,
++};
++
++/* random sampling hash state machine */
++static struct {
++ enum rshash_states state;
++ enum rshash_direct pre_direct;
++ u8 below_count;
++ /* Keep a lookup window of size 5, iff above_count/below_count > 3
++ * in this window we stop trying.
++ */
++ u8 lookup_window_index;
++ u64 stable_benefit;
++ unsigned long turn_point_down;
++ unsigned long turn_benefit_down;
++ unsigned long turn_point_up;
++ unsigned long turn_benefit_up;
++ unsigned long stable_point;
++} rshash_state;
++
++/*zero page hash table, hash_strength [0 ~ HASH_STRENGTH_MAX]*/
++static u32 *zero_hash_table;
++
++static inline struct node_vma *alloc_node_vma(void)
++{
++ struct node_vma *node_vma;
++
++ node_vma = kmem_cache_zalloc(node_vma_cache, GFP_KERNEL |
++ __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN);
++ if (node_vma) {
++ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&node_vma->rmap_hlist);
++ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&node_vma->hlist);
++ }
++ return node_vma;
++}
++
++static inline void free_node_vma(struct node_vma *node_vma)
++{
++ kmem_cache_free(node_vma_cache, node_vma);
++}
++
++
++static inline struct vma_slot *alloc_vma_slot(void)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++
++ /*
++ * In case ksm is not initialized by now.
++ * Oops, we need to consider the call site of uksm_init() in the future.
++ */
++ if (!vma_slot_cache)
++ return NULL;
++
++ slot = kmem_cache_zalloc(vma_slot_cache, GFP_KERNEL |
++ __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN);
++ if (slot) {
++ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&slot->slot_list);
++ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&slot->dedup_list);
++ slot->flags |= UKSM_SLOT_NEED_RERAND;
++ }
++ return slot;
++}
++
++static inline void free_vma_slot(struct vma_slot *vma_slot)
++{
++ kmem_cache_free(vma_slot_cache, vma_slot);
++}
++
++
++
++static inline struct rmap_item *alloc_rmap_item(void)
++{
++ struct rmap_item *rmap_item;
++
++ rmap_item = kmem_cache_zalloc(rmap_item_cache, GFP_KERNEL |
++ __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN);
++ if (rmap_item) {
++ /* bug on lowest bit is not clear for flag use */
++ BUG_ON(is_addr(rmap_item));
++ }
++ return rmap_item;
++}
++
++static inline void free_rmap_item(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
++{
++ rmap_item->slot = NULL; /* debug safety */
++ kmem_cache_free(rmap_item_cache, rmap_item);
++}
++
++static inline struct stable_node *alloc_stable_node(void)
++{
++ struct stable_node *node;
++
++ node = kmem_cache_alloc(stable_node_cache, GFP_KERNEL |
++ __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN);
++ if (!node)
++ return NULL;
++
++ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&node->hlist);
++ list_add(&node->all_list, &stable_node_list);
++ return node;
++}
++
++static inline void free_stable_node(struct stable_node *stable_node)
++{
++ list_del(&stable_node->all_list);
++ kmem_cache_free(stable_node_cache, stable_node);
++}
++
++static inline struct tree_node *alloc_tree_node(struct list_head *list)
++{
++ struct tree_node *node;
++
++ node = kmem_cache_zalloc(tree_node_cache, GFP_KERNEL |
++ __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN);
++ if (!node)
++ return NULL;
++
++ list_add(&node->all_list, list);
++ return node;
++}
++
++static inline void free_tree_node(struct tree_node *node)
++{
++ list_del(&node->all_list);
++ kmem_cache_free(tree_node_cache, node);
++}
++
++static void uksm_drop_anon_vma(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
++{
++ struct anon_vma *anon_vma = rmap_item->anon_vma;
++
++ put_anon_vma(anon_vma);
++}
++
++
++/**
++ * Remove a stable node from stable_tree, may unlink from its tree_node and
++ * may remove its parent tree_node if no other stable node is pending.
++ *
++ * @stable_node The node need to be removed
++ * @unlink_rb Will this node be unlinked from the rbtree?
++ * @remove_tree_ node Will its tree_node be removed if empty?
++ */
++static void remove_node_from_stable_tree(struct stable_node *stable_node,
++ int unlink_rb, int remove_tree_node)
++{
++ struct node_vma *node_vma;
++ struct rmap_item *rmap_item;
++ struct hlist_node *n;
++
++ if (!hlist_empty(&stable_node->hlist)) {
++ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(node_vma, n,
++ &stable_node->hlist, hlist) {
++ hlist_for_each_entry(rmap_item, &node_vma->rmap_hlist, hlist) {
++ uksm_pages_sharing--;
++
++ uksm_drop_anon_vma(rmap_item);
++ rmap_item->address &= PAGE_MASK;
++ }
++ free_node_vma(node_vma);
++ cond_resched();
++ }
++
++ /* the last one is counted as shared */
++ uksm_pages_shared--;
++ uksm_pages_sharing++;
++ }
++
++ if (stable_node->tree_node && unlink_rb) {
++ rb_erase(&stable_node->node,
++ &stable_node->tree_node->sub_root);
++
++ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&stable_node->tree_node->sub_root) &&
++ remove_tree_node) {
++ rb_erase(&stable_node->tree_node->node,
++ root_stable_treep);
++ free_tree_node(stable_node->tree_node);
++ } else {
++ stable_node->tree_node->count--;
++ }
++ }
++
++ free_stable_node(stable_node);
++}
++
++
++/*
++ * get_uksm_page: checks if the page indicated by the stable node
++ * is still its ksm page, despite having held no reference to it.
++ * In which case we can trust the content of the page, and it
++ * returns the gotten page; but if the page has now been zapped,
++ * remove the stale node from the stable tree and return NULL.
++ *
++ * You would expect the stable_node to hold a reference to the ksm page.
++ * But if it increments the page's count, swapping out has to wait for
++ * ksmd to come around again before it can free the page, which may take
++ * seconds or even minutes: much too unresponsive. So instead we use a
++ * "keyhole reference": access to the ksm page from the stable node peeps
++ * out through its keyhole to see if that page still holds the right key,
++ * pointing back to this stable node. This relies on freeing a PageAnon
++ * page to reset its page->mapping to NULL, and relies on no other use of
++ * a page to put something that might look like our key in page->mapping.
++ *
++ * include/linux/pagemap.h page_cache_get_speculative() is a good reference,
++ * but this is different - made simpler by uksm_thread_mutex being held, but
++ * interesting for assuming that no other use of the struct page could ever
++ * put our expected_mapping into page->mapping (or a field of the union which
++ * coincides with page->mapping). The RCU calls are not for KSM at all, but
++ * to keep the page_count protocol described with page_cache_get_speculative.
++ *
++ * Note: it is possible that get_uksm_page() will return NULL one moment,
++ * then page the next, if the page is in between page_freeze_refs() and
++ * page_unfreeze_refs(): this shouldn't be a problem anywhere, the page
++ * is on its way to being freed; but it is an anomaly to bear in mind.
++ *
++ * @unlink_rb: if the removal of this node will firstly unlink from
++ * its rbtree. stable_node_reinsert will prevent this when restructuring the
++ * node from its old tree.
++ *
++ * @remove_tree_node: if this is the last one of its tree_node, will the
++ * tree_node be freed ? If we are inserting stable node, this tree_node may
++ * be reused, so don't free it.
++ */
++static struct page *get_uksm_page(struct stable_node *stable_node,
++ int unlink_rb, int remove_tree_node)
++{
++ struct page *page;
++ void *expected_mapping;
++ unsigned long kpfn;
++
++ expected_mapping = (void *)((unsigned long)stable_node |
++ PAGE_MAPPING_KSM);
++again:
++ kpfn = READ_ONCE(stable_node->kpfn);
++ page = pfn_to_page(kpfn);
++
++ /*
++ * page is computed from kpfn, so on most architectures reading
++ * page->mapping is naturally ordered after reading node->kpfn,
++ * but on Alpha we need to be more careful.
++ */
++ smp_rmb();
++
++ if (READ_ONCE(page->mapping) != expected_mapping)
++ goto stale;
++
++ /*
++ * We cannot do anything with the page while its refcount is 0.
++ * Usually 0 means free, or tail of a higher-order page: in which
++ * case this node is no longer referenced, and should be freed;
++ * however, it might mean that the page is under page_freeze_refs().
++ * The __remove_mapping() case is easy, again the node is now stale;
++ * but if page is swapcache in migrate_page_move_mapping(), it might
++ * still be our page, in which case it's essential to keep the node.
++ */
++ while (!get_page_unless_zero(page)) {
++ /*
++ * Another check for page->mapping != expected_mapping would
++ * work here too. We have chosen the !PageSwapCache test to
++ * optimize the common case, when the page is or is about to
++ * be freed: PageSwapCache is cleared (under spin_lock_irq)
++ * in the freeze_refs section of __remove_mapping(); but Anon
++ * page->mapping reset to NULL later, in free_pages_prepare().
++ */
++ if (!PageSwapCache(page))
++ goto stale;
++ cpu_relax();
++ }
++
++ if (READ_ONCE(page->mapping) != expected_mapping) {
++ put_page(page);
++ goto stale;
++ }
++
++ lock_page(page);
++ if (READ_ONCE(page->mapping) != expected_mapping) {
++ unlock_page(page);
++ put_page(page);
++ goto stale;
++ }
++ unlock_page(page);
++ return page;
++stale:
++ /*
++ * We come here from above when page->mapping or !PageSwapCache
++ * suggests that the node is stale; but it might be under migration.
++ * We need smp_rmb(), matching the smp_wmb() in ksm_migrate_page(),
++ * before checking whether node->kpfn has been changed.
++ */
++ smp_rmb();
++ if (stable_node->kpfn != kpfn)
++ goto again;
++
++ remove_node_from_stable_tree(stable_node, unlink_rb, remove_tree_node);
++
++ return NULL;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Removing rmap_item from stable or unstable tree.
++ * This function will clean the information from the stable/unstable tree.
++ */
++static inline void remove_rmap_item_from_tree(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
++{
++ if (rmap_item->address & STABLE_FLAG) {
++ struct stable_node *stable_node;
++ struct node_vma *node_vma;
++ struct page *page;
++
++ node_vma = rmap_item->head;
++ stable_node = node_vma->head;
++ page = get_uksm_page(stable_node, 1, 1);
++ if (!page)
++ goto out;
++
++ /*
++ * page lock is needed because it's racing with
++ * try_to_unmap_ksm(), etc.
++ */
++ lock_page(page);
++ hlist_del(&rmap_item->hlist);
++
++ if (hlist_empty(&node_vma->rmap_hlist)) {
++ hlist_del(&node_vma->hlist);
++ free_node_vma(node_vma);
++ }
++ unlock_page(page);
++
++ put_page(page);
++ if (hlist_empty(&stable_node->hlist)) {
++ /* do NOT call remove_node_from_stable_tree() here,
++ * it's possible for a forked rmap_item not in
++ * stable tree while the in-tree rmap_items were
++ * deleted.
++ */
++ uksm_pages_shared--;
++ } else
++ uksm_pages_sharing--;
++
++
++ uksm_drop_anon_vma(rmap_item);
++ } else if (rmap_item->address & UNSTABLE_FLAG) {
++ if (rmap_item->hash_round == uksm_hash_round) {
++
++ rb_erase(&rmap_item->node,
++ &rmap_item->tree_node->sub_root);
++ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&rmap_item->tree_node->sub_root)) {
++ rb_erase(&rmap_item->tree_node->node,
++ &root_unstable_tree);
++
++ free_tree_node(rmap_item->tree_node);
++ } else
++ rmap_item->tree_node->count--;
++ }
++ uksm_pages_unshared--;
++ }
++
++ rmap_item->address &= PAGE_MASK;
++ rmap_item->hash_max = 0;
++
++out:
++ cond_resched(); /* we're called from many long loops */
++}
++
++static inline int slot_in_uksm(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ return list_empty(&slot->slot_list);
++}
++
++/*
++ * Test if the mm is exiting
++ */
++static inline bool uksm_test_exit(struct mm_struct *mm)
++{
++ return atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) == 0;
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long vma_pool_size(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ return round_up(sizeof(struct rmap_list_entry) * slot->pages,
++ PAGE_SIZE) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
++}
++
++#define CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(x, delta) (U64_MAX - (x) < (delta))
++
++/* must be done with sem locked */
++static int slot_pool_alloc(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ unsigned long pool_size;
++
++ if (slot->rmap_list_pool)
++ return 0;
++
++ pool_size = vma_pool_size(slot);
++ slot->rmap_list_pool = kcalloc(pool_size, sizeof(struct page *),
++ GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!slot->rmap_list_pool)
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ slot->pool_counts = kcalloc(pool_size, sizeof(unsigned int),
++ GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!slot->pool_counts) {
++ kfree(slot->rmap_list_pool);
++ return -ENOMEM;
++ }
++
++ slot->pool_size = pool_size;
++ BUG_ON(CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(uksm_pages_total, slot->pages));
++ slot->flags |= UKSM_SLOT_IN_UKSM;
++ uksm_pages_total += slot->pages;
++
++ return 0;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Called after vma is unlinked from its mm
++ */
++void uksm_remove_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++
++ if (!vma->uksm_vma_slot)
++ return;
++
++ spin_lock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ slot = vma->uksm_vma_slot;
++ if (!slot)
++ goto out;
++
++ if (slot_in_uksm(slot)) {
++ /**
++ * This slot has been added by ksmd, so move to the del list
++ * waiting ksmd to free it.
++ */
++ list_add_tail(&slot->slot_list, &vma_slot_del);
++ } else {
++ /**
++ * It's still on new list. It's ok to free slot directly.
++ */
++ list_del(&slot->slot_list);
++ free_vma_slot(slot);
++ }
++out:
++ vma->uksm_vma_slot = NULL;
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++}
++
++/**
++ * Need to do two things:
++ * 1. check if slot was moved to del list
++ * 2. make sure the mmap_sem is manipulated under valid vma.
++ *
++ * My concern here is that in some cases, this may make
++ * vma_slot_list_lock() waiters to serialized further by some
++ * sem->wait_lock, can this really be expensive?
++ *
++ *
++ * @return
++ * 0: if successfully locked mmap_sem
++ * -ENOENT: this slot was moved to del list
++ * -EBUSY: vma lock failed
++ */
++static int try_down_read_slot_mmap_sem(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
++ struct mm_struct *mm;
++ struct rw_semaphore *sem;
++
++ spin_lock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++
++ /* the slot_list was removed and inited from new list, when it enters
++ * uksm_list. If now it's not empty, then it must be moved to del list
++ */
++ if (!slot_in_uksm(slot)) {
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ return -ENOENT;
++ }
++
++ BUG_ON(slot->pages != vma_pages(slot->vma));
++ /* Ok, vma still valid */
++ vma = slot->vma;
++ mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ sem = &mm->mmap_lock;
++
++ if (uksm_test_exit(mm)) {
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ return -ENOENT;
++ }
++
++ if (down_read_trylock(sem)) {
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ if (slot_pool_alloc(slot)) {
++ uksm_remove_vma(vma);
++ up_read(sem);
++ return -ENOENT;
++ }
++ return 0;
++ }
++
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ return -EBUSY;
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long
++vma_page_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
++{
++ pgoff_t pgoff = page->index;
++ unsigned long address;
++
++ address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT);
++ if (unlikely(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end)) {
++ /* page should be within @vma mapping range */
++ return -EFAULT;
++ }
++ return address;
++}
++
++
++/* return 0 on success with the item's mmap_sem locked */
++static inline int get_mergeable_page_lock_mmap(struct rmap_item *item)
++{
++ struct mm_struct *mm;
++ struct vma_slot *slot = item->slot;
++ int err = -EINVAL;
++
++ struct page *page;
++
++ /*
++ * try_down_read_slot_mmap_sem() returns non-zero if the slot
++ * has been removed by uksm_remove_vma().
++ */
++ if (try_down_read_slot_mmap_sem(slot))
++ return -EBUSY;
++
++ mm = slot->vma->vm_mm;
++
++ if (uksm_test_exit(mm))
++ goto failout_up;
++
++ page = item->page;
++ rcu_read_lock();
++ if (!get_page_unless_zero(page)) {
++ rcu_read_unlock();
++ goto failout_up;
++ }
++
++ /* No need to consider huge page here. */
++ if (item->slot->vma->anon_vma != page_anon_vma(page) ||
++ vma_page_address(page, item->slot->vma) != get_rmap_addr(item)) {
++ /*
++ * TODO:
++ * should we release this item becase of its stale page
++ * mapping?
++ */
++ put_page(page);
++ rcu_read_unlock();
++ goto failout_up;
++ }
++ rcu_read_unlock();
++ return 0;
++
++failout_up:
++ mmap_read_unlock(mm);
++ return err;
++}
++
++/*
++ * What kind of VMA is considered ?
++ */
++static inline int vma_can_enter(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
++{
++ return uksm_flags_can_scan(vma->vm_flags);
++}
++
++/*
++ * Called whenever a fresh new vma is created A new vma_slot.
++ * is created and inserted into a global list Must be called.
++ * after vma is inserted to its mm.
++ */
++void uksm_vma_add_new(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++
++ if (!vma_can_enter(vma)) {
++ vma->uksm_vma_slot = NULL;
++ return;
++ }
++
++ slot = alloc_vma_slot();
++ if (!slot) {
++ vma->uksm_vma_slot = NULL;
++ return;
++ }
++
++ vma->uksm_vma_slot = slot;
++ vma->vm_flags |= VM_MERGEABLE;
++ slot->vma = vma;
++ slot->mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ slot->ctime_j = jiffies;
++ slot->pages = vma_pages(vma);
++ spin_lock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ list_add_tail(&slot->slot_list, &vma_slot_new);
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++}
++
++/* 32/3 < they < 32/2 */
++#define shiftl 8
++#define shiftr 12
++
++#define HASH_FROM_TO(from, to) \
++for (index = from; index < to; index++) { \
++ pos = random_nums[index]; \
++ hash += key[pos]; \
++ hash += (hash << shiftl); \
++ hash ^= (hash >> shiftr); \
++}
++
++
++#define HASH_FROM_DOWN_TO(from, to) \
++for (index = from - 1; index >= to; index--) { \
++ hash ^= (hash >> shiftr); \
++ hash ^= (hash >> (shiftr*2)); \
++ hash -= (hash << shiftl); \
++ hash += (hash << (shiftl*2)); \
++ pos = random_nums[index]; \
++ hash -= key[pos]; \
++}
++
++/*
++ * The main random sample hash function.
++ */
++static u32 random_sample_hash(void *addr, u32 hash_strength)
++{
++ u32 hash = 0xdeadbeef;
++ int index, pos, loop = hash_strength;
++ u32 *key = (u32 *)addr;
++
++ if (loop > HASH_STRENGTH_FULL)
++ loop = HASH_STRENGTH_FULL;
++
++ HASH_FROM_TO(0, loop);
++
++ if (hash_strength > HASH_STRENGTH_FULL) {
++ loop = hash_strength - HASH_STRENGTH_FULL;
++ HASH_FROM_TO(0, loop);
++ }
++
++ return hash;
++}
++
++
++/**
++ * It's used when hash strength is adjusted
++ *
++ * @addr The page's virtual address
++ * @from The original hash strength
++ * @to The hash strength changed to
++ * @hash The hash value generated with "from" hash value
++ *
++ * return the hash value
++ */
++static u32 delta_hash(void *addr, int from, int to, u32 hash)
++{
++ u32 *key = (u32 *)addr;
++ int index, pos; /* make sure they are int type */
++
++ if (to > from) {
++ if (from >= HASH_STRENGTH_FULL) {
++ from -= HASH_STRENGTH_FULL;
++ to -= HASH_STRENGTH_FULL;
++ HASH_FROM_TO(from, to);
++ } else if (to <= HASH_STRENGTH_FULL) {
++ HASH_FROM_TO(from, to);
++ } else {
++ HASH_FROM_TO(from, HASH_STRENGTH_FULL);
++ HASH_FROM_TO(0, to - HASH_STRENGTH_FULL);
++ }
++ } else {
++ if (from <= HASH_STRENGTH_FULL) {
++ HASH_FROM_DOWN_TO(from, to);
++ } else if (to >= HASH_STRENGTH_FULL) {
++ from -= HASH_STRENGTH_FULL;
++ to -= HASH_STRENGTH_FULL;
++ HASH_FROM_DOWN_TO(from, to);
++ } else {
++ HASH_FROM_DOWN_TO(from - HASH_STRENGTH_FULL, 0);
++ HASH_FROM_DOWN_TO(HASH_STRENGTH_FULL, to);
++ }
++ }
++
++ return hash;
++}
++
++/**
++ *
++ * Called when: rshash_pos or rshash_neg is about to overflow or a scan round
++ * has finished.
++ *
++ * return 0 if no page has been scanned since last call, 1 otherwise.
++ */
++static inline int encode_benefit(void)
++{
++ u64 scanned_delta, pos_delta, neg_delta;
++ unsigned long base = benefit.base;
++
++ scanned_delta = uksm_pages_scanned - uksm_pages_scanned_last;
++
++ if (!scanned_delta)
++ return 0;
++
++ scanned_delta >>= base;
++ pos_delta = rshash_pos >> base;
++ neg_delta = rshash_neg >> base;
++
++ if (CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(benefit.pos, pos_delta) ||
++ CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(benefit.neg, neg_delta) ||
++ CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(benefit.scanned, scanned_delta)) {
++ benefit.scanned >>= 1;
++ benefit.neg >>= 1;
++ benefit.pos >>= 1;
++ benefit.base++;
++ scanned_delta >>= 1;
++ pos_delta >>= 1;
++ neg_delta >>= 1;
++ }
++
++ benefit.pos += pos_delta;
++ benefit.neg += neg_delta;
++ benefit.scanned += scanned_delta;
++
++ BUG_ON(!benefit.scanned);
++
++ rshash_pos = rshash_neg = 0;
++ uksm_pages_scanned_last = uksm_pages_scanned;
++
++ return 1;
++}
++
++static inline void reset_benefit(void)
++{
++ benefit.pos = 0;
++ benefit.neg = 0;
++ benefit.base = 0;
++ benefit.scanned = 0;
++}
++
++static inline void inc_rshash_pos(unsigned long delta)
++{
++ if (CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(rshash_pos, delta))
++ encode_benefit();
++
++ rshash_pos += delta;
++}
++
++static inline void inc_rshash_neg(unsigned long delta)
++{
++ if (CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(rshash_neg, delta))
++ encode_benefit();
++
++ rshash_neg += delta;
++}
++
++
++static inline u32 page_hash(struct page *page, unsigned long hash_strength,
++ int cost_accounting)
++{
++ u32 val;
++ unsigned long delta;
++
++ void *addr = kmap_atomic(page);
++
++ val = random_sample_hash(addr, hash_strength);
++ kunmap_atomic(addr);
++
++ if (cost_accounting) {
++ if (hash_strength < HASH_STRENGTH_FULL)
++ delta = HASH_STRENGTH_FULL - hash_strength;
++ else
++ delta = 0;
++
++ inc_rshash_pos(delta);
++ }
++
++ return val;
++}
++
++static int memcmp_pages_with_cost(struct page *page1, struct page *page2,
++ int cost_accounting)
++{
++ char *addr1, *addr2;
++ int ret;
++
++ addr1 = kmap_atomic(page1);
++ addr2 = kmap_atomic(page2);
++ ret = memcmp(addr1, addr2, PAGE_SIZE);
++ kunmap_atomic(addr2);
++ kunmap_atomic(addr1);
++
++ if (cost_accounting)
++ inc_rshash_neg(memcmp_cost);
++
++ return ret;
++}
++
++static inline int pages_identical_with_cost(struct page *page1, struct page *page2)
++{
++ return !memcmp_pages_with_cost(page1, page2, 0);
++}
++
++static inline int is_page_full_zero(struct page *page)
++{
++ char *addr;
++ int ret;
++
++ addr = kmap_atomic(page);
++ ret = is_full_zero(addr, PAGE_SIZE);
++ kunmap_atomic(addr);
++
++ return ret;
++}
++
++static int write_protect_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page,
++ pte_t *orig_pte, pte_t *old_pte)
++{
++ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ struct page_vma_mapped_walk pvmw = {
++ .page = page,
++ .vma = vma,
++ };
++ struct mmu_notifier_range range;
++ int swapped;
++ int err = -EFAULT;
++
++ pvmw.address = page_address_in_vma(page, vma);
++ if (pvmw.address == -EFAULT)
++ goto out;
++
++ BUG_ON(PageTransCompound(page));
++
++ mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, pvmw.address,
++ pvmw.address + PAGE_SIZE);
++ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range);
++
++ if (!page_vma_mapped_walk(&pvmw))
++ goto out_mn;
++ if (WARN_ONCE(!pvmw.pte, "Unexpected PMD mapping?"))
++ goto out_unlock;
++
++ if (old_pte)
++ *old_pte = *pvmw.pte;
++
++ if (pte_write(*pvmw.pte) || pte_dirty(*pvmw.pte) ||
++ (pte_protnone(*pvmw.pte) && pte_savedwrite(*pvmw.pte)) || mm_tlb_flush_pending(mm)) {
++ pte_t entry;
++
++ swapped = PageSwapCache(page);
++ flush_cache_page(vma, pvmw.address, page_to_pfn(page));
++ /*
++ * Ok this is tricky, when get_user_pages_fast() run it doesn't
++ * take any lock, therefore the check that we are going to make
++ * with the pagecount against the mapcount is racey and
++ * O_DIRECT can happen right after the check.
++ * So we clear the pte and flush the tlb before the check
++ * this assure us that no O_DIRECT can happen after the check
++ * or in the middle of the check.
++ */
++ entry = ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte);
++ /*
++ * Check that no O_DIRECT or similar I/O is in progress on the
++ * page
++ */
++ if (page_mapcount(page) + 1 + swapped != page_count(page)) {
++ set_pte_at(mm, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte, entry);
++ goto out_unlock;
++ }
++ if (pte_dirty(entry))
++ set_page_dirty(page);
++
++ if (pte_protnone(entry))
++ entry = pte_mkclean(pte_clear_savedwrite(entry));
++ else
++ entry = pte_mkclean(pte_wrprotect(entry));
++
++ set_pte_at_notify(mm, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte, entry);
++ }
++ *orig_pte = *pvmw.pte;
++ err = 0;
++
++out_unlock:
++ page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw);
++out_mn:
++ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range);
++out:
++ return err;
++}
++
++#define MERGE_ERR_PGERR 1 /* the page is invalid cannot continue */
++#define MERGE_ERR_COLLI 2 /* there is a collision */
++#define MERGE_ERR_COLLI_MAX 3 /* collision at the max hash strength */
++#define MERGE_ERR_CHANGED 4 /* the page has changed since last hash */
++
++
++/**
++ * replace_page - replace page in vma by new ksm page
++ * @vma: vma that holds the pte pointing to page
++ * @page: the page we are replacing by kpage
++ * @kpage: the ksm page we replace page by
++ * @orig_pte: the original value of the pte
++ *
++ * Returns 0 on success, MERGE_ERR_PGERR on failure.
++ */
++static int replace_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page,
++ struct page *kpage, pte_t orig_pte)
++{
++ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ struct mmu_notifier_range range;
++ pgd_t *pgd;
++ p4d_t *p4d;
++ pud_t *pud;
++ pmd_t *pmd;
++ pte_t *ptep;
++ spinlock_t *ptl;
++ pte_t entry;
++
++ unsigned long addr;
++ int err = MERGE_ERR_PGERR;
++
++ addr = page_address_in_vma(page, vma);
++ if (addr == -EFAULT)
++ goto out;
++
++ pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
++ if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
++ goto out;
++
++ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr);
++ pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
++ if (!pud_present(*pud))
++ goto out;
++
++ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
++ BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd));
++ if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
++ goto out;
++
++ mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, addr,
++ addr + PAGE_SIZE);
++ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range);
++
++ ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
++ if (!pte_same(*ptep, orig_pte)) {
++ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
++ goto out_mn;
++ }
++
++ flush_cache_page(vma, addr, pte_pfn(*ptep));
++ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, addr, ptep);
++ entry = mk_pte(kpage, vma->vm_page_prot);
++
++ /* special treatment is needed for zero_page */
++ if ((page_to_pfn(kpage) == uksm_zero_pfn) ||
++ (page_to_pfn(kpage) == zero_pfn)) {
++ entry = pte_mkspecial(entry);
++ dec_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
++ inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_UKSM_ZERO_PAGES);
++ } else {
++ get_page(kpage);
++ page_add_anon_rmap(kpage, vma, addr, false);
++ }
++
++ set_pte_at_notify(mm, addr, ptep, entry);
++
++ page_remove_rmap(page, false);
++ if (!page_mapped(page))
++ try_to_free_swap(page);
++ put_page(page);
++
++ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
++ err = 0;
++out_mn:
++ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range);
++out:
++ return err;
++}
++
++
++/**
++ * Fully hash a page with HASH_STRENGTH_MAX return a non-zero hash value. The
++ * zero hash value at HASH_STRENGTH_MAX is used to indicated that its
++ * hash_max member has not been calculated.
++ *
++ * @page The page needs to be hashed
++ * @hash_old The hash value calculated with current hash strength
++ *
++ * return the new hash value calculated at HASH_STRENGTH_MAX
++ */
++static inline u32 page_hash_max(struct page *page, u32 hash_old)
++{
++ u32 hash_max = 0;
++ void *addr;
++
++ addr = kmap_atomic(page);
++ hash_max = delta_hash(addr, hash_strength,
++ HASH_STRENGTH_MAX, hash_old);
++
++ kunmap_atomic(addr);
++
++ if (!hash_max)
++ hash_max = 1;
++
++ inc_rshash_neg(HASH_STRENGTH_MAX - hash_strength);
++ return hash_max;
++}
++
++/*
++ * We compare the hash again, to ensure that it is really a hash collision
++ * instead of being caused by page write.
++ */
++static inline int check_collision(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ u32 hash)
++{
++ int err;
++ struct page *page = rmap_item->page;
++
++ /* if this rmap_item has already been hash_maxed, then the collision
++ * must appears in the second-level rbtree search. In this case we check
++ * if its hash_max value has been changed. Otherwise, the collision
++ * happens in the first-level rbtree search, so we check against it's
++ * current hash value.
++ */
++ if (rmap_item->hash_max) {
++ inc_rshash_neg(memcmp_cost);
++ inc_rshash_neg(HASH_STRENGTH_MAX - hash_strength);
++
++ if (rmap_item->hash_max == page_hash_max(page, hash))
++ err = MERGE_ERR_COLLI;
++ else
++ err = MERGE_ERR_CHANGED;
++ } else {
++ inc_rshash_neg(memcmp_cost + hash_strength);
++
++ if (page_hash(page, hash_strength, 0) == hash)
++ err = MERGE_ERR_COLLI;
++ else
++ err = MERGE_ERR_CHANGED;
++ }
++
++ return err;
++}
++
++/**
++ * Try to merge a rmap_item.page with a kpage in stable node. kpage must
++ * already be a ksm page.
++ *
++ * @return 0 if the pages were merged, -EFAULT otherwise.
++ */
++static int try_to_merge_with_uksm_page(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ struct page *kpage, u32 hash)
++{
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma = rmap_item->slot->vma;
++ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ pte_t orig_pte = __pte(0);
++ int err = MERGE_ERR_PGERR;
++ struct page *page;
++
++ if (uksm_test_exit(mm))
++ goto out;
++
++ page = rmap_item->page;
++
++ if (page == kpage) { /* ksm page forked */
++ err = 0;
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ /*
++ * We need the page lock to read a stable PageSwapCache in
++ * write_protect_page(). We use trylock_page() instead of
++ * lock_page() because we don't want to wait here - we
++ * prefer to continue scanning and merging different pages,
++ * then come back to this page when it is unlocked.
++ */
++ if (!trylock_page(page))
++ goto out;
++
++ if (!PageAnon(page) || !PageKsm(kpage))
++ goto out_unlock;
++
++ if (PageTransCompound(page)) {
++ err = split_huge_page(page);
++ if (err)
++ goto out_unlock;
++ }
++
++ /*
++ * If this anonymous page is mapped only here, its pte may need
++ * to be write-protected. If it's mapped elsewhere, all of its
++ * ptes are necessarily already write-protected. But in either
++ * case, we need to lock and check page_count is not raised.
++ */
++ if (write_protect_page(vma, page, &orig_pte, NULL) == 0) {
++ if (pages_identical_with_cost(page, kpage))
++ err = replace_page(vma, page, kpage, orig_pte);
++ else
++ err = check_collision(rmap_item, hash);
++ }
++
++ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) && kpage && !err) {
++ munlock_vma_page(page);
++ if (!PageMlocked(kpage)) {
++ unlock_page(page);
++ lock_page(kpage);
++ mlock_vma_page(kpage);
++ page = kpage; /* for final unlock */
++ }
++ }
++
++out_unlock:
++ unlock_page(page);
++out:
++ return err;
++}
++
++
++
++/**
++ * If two pages fail to merge in try_to_merge_two_pages, then we have a chance
++ * to restore a page mapping that has been changed in try_to_merge_two_pages.
++ *
++ * @return 0 on success.
++ */
++static int restore_uksm_page_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
++ pte_t orig_pte, pte_t wprt_pte)
++{
++ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ pgd_t *pgd;
++ p4d_t *p4d;
++ pud_t *pud;
++ pmd_t *pmd;
++ pte_t *ptep;
++ spinlock_t *ptl;
++
++ int err = -EFAULT;
++
++ pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
++ if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
++ goto out;
++
++ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr);
++ pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
++ if (!pud_present(*pud))
++ goto out;
++
++ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
++ if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
++ goto out;
++
++ ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
++ if (!pte_same(*ptep, wprt_pte)) {
++ /* already copied, let it be */
++ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ /*
++ * Good boy, still here. When we still get the ksm page, it does not
++ * return to the free page pool, there is no way that a pte was changed
++ * to other page and gets back to this page. And remind that ksm page
++ * do not reuse in do_wp_page(). So it's safe to restore the original
++ * pte.
++ */
++ flush_cache_page(vma, addr, pte_pfn(*ptep));
++ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, addr, ptep);
++ set_pte_at_notify(mm, addr, ptep, orig_pte);
++
++ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
++ err = 0;
++out:
++ return err;
++}
++
++/**
++ * try_to_merge_two_pages() - take two identical pages and prepare
++ * them to be merged into one page(rmap_item->page)
++ *
++ * @return 0 if we successfully merged two identical pages into
++ * one ksm page. MERGE_ERR_COLLI if it's only a hash collision
++ * search in rbtree. MERGE_ERR_CHANGED if rmap_item has been
++ * changed since it's hashed. MERGE_ERR_PGERR otherwise.
++ *
++ */
++static int try_to_merge_two_pages(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ struct rmap_item *tree_rmap_item,
++ u32 hash)
++{
++ pte_t orig_pte1 = __pte(0), orig_pte2 = __pte(0);
++ pte_t wprt_pte1 = __pte(0), wprt_pte2 = __pte(0);
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma1 = rmap_item->slot->vma;
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma2 = tree_rmap_item->slot->vma;
++ struct page *page = rmap_item->page;
++ struct page *tree_page = tree_rmap_item->page;
++ int err = MERGE_ERR_PGERR;
++ struct address_space *saved_mapping;
++
++
++ if (rmap_item->page == tree_rmap_item->page)
++ goto out;
++
++ if (!trylock_page(page))
++ goto out;
++
++ if (!PageAnon(page))
++ goto out_unlock;
++
++ if (PageTransCompound(page)) {
++ err = split_huge_page(page);
++ if (err)
++ goto out_unlock;
++ }
++
++ if (write_protect_page(vma1, page, &wprt_pte1, &orig_pte1) != 0) {
++ unlock_page(page);
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ /*
++ * While we hold page lock, upgrade page from
++ * PageAnon+anon_vma to PageKsm+NULL stable_node:
++ * stable_tree_insert() will update stable_node.
++ */
++ saved_mapping = page->mapping;
++ set_page_stable_node(page, NULL);
++ mark_page_accessed(page);
++ if (!PageDirty(page))
++ SetPageDirty(page);
++
++ unlock_page(page);
++
++ if (!trylock_page(tree_page))
++ goto restore_out;
++
++ if (!PageAnon(tree_page)) {
++ unlock_page(tree_page);
++ goto restore_out;
++ }
++
++ if (PageTransCompound(tree_page)) {
++ err = split_huge_page(tree_page);
++ if (err) {
++ unlock_page(tree_page);
++ goto restore_out;
++ }
++ }
++
++ if (write_protect_page(vma2, tree_page, &wprt_pte2, &orig_pte2) != 0) {
++ unlock_page(tree_page);
++ goto restore_out;
++ }
++
++ if (pages_identical_with_cost(page, tree_page)) {
++ err = replace_page(vma2, tree_page, page, wprt_pte2);
++ if (err) {
++ unlock_page(tree_page);
++ goto restore_out;
++ }
++
++ if ((vma2->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
++ munlock_vma_page(tree_page);
++ if (!PageMlocked(page)) {
++ unlock_page(tree_page);
++ lock_page(page);
++ mlock_vma_page(page);
++ tree_page = page; /* for final unlock */
++ }
++ }
++
++ unlock_page(tree_page);
++
++ goto out; /* success */
++
++ } else {
++ if (tree_rmap_item->hash_max &&
++ tree_rmap_item->hash_max == rmap_item->hash_max) {
++ err = MERGE_ERR_COLLI_MAX;
++ } else if (page_hash(page, hash_strength, 0) ==
++ page_hash(tree_page, hash_strength, 0)) {
++ inc_rshash_neg(memcmp_cost + hash_strength * 2);
++ err = MERGE_ERR_COLLI;
++ } else {
++ err = MERGE_ERR_CHANGED;
++ }
++
++ unlock_page(tree_page);
++ }
++
++restore_out:
++ lock_page(page);
++ if (!restore_uksm_page_pte(vma1, get_rmap_addr(rmap_item),
++ orig_pte1, wprt_pte1))
++ page->mapping = saved_mapping;
++
++out_unlock:
++ unlock_page(page);
++out:
++ return err;
++}
++
++static inline int hash_cmp(u32 new_val, u32 node_val)
++{
++ if (new_val > node_val)
++ return 1;
++ else if (new_val < node_val)
++ return -1;
++ else
++ return 0;
++}
++
++static inline u32 rmap_item_hash_max(struct rmap_item *item, u32 hash)
++{
++ u32 hash_max = item->hash_max;
++
++ if (!hash_max) {
++ hash_max = page_hash_max(item->page, hash);
++
++ item->hash_max = hash_max;
++ }
++
++ return hash_max;
++}
++
++
++
++/**
++ * stable_tree_search() - search the stable tree for a page
++ *
++ * @item: the rmap_item we are comparing with
++ * @hash: the hash value of this item->page already calculated
++ *
++ * @return the page we have found, NULL otherwise. The page returned has
++ * been gotten.
++ */
++static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct rmap_item *item, u32 hash)
++{
++ struct rb_node *node = root_stable_treep->rb_node;
++ struct tree_node *tree_node;
++ unsigned long hash_max;
++ struct page *page = item->page;
++ struct stable_node *stable_node;
++
++ stable_node = page_stable_node(page);
++ if (stable_node) {
++ /* ksm page forked, that is
++ * if (PageKsm(page) && !in_stable_tree(rmap_item))
++ * it's actually gotten once outside.
++ */
++ get_page(page);
++ return page;
++ }
++
++ while (node) {
++ int cmp;
++
++ tree_node = rb_entry(node, struct tree_node, node);
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash, tree_node->hash);
++
++ if (cmp < 0)
++ node = node->rb_left;
++ else if (cmp > 0)
++ node = node->rb_right;
++ else
++ break;
++ }
++
++ if (!node)
++ return NULL;
++
++ if (tree_node->count == 1) {
++ stable_node = rb_entry(tree_node->sub_root.rb_node,
++ struct stable_node, node);
++ BUG_ON(!stable_node);
++
++ goto get_page_out;
++ }
++
++ /*
++ * ok, we have to search the second
++ * level subtree, hash the page to a
++ * full strength.
++ */
++ node = tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++ BUG_ON(!node);
++ hash_max = rmap_item_hash_max(item, hash);
++
++ while (node) {
++ int cmp;
++
++ stable_node = rb_entry(node, struct stable_node, node);
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash_max, stable_node->hash_max);
++
++ if (cmp < 0)
++ node = node->rb_left;
++ else if (cmp > 0)
++ node = node->rb_right;
++ else
++ goto get_page_out;
++ }
++
++ return NULL;
++
++get_page_out:
++ page = get_uksm_page(stable_node, 1, 1);
++ return page;
++}
++
++static int try_merge_rmap_item(struct rmap_item *item,
++ struct page *kpage,
++ struct page *tree_page)
++{
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma = item->slot->vma;
++ struct page_vma_mapped_walk pvmw = {
++ .page = kpage,
++ .vma = vma,
++ };
++
++ pvmw.address = get_rmap_addr(item);
++ if (!page_vma_mapped_walk(&pvmw))
++ return 0;
++
++ if (pte_write(*pvmw.pte)) {
++ /* has changed, abort! */
++ page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw);
++ return 0;
++ }
++
++ get_page(tree_page);
++ page_add_anon_rmap(tree_page, vma, pvmw.address, false);
++
++ flush_cache_page(vma, pvmw.address, page_to_pfn(kpage));
++ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte);
++ set_pte_at_notify(vma->vm_mm, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte,
++ mk_pte(tree_page, vma->vm_page_prot));
++
++ page_remove_rmap(kpage, false);
++ put_page(kpage);
++
++ page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw);
++
++ return 1;
++}
++
++/**
++ * try_to_merge_with_stable_page() - when two rmap_items need to be inserted
++ * into stable tree, the page was found to be identical to a stable ksm page,
++ * this is the last chance we can merge them into one.
++ *
++ * @item1: the rmap_item holding the page which we wanted to insert
++ * into stable tree.
++ * @item2: the other rmap_item we found when unstable tree search
++ * @oldpage: the page currently mapped by the two rmap_items
++ * @tree_page: the page we found identical in stable tree node
++ * @success1: return if item1 is successfully merged
++ * @success2: return if item2 is successfully merged
++ */
++static void try_merge_with_stable(struct rmap_item *item1,
++ struct rmap_item *item2,
++ struct page **kpage,
++ struct page *tree_page,
++ int *success1, int *success2)
++{
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma1 = item1->slot->vma;
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma2 = item2->slot->vma;
++ *success1 = 0;
++ *success2 = 0;
++
++ if (unlikely(*kpage == tree_page)) {
++ /* I don't think this can really happen */
++ pr_warn("UKSM: unexpected condition detected in "
++ "%s -- *kpage == tree_page !\n", __func__);
++ *success1 = 1;
++ *success2 = 1;
++ return;
++ }
++
++ if (!PageAnon(*kpage) || !PageKsm(*kpage))
++ goto failed;
++
++ if (!trylock_page(tree_page))
++ goto failed;
++
++ /* If the oldpage is still ksm and still pointed
++ * to in the right place, and still write protected,
++ * we are confident it's not changed, no need to
++ * memcmp anymore.
++ * be ware, we cannot take nested pte locks,
++ * deadlock risk.
++ */
++ if (!try_merge_rmap_item(item1, *kpage, tree_page))
++ goto unlock_failed;
++
++ /* ok, then vma2, remind that pte1 already set */
++ if (!try_merge_rmap_item(item2, *kpage, tree_page))
++ goto success_1;
++
++ *success2 = 1;
++success_1:
++ *success1 = 1;
++
++
++ if ((*success1 && vma1->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) ||
++ (*success2 && vma2->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
++ munlock_vma_page(*kpage);
++ if (!PageMlocked(tree_page))
++ mlock_vma_page(tree_page);
++ }
++
++ /*
++ * We do not need oldpage any more in the caller, so can break the lock
++ * now.
++ */
++ unlock_page(*kpage);
++ *kpage = tree_page; /* Get unlocked outside. */
++ return;
++
++unlock_failed:
++ unlock_page(tree_page);
++failed:
++ return;
++}
++
++static inline void stable_node_hash_max(struct stable_node *node,
++ struct page *page, u32 hash)
++{
++ u32 hash_max = node->hash_max;
++
++ if (!hash_max) {
++ hash_max = page_hash_max(page, hash);
++ node->hash_max = hash_max;
++ }
++}
++
++static inline
++struct stable_node *new_stable_node(struct tree_node *tree_node,
++ struct page *kpage, u32 hash_max)
++{
++ struct stable_node *new_stable_node;
++
++ new_stable_node = alloc_stable_node();
++ if (!new_stable_node)
++ return NULL;
++
++ new_stable_node->kpfn = page_to_pfn(kpage);
++ new_stable_node->hash_max = hash_max;
++ new_stable_node->tree_node = tree_node;
++ set_page_stable_node(kpage, new_stable_node);
++
++ return new_stable_node;
++}
++
++static inline
++struct stable_node *first_level_insert(struct tree_node *tree_node,
++ struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ struct rmap_item *tree_rmap_item,
++ struct page **kpage, u32 hash,
++ int *success1, int *success2)
++{
++ int cmp;
++ struct page *tree_page;
++ u32 hash_max = 0;
++ struct stable_node *stable_node, *new_snode;
++ struct rb_node *parent = NULL, **new;
++
++ /* this tree node contains no sub-tree yet */
++ stable_node = rb_entry(tree_node->sub_root.rb_node,
++ struct stable_node, node);
++
++ tree_page = get_uksm_page(stable_node, 1, 0);
++ if (tree_page) {
++ cmp = memcmp_pages_with_cost(*kpage, tree_page, 1);
++ if (!cmp) {
++ try_merge_with_stable(rmap_item, tree_rmap_item, kpage,
++ tree_page, success1, success2);
++ put_page(tree_page);
++ if (!*success1 && !*success2)
++ goto failed;
++
++ return stable_node;
++
++ } else {
++ /*
++ * collision in first level try to create a subtree.
++ * A new node need to be created.
++ */
++ put_page(tree_page);
++
++ stable_node_hash_max(stable_node, tree_page,
++ tree_node->hash);
++ hash_max = rmap_item_hash_max(rmap_item, hash);
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash_max, stable_node->hash_max);
++
++ parent = &stable_node->node;
++ if (cmp < 0)
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ else if (cmp > 0)
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ else
++ goto failed;
++ }
++
++ } else {
++ /* the only stable_node deleted, we reuse its tree_node.
++ */
++ parent = NULL;
++ new = &tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++ }
++
++ new_snode = new_stable_node(tree_node, *kpage, hash_max);
++ if (!new_snode)
++ goto failed;
++
++ rb_link_node(&new_snode->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&new_snode->node, &tree_node->sub_root);
++ tree_node->count++;
++ *success1 = *success2 = 1;
++
++ return new_snode;
++
++failed:
++ return NULL;
++}
++
++static inline
++struct stable_node *stable_subtree_insert(struct tree_node *tree_node,
++ struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ struct rmap_item *tree_rmap_item,
++ struct page **kpage, u32 hash,
++ int *success1, int *success2)
++{
++ struct page *tree_page;
++ u32 hash_max;
++ struct stable_node *stable_node, *new_snode;
++ struct rb_node *parent, **new;
++
++research:
++ parent = NULL;
++ new = &tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++ BUG_ON(!*new);
++ hash_max = rmap_item_hash_max(rmap_item, hash);
++ while (*new) {
++ int cmp;
++
++ stable_node = rb_entry(*new, struct stable_node, node);
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash_max, stable_node->hash_max);
++
++ if (cmp < 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ } else if (cmp > 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ } else {
++ tree_page = get_uksm_page(stable_node, 1, 0);
++ if (tree_page) {
++ cmp = memcmp_pages_with_cost(*kpage, tree_page, 1);
++ if (!cmp) {
++ try_merge_with_stable(rmap_item,
++ tree_rmap_item, kpage,
++ tree_page, success1, success2);
++
++ put_page(tree_page);
++ if (!*success1 && !*success2)
++ goto failed;
++ /*
++ * successfully merged with a stable
++ * node
++ */
++ return stable_node;
++ } else {
++ put_page(tree_page);
++ goto failed;
++ }
++ } else {
++ /*
++ * stable node may be deleted,
++ * and subtree maybe
++ * restructed, cannot
++ * continue, research it.
++ */
++ if (tree_node->count) {
++ goto research;
++ } else {
++ /* reuse the tree node*/
++ parent = NULL;
++ new = &tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++ }
++ }
++ }
++ }
++
++ new_snode = new_stable_node(tree_node, *kpage, hash_max);
++ if (!new_snode)
++ goto failed;
++
++ rb_link_node(&new_snode->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&new_snode->node, &tree_node->sub_root);
++ tree_node->count++;
++ *success1 = *success2 = 1;
++
++ return new_snode;
++
++failed:
++ return NULL;
++}
++
++
++/**
++ * stable_tree_insert() - try to insert a merged page in unstable tree to
++ * the stable tree
++ *
++ * @kpage: the page need to be inserted
++ * @hash: the current hash of this page
++ * @rmap_item: the rmap_item being scanned
++ * @tree_rmap_item: the rmap_item found on unstable tree
++ * @success1: return if rmap_item is merged
++ * @success2: return if tree_rmap_item is merged
++ *
++ * @return the stable_node on stable tree if at least one
++ * rmap_item is inserted into stable tree, NULL
++ * otherwise.
++ */
++static struct stable_node *
++stable_tree_insert(struct page **kpage, u32 hash,
++ struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ struct rmap_item *tree_rmap_item,
++ int *success1, int *success2)
++{
++ struct rb_node **new = &root_stable_treep->rb_node;
++ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
++ struct stable_node *stable_node;
++ struct tree_node *tree_node;
++ u32 hash_max = 0;
++
++ *success1 = *success2 = 0;
++
++ while (*new) {
++ int cmp;
++
++ tree_node = rb_entry(*new, struct tree_node, node);
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash, tree_node->hash);
++
++ if (cmp < 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ } else if (cmp > 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ } else
++ break;
++ }
++
++ if (*new) {
++ if (tree_node->count == 1) {
++ stable_node = first_level_insert(tree_node, rmap_item,
++ tree_rmap_item, kpage,
++ hash, success1, success2);
++ } else {
++ stable_node = stable_subtree_insert(tree_node,
++ rmap_item, tree_rmap_item, kpage,
++ hash, success1, success2);
++ }
++ } else {
++
++ /* no tree node found */
++ tree_node = alloc_tree_node(stable_tree_node_listp);
++ if (!tree_node) {
++ stable_node = NULL;
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ stable_node = new_stable_node(tree_node, *kpage, hash_max);
++ if (!stable_node) {
++ free_tree_node(tree_node);
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ tree_node->hash = hash;
++ rb_link_node(&tree_node->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&tree_node->node, root_stable_treep);
++ parent = NULL;
++ new = &tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++
++ rb_link_node(&stable_node->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&stable_node->node, &tree_node->sub_root);
++ tree_node->count++;
++ *success1 = *success2 = 1;
++ }
++
++out:
++ return stable_node;
++}
++
++
++/**
++ * get_tree_rmap_item_page() - try to get the page and lock the mmap_sem
++ *
++ * @return 0 on success, -EBUSY if unable to lock the mmap_sem,
++ * -EINVAL if the page mapping has been changed.
++ */
++static inline int get_tree_rmap_item_page(struct rmap_item *tree_rmap_item)
++{
++ int err;
++
++ err = get_mergeable_page_lock_mmap(tree_rmap_item);
++
++ if (err == -EINVAL) {
++ /* its page map has been changed, remove it */
++ remove_rmap_item_from_tree(tree_rmap_item);
++ }
++
++ /* The page is gotten and mmap_sem is locked now. */
++ return err;
++}
++
++
++/**
++ * unstable_tree_search_insert() - search an unstable tree rmap_item with the
++ * same hash value. Get its page and trylock the mmap_sem
++ */
++static inline
++struct rmap_item *unstable_tree_search_insert(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ u32 hash)
++
++{
++ struct rb_node **new = &root_unstable_tree.rb_node;
++ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
++ struct tree_node *tree_node;
++ u32 hash_max;
++ struct rmap_item *tree_rmap_item;
++
++ while (*new) {
++ int cmp;
++
++ tree_node = rb_entry(*new, struct tree_node, node);
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash, tree_node->hash);
++
++ if (cmp < 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ } else if (cmp > 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ } else
++ break;
++ }
++
++ if (*new) {
++ /* got the tree_node */
++ if (tree_node->count == 1) {
++ tree_rmap_item = rb_entry(tree_node->sub_root.rb_node,
++ struct rmap_item, node);
++ BUG_ON(!tree_rmap_item);
++
++ goto get_page_out;
++ }
++
++ /* well, search the collision subtree */
++ new = &tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++ BUG_ON(!*new);
++ hash_max = rmap_item_hash_max(rmap_item, hash);
++
++ while (*new) {
++ int cmp;
++
++ tree_rmap_item = rb_entry(*new, struct rmap_item,
++ node);
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash_max, tree_rmap_item->hash_max);
++ parent = *new;
++ if (cmp < 0)
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ else if (cmp > 0)
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ else
++ goto get_page_out;
++ }
++ } else {
++ /* alloc a new tree_node */
++ tree_node = alloc_tree_node(&unstable_tree_node_list);
++ if (!tree_node)
++ return NULL;
++
++ tree_node->hash = hash;
++ rb_link_node(&tree_node->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&tree_node->node, &root_unstable_tree);
++ parent = NULL;
++ new = &tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++ }
++
++ /* did not found even in sub-tree */
++ rmap_item->tree_node = tree_node;
++ rmap_item->address |= UNSTABLE_FLAG;
++ rmap_item->hash_round = uksm_hash_round;
++ rb_link_node(&rmap_item->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&rmap_item->node, &tree_node->sub_root);
++
++ uksm_pages_unshared++;
++ return NULL;
++
++get_page_out:
++ if (tree_rmap_item->page == rmap_item->page)
++ return NULL;
++
++ if (get_tree_rmap_item_page(tree_rmap_item))
++ return NULL;
++
++ return tree_rmap_item;
++}
++
++static void hold_anon_vma(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
++{
++ rmap_item->anon_vma = anon_vma;
++ get_anon_vma(anon_vma);
++}
++
++
++/**
++ * stable_tree_append() - append a rmap_item to a stable node. Deduplication
++ * ratio statistics is done in this function.
++ *
++ */
++static void stable_tree_append(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
++ struct stable_node *stable_node, int logdedup)
++{
++ struct node_vma *node_vma = NULL, *new_node_vma, *node_vma_cont = NULL;
++ unsigned long key = (unsigned long)rmap_item->slot;
++ unsigned long factor = rmap_item->slot->rung->step;
++
++ BUG_ON(!stable_node);
++ rmap_item->address |= STABLE_FLAG;
++
++ if (hlist_empty(&stable_node->hlist)) {
++ uksm_pages_shared++;
++ goto node_vma_new;
++ } else {
++ uksm_pages_sharing++;
++ }
++
++ hlist_for_each_entry(node_vma, &stable_node->hlist, hlist) {
++ if (node_vma->key >= key)
++ break;
++
++ if (logdedup) {
++ node_vma->slot->pages_bemerged += factor;
++ if (list_empty(&node_vma->slot->dedup_list))
++ list_add(&node_vma->slot->dedup_list,
++ &vma_slot_dedup);
++ }
++ }
++
++ if (node_vma) {
++ if (node_vma->key == key) {
++ node_vma_cont = hlist_entry_safe(node_vma->hlist.next, struct node_vma, hlist);
++ goto node_vma_ok;
++ } else if (node_vma->key > key) {
++ node_vma_cont = node_vma;
++ }
++ }
++
++node_vma_new:
++ /* no same vma already in node, alloc a new node_vma */
++ new_node_vma = alloc_node_vma();
++ BUG_ON(!new_node_vma);
++ new_node_vma->head = stable_node;
++ new_node_vma->slot = rmap_item->slot;
++
++ if (!node_vma) {
++ hlist_add_head(&new_node_vma->hlist, &stable_node->hlist);
++ } else if (node_vma->key != key) {
++ if (node_vma->key < key)
++ hlist_add_behind(&new_node_vma->hlist, &node_vma->hlist);
++ else {
++ hlist_add_before(&new_node_vma->hlist,
++ &node_vma->hlist);
++ }
++
++ }
++ node_vma = new_node_vma;
++
++node_vma_ok: /* ok, ready to add to the list */
++ rmap_item->head = node_vma;
++ hlist_add_head(&rmap_item->hlist, &node_vma->rmap_hlist);
++ hold_anon_vma(rmap_item, rmap_item->slot->vma->anon_vma);
++ if (logdedup) {
++ rmap_item->slot->pages_merged++;
++ if (node_vma_cont) {
++ node_vma = node_vma_cont;
++ hlist_for_each_entry_continue(node_vma, hlist) {
++ node_vma->slot->pages_bemerged += factor;
++ if (list_empty(&node_vma->slot->dedup_list))
++ list_add(&node_vma->slot->dedup_list,
++ &vma_slot_dedup);
++ }
++ }
++ }
++}
++
++/*
++ * We use break_ksm to break COW on a ksm page: it's a stripped down
++ *
++ * if (get_user_pages(addr, 1, 1, 1, &page, NULL) == 1)
++ * put_page(page);
++ *
++ * but taking great care only to touch a ksm page, in a VM_MERGEABLE vma,
++ * in case the application has unmapped and remapped mm,addr meanwhile.
++ * Could a ksm page appear anywhere else? Actually yes, in a VM_PFNMAP
++ * mmap of /dev/mem or /dev/kmem, where we would not want to touch it.
++ */
++static int break_ksm(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
++{
++ struct page *page;
++ int ret = 0;
++
++ do {
++ cond_resched();
++ page = follow_page(vma, addr, FOLL_GET | FOLL_MIGRATION | FOLL_REMOTE);
++ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(page))
++ break;
++ if (PageKsm(page)) {
++ ret = handle_mm_fault(vma, addr,
++ FAULT_FLAG_WRITE | FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE,
++ NULL);
++ } else
++ ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE;
++ put_page(page);
++ } while (!(ret & (VM_FAULT_WRITE | VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV | VM_FAULT_OOM)));
++ /*
++ * We must loop because handle_mm_fault() may back out if there's
++ * any difficulty e.g. if pte accessed bit gets updated concurrently.
++ *
++ * VM_FAULT_WRITE is what we have been hoping for: it indicates that
++ * COW has been broken, even if the vma does not permit VM_WRITE;
++ * but note that a concurrent fault might break PageKsm for us.
++ *
++ * VM_FAULT_SIGBUS could occur if we race with truncation of the
++ * backing file, which also invalidates anonymous pages: that's
++ * okay, that truncation will have unmapped the PageKsm for us.
++ *
++ * VM_FAULT_OOM: at the time of writing (late July 2009), setting
++ * aside mem_cgroup limits, VM_FAULT_OOM would only be set if the
++ * current task has TIF_MEMDIE set, and will be OOM killed on return
++ * to user; and ksmd, having no mm, would never be chosen for that.
++ *
++ * But if the mm is in a limited mem_cgroup, then the fault may fail
++ * with VM_FAULT_OOM even if the current task is not TIF_MEMDIE; and
++ * even ksmd can fail in this way - though it's usually breaking ksm
++ * just to undo a merge it made a moment before, so unlikely to oom.
++ *
++ * That's a pity: we might therefore have more kernel pages allocated
++ * than we're counting as nodes in the stable tree; but uksm_do_scan
++ * will retry to break_cow on each pass, so should recover the page
++ * in due course. The important thing is to not let VM_MERGEABLE
++ * be cleared while any such pages might remain in the area.
++ */
++ return (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM) ? -ENOMEM : 0;
++}
++
++static void break_cow(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
++{
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma = rmap_item->slot->vma;
++ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ unsigned long addr = get_rmap_addr(rmap_item);
++
++ if (uksm_test_exit(mm))
++ goto out;
++
++ break_ksm(vma, addr);
++out:
++ return;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Though it's very tempting to unmerge in_stable_tree(rmap_item)s rather
++ * than check every pte of a given vma, the locking doesn't quite work for
++ * that - an rmap_item is assigned to the stable tree after inserting ksm
++ * page and upping mmap_sem. Nor does it fit with the way we skip dup'ing
++ * rmap_items from parent to child at fork time (so as not to waste time
++ * if exit comes before the next scan reaches it).
++ *
++ * Similarly, although we'd like to remove rmap_items (so updating counts
++ * and freeing memory) when unmerging an area, it's easier to leave that
++ * to the next pass of ksmd - consider, for example, how ksmd might be
++ * in cmp_and_merge_page on one of the rmap_items we would be removing.
++ */
++inline int unmerge_uksm_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
++ unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
++{
++ unsigned long addr;
++ int err = 0;
++
++ for (addr = start; addr < end && !err; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
++ if (uksm_test_exit(vma->vm_mm))
++ break;
++ if (signal_pending(current))
++ err = -ERESTARTSYS;
++ else
++ err = break_ksm(vma, addr);
++ }
++ return err;
++}
++
++static inline void inc_uksm_pages_scanned(void)
++{
++ u64 delta;
++
++
++ if (uksm_pages_scanned == U64_MAX) {
++ encode_benefit();
++
++ delta = uksm_pages_scanned >> pages_scanned_base;
++
++ if (CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(pages_scanned_stored, delta)) {
++ pages_scanned_stored >>= 1;
++ delta >>= 1;
++ pages_scanned_base++;
++ }
++
++ pages_scanned_stored += delta;
++
++ uksm_pages_scanned = uksm_pages_scanned_last = 0;
++ }
++
++ uksm_pages_scanned++;
++}
++
++static inline int find_zero_page_hash(int strength, u32 hash)
++{
++ return (zero_hash_table[strength] == hash);
++}
++
++static
++int cmp_and_merge_zero_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page)
++{
++ struct page *zero_page = empty_uksm_zero_page;
++ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ pte_t orig_pte = __pte(0);
++ int err = -EFAULT;
++
++ if (uksm_test_exit(mm))
++ goto out;
++
++ if (!trylock_page(page))
++ goto out;
++
++ if (!PageAnon(page))
++ goto out_unlock;
++
++ if (PageTransCompound(page)) {
++ err = split_huge_page(page);
++ if (err)
++ goto out_unlock;
++ }
++
++ if (write_protect_page(vma, page, &orig_pte, 0) == 0) {
++ if (is_page_full_zero(page))
++ err = replace_page(vma, page, zero_page, orig_pte);
++ }
++
++out_unlock:
++ unlock_page(page);
++out:
++ return err;
++}
++
++/*
++ * cmp_and_merge_page() - first see if page can be merged into the stable
++ * tree; if not, compare hash to previous and if it's the same, see if page
++ * can be inserted into the unstable tree, or merged with a page already there
++ * and both transferred to the stable tree.
++ *
++ * @page: the page that we are searching identical page to.
++ * @rmap_item: the reverse mapping into the virtual address of this page
++ */
++static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct rmap_item *rmap_item, u32 hash)
++{
++ struct rmap_item *tree_rmap_item;
++ struct page *page;
++ struct page *kpage = NULL;
++ u32 hash_max;
++ int err;
++ unsigned int success1, success2;
++ struct stable_node *snode;
++ int cmp;
++ struct rb_node *parent = NULL, **new;
++
++ remove_rmap_item_from_tree(rmap_item);
++ page = rmap_item->page;
++
++ /* We first start with searching the page inside the stable tree */
++ kpage = stable_tree_search(rmap_item, hash);
++ if (kpage) {
++ err = try_to_merge_with_uksm_page(rmap_item, kpage,
++ hash);
++ if (!err) {
++ /*
++ * The page was successfully merged, add
++ * its rmap_item to the stable tree.
++ * page lock is needed because it's
++ * racing with try_to_unmap_ksm(), etc.
++ */
++ lock_page(kpage);
++ snode = page_stable_node(kpage);
++ stable_tree_append(rmap_item, snode, 1);
++ unlock_page(kpage);
++ put_page(kpage);
++ return; /* success */
++ }
++ put_page(kpage);
++
++ /*
++ * if it's a collision and it has been search in sub-rbtree
++ * (hash_max != 0), we want to abort, because if it is
++ * successfully merged in unstable tree, the collision trends to
++ * happen again.
++ */
++ if (err == MERGE_ERR_COLLI && rmap_item->hash_max)
++ return;
++ }
++
++ tree_rmap_item =
++ unstable_tree_search_insert(rmap_item, hash);
++ if (tree_rmap_item) {
++ err = try_to_merge_two_pages(rmap_item, tree_rmap_item, hash);
++ /*
++ * As soon as we merge this page, we want to remove the
++ * rmap_item of the page we have merged with from the unstable
++ * tree, and insert it instead as new node in the stable tree.
++ */
++ if (!err) {
++ kpage = page;
++ remove_rmap_item_from_tree(tree_rmap_item);
++ lock_page(kpage);
++ snode = stable_tree_insert(&kpage, hash,
++ rmap_item, tree_rmap_item,
++ &success1, &success2);
++
++ /*
++ * Do not log dedup for tree item, it's not counted as
++ * scanned in this round.
++ */
++ if (success2)
++ stable_tree_append(tree_rmap_item, snode, 0);
++
++ /*
++ * The order of these two stable append is important:
++ * we are scanning rmap_item.
++ */
++ if (success1)
++ stable_tree_append(rmap_item, snode, 1);
++
++ /*
++ * The original kpage may be unlocked inside
++ * stable_tree_insert() already. This page
++ * should be unlocked before doing
++ * break_cow().
++ */
++ unlock_page(kpage);
++
++ if (!success1)
++ break_cow(rmap_item);
++
++ if (!success2)
++ break_cow(tree_rmap_item);
++
++ } else if (err == MERGE_ERR_COLLI) {
++ BUG_ON(tree_rmap_item->tree_node->count > 1);
++
++ rmap_item_hash_max(tree_rmap_item,
++ tree_rmap_item->tree_node->hash);
++
++ hash_max = rmap_item_hash_max(rmap_item, hash);
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash_max, tree_rmap_item->hash_max);
++ parent = &tree_rmap_item->node;
++ if (cmp < 0)
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ else if (cmp > 0)
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ else
++ goto put_up_out;
++
++ rmap_item->tree_node = tree_rmap_item->tree_node;
++ rmap_item->address |= UNSTABLE_FLAG;
++ rmap_item->hash_round = uksm_hash_round;
++ rb_link_node(&rmap_item->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&rmap_item->node,
++ &tree_rmap_item->tree_node->sub_root);
++ rmap_item->tree_node->count++;
++ } else {
++ /*
++ * either one of the page has changed or they collide
++ * at the max hash, we consider them as ill items.
++ */
++ remove_rmap_item_from_tree(tree_rmap_item);
++ }
++put_up_out:
++ put_page(tree_rmap_item->page);
++ mmap_read_unlock(tree_rmap_item->slot->vma->vm_mm);
++ }
++}
++
++
++
++
++static inline unsigned long get_pool_index(struct vma_slot *slot,
++ unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned long pool_index;
++
++ pool_index = (sizeof(struct rmap_list_entry *) * index) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
++ if (pool_index >= slot->pool_size)
++ BUG();
++ return pool_index;
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long index_page_offset(unsigned long index)
++{
++ return offset_in_page(sizeof(struct rmap_list_entry *) * index);
++}
++
++static inline
++struct rmap_list_entry *get_rmap_list_entry(struct vma_slot *slot,
++ unsigned long index, int need_alloc)
++{
++ unsigned long pool_index;
++ struct page *page;
++ void *addr;
++
++
++ pool_index = get_pool_index(slot, index);
++ if (!slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index]) {
++ if (!need_alloc)
++ return NULL;
++
++ page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | __GFP_NOWARN);
++ if (!page)
++ return NULL;
++
++ slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index] = page;
++ }
++
++ addr = kmap(slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index]);
++ addr += index_page_offset(index);
++
++ return addr;
++}
++
++static inline void put_rmap_list_entry(struct vma_slot *slot,
++ unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned long pool_index;
++
++ pool_index = get_pool_index(slot, index);
++ BUG_ON(!slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index]);
++ kunmap(slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index]);
++}
++
++static inline int entry_is_new(struct rmap_list_entry *entry)
++{
++ return !entry->item;
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long get_index_orig_addr(struct vma_slot *slot,
++ unsigned long index)
++{
++ return slot->vma->vm_start + (index << PAGE_SHIFT);
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long get_entry_address(struct rmap_list_entry *entry)
++{
++ unsigned long addr;
++
++ if (is_addr(entry->addr))
++ addr = get_clean_addr(entry->addr);
++ else if (entry->item)
++ addr = get_rmap_addr(entry->item);
++ else
++ BUG();
++
++ return addr;
++}
++
++static inline struct rmap_item *get_entry_item(struct rmap_list_entry *entry)
++{
++ if (is_addr(entry->addr))
++ return NULL;
++
++ return entry->item;
++}
++
++static inline void inc_rmap_list_pool_count(struct vma_slot *slot,
++ unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned long pool_index;
++
++ pool_index = get_pool_index(slot, index);
++ BUG_ON(!slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index]);
++ slot->pool_counts[pool_index]++;
++}
++
++static inline void dec_rmap_list_pool_count(struct vma_slot *slot,
++ unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned long pool_index;
++
++ pool_index = get_pool_index(slot, index);
++ BUG_ON(!slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index]);
++ BUG_ON(!slot->pool_counts[pool_index]);
++ slot->pool_counts[pool_index]--;
++}
++
++static inline int entry_has_rmap(struct rmap_list_entry *entry)
++{
++ return !is_addr(entry->addr) && entry->item;
++}
++
++static inline void swap_entries(struct rmap_list_entry *entry1,
++ unsigned long index1,
++ struct rmap_list_entry *entry2,
++ unsigned long index2)
++{
++ struct rmap_list_entry tmp;
++
++ /* swapping two new entries is meaningless */
++ BUG_ON(entry_is_new(entry1) && entry_is_new(entry2));
++
++ tmp = *entry1;
++ *entry1 = *entry2;
++ *entry2 = tmp;
++
++ if (entry_has_rmap(entry1))
++ entry1->item->entry_index = index1;
++
++ if (entry_has_rmap(entry2))
++ entry2->item->entry_index = index2;
++
++ if (entry_has_rmap(entry1) && !entry_has_rmap(entry2)) {
++ inc_rmap_list_pool_count(entry1->item->slot, index1);
++ dec_rmap_list_pool_count(entry1->item->slot, index2);
++ } else if (!entry_has_rmap(entry1) && entry_has_rmap(entry2)) {
++ inc_rmap_list_pool_count(entry2->item->slot, index2);
++ dec_rmap_list_pool_count(entry2->item->slot, index1);
++ }
++}
++
++static inline void free_entry_item(struct rmap_list_entry *entry)
++{
++ unsigned long index;
++ struct rmap_item *item;
++
++ if (!is_addr(entry->addr)) {
++ BUG_ON(!entry->item);
++ item = entry->item;
++ entry->addr = get_rmap_addr(item);
++ set_is_addr(entry->addr);
++ index = item->entry_index;
++ remove_rmap_item_from_tree(item);
++ dec_rmap_list_pool_count(item->slot, index);
++ free_rmap_item(item);
++ }
++}
++
++static inline int pool_entry_boundary(unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned long linear_addr;
++
++ linear_addr = sizeof(struct rmap_list_entry *) * index;
++ return index && !offset_in_page(linear_addr);
++}
++
++static inline void try_free_last_pool(struct vma_slot *slot,
++ unsigned long index)
++{
++ unsigned long pool_index;
++
++ pool_index = get_pool_index(slot, index);
++ if (slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index] &&
++ !slot->pool_counts[pool_index]) {
++ __free_page(slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index]);
++ slot->rmap_list_pool[pool_index] = NULL;
++ slot->flags |= UKSM_SLOT_NEED_SORT;
++ }
++
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long vma_item_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
++ struct rmap_item *item)
++{
++ return (get_rmap_addr(item) - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
++}
++
++static int within_same_pool(struct vma_slot *slot,
++ unsigned long i, unsigned long j)
++{
++ unsigned long pool_i, pool_j;
++
++ pool_i = get_pool_index(slot, i);
++ pool_j = get_pool_index(slot, j);
++
++ return (pool_i == pool_j);
++}
++
++static void sort_rmap_entry_list(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ unsigned long i, j;
++ struct rmap_list_entry *entry, *swap_entry;
++
++ entry = get_rmap_list_entry(slot, 0, 0);
++ for (i = 0; i < slot->pages; ) {
++
++ if (!entry)
++ goto skip_whole_pool;
++
++ if (entry_is_new(entry))
++ goto next_entry;
++
++ if (is_addr(entry->addr)) {
++ entry->addr = 0;
++ goto next_entry;
++ }
++
++ j = vma_item_index(slot->vma, entry->item);
++ if (j == i)
++ goto next_entry;
++
++ if (within_same_pool(slot, i, j))
++ swap_entry = entry + j - i;
++ else
++ swap_entry = get_rmap_list_entry(slot, j, 1);
++
++ swap_entries(entry, i, swap_entry, j);
++ if (!within_same_pool(slot, i, j))
++ put_rmap_list_entry(slot, j);
++ continue;
++
++skip_whole_pool:
++ i += PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(*entry);
++ if (i < slot->pages)
++ entry = get_rmap_list_entry(slot, i, 0);
++ continue;
++
++next_entry:
++ if (i >= slot->pages - 1 ||
++ !within_same_pool(slot, i, i + 1)) {
++ put_rmap_list_entry(slot, i);
++ if (i + 1 < slot->pages)
++ entry = get_rmap_list_entry(slot, i + 1, 0);
++ } else
++ entry++;
++ i++;
++ continue;
++ }
++
++ /* free empty pool entries which contain no rmap_item */
++ /* CAN be simplied to based on only pool_counts when bug freed !!!!! */
++ for (i = 0; i < slot->pool_size; i++) {
++ unsigned char has_rmap;
++ void *addr;
++
++ if (!slot->rmap_list_pool[i])
++ continue;
++
++ has_rmap = 0;
++ addr = kmap(slot->rmap_list_pool[i]);
++ BUG_ON(!addr);
++ for (j = 0; j < PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(*entry); j++) {
++ entry = (struct rmap_list_entry *)addr + j;
++ if (is_addr(entry->addr))
++ continue;
++ if (!entry->item)
++ continue;
++ has_rmap = 1;
++ }
++ kunmap(slot->rmap_list_pool[i]);
++ if (!has_rmap) {
++ BUG_ON(slot->pool_counts[i]);
++ __free_page(slot->rmap_list_pool[i]);
++ slot->rmap_list_pool[i] = NULL;
++ }
++ }
++
++ slot->flags &= ~UKSM_SLOT_NEED_SORT;
++}
++
++/*
++ * vma_fully_scanned() - if all the pages in this slot have been scanned.
++ */
++static inline int vma_fully_scanned(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ return slot->pages_scanned == slot->pages;
++}
++
++/**
++ * get_next_rmap_item() - Get the next rmap_item in a vma_slot according to
++ * its random permutation. This function is embedded with the random
++ * permutation index management code.
++ */
++static struct rmap_item *get_next_rmap_item(struct vma_slot *slot, u32 *hash)
++{
++ unsigned long rand_range, addr, swap_index, scan_index;
++ struct rmap_item *item = NULL;
++ struct rmap_list_entry *scan_entry, *swap_entry = NULL;
++ struct page *page;
++
++ scan_index = swap_index = slot->pages_scanned % slot->pages;
++
++ if (pool_entry_boundary(scan_index))
++ try_free_last_pool(slot, scan_index - 1);
++
++ if (vma_fully_scanned(slot)) {
++ if (slot->flags & UKSM_SLOT_NEED_SORT)
++ slot->flags |= UKSM_SLOT_NEED_RERAND;
++ else
++ slot->flags &= ~UKSM_SLOT_NEED_RERAND;
++ if (slot->flags & UKSM_SLOT_NEED_SORT)
++ sort_rmap_entry_list(slot);
++ }
++
++ scan_entry = get_rmap_list_entry(slot, scan_index, 1);
++ if (!scan_entry)
++ return NULL;
++
++ if (entry_is_new(scan_entry)) {
++ scan_entry->addr = get_index_orig_addr(slot, scan_index);
++ set_is_addr(scan_entry->addr);
++ }
++
++ if (slot->flags & UKSM_SLOT_NEED_RERAND) {
++ rand_range = slot->pages - scan_index;
++ BUG_ON(!rand_range);
++ swap_index = scan_index + (prandom_u32() % rand_range);
++ }
++
++ if (swap_index != scan_index) {
++ swap_entry = get_rmap_list_entry(slot, swap_index, 1);
++
++ if (!swap_entry)
++ return NULL;
++
++ if (entry_is_new(swap_entry)) {
++ swap_entry->addr = get_index_orig_addr(slot,
++ swap_index);
++ set_is_addr(swap_entry->addr);
++ }
++ swap_entries(scan_entry, scan_index, swap_entry, swap_index);
++ }
++
++ addr = get_entry_address(scan_entry);
++ item = get_entry_item(scan_entry);
++ BUG_ON(addr > slot->vma->vm_end || addr < slot->vma->vm_start);
++
++ page = follow_page(slot->vma, addr, FOLL_GET);
++ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(page))
++ goto nopage;
++
++ if (!PageAnon(page))
++ goto putpage;
++
++ /*check is zero_page pfn or uksm_zero_page*/
++ if ((page_to_pfn(page) == zero_pfn)
++ || (page_to_pfn(page) == uksm_zero_pfn))
++ goto putpage;
++
++ flush_anon_page(slot->vma, page, addr);
++ flush_dcache_page(page);
++
++
++ *hash = page_hash(page, hash_strength, 1);
++ inc_uksm_pages_scanned();
++ /*if the page content all zero, re-map to zero-page*/
++ if (find_zero_page_hash(hash_strength, *hash)) {
++ if (!cmp_and_merge_zero_page(slot->vma, page)) {
++ slot->pages_merged++;
++
++ /* For full-zero pages, no need to create rmap item */
++ goto putpage;
++ } else {
++ inc_rshash_neg(memcmp_cost / 2);
++ }
++ }
++
++ if (!item) {
++ item = alloc_rmap_item();
++ if (item) {
++ /* It has already been zeroed */
++ item->slot = slot;
++ item->address = addr;
++ item->entry_index = scan_index;
++ scan_entry->item = item;
++ inc_rmap_list_pool_count(slot, scan_index);
++ } else
++ goto putpage;
++ }
++
++ BUG_ON(item->slot != slot);
++ /* the page may have changed */
++ item->page = page;
++ put_rmap_list_entry(slot, scan_index);
++ if (swap_entry)
++ put_rmap_list_entry(slot, swap_index);
++ return item;
++
++putpage:
++ put_page(page);
++ page = NULL;
++nopage:
++ /* no page, store addr back and free rmap_item if possible */
++ free_entry_item(scan_entry);
++ put_rmap_list_entry(slot, scan_index);
++ if (swap_entry)
++ put_rmap_list_entry(slot, swap_index);
++ return NULL;
++}
++
++static inline int in_stable_tree(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
++{
++ return rmap_item->address & STABLE_FLAG;
++}
++
++/**
++ * scan_vma_one_page() - scan the next page in a vma_slot. Called with
++ * mmap_sem locked.
++ */
++static noinline void scan_vma_one_page(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ u32 hash;
++ struct mm_struct *mm;
++ struct rmap_item *rmap_item = NULL;
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma = slot->vma;
++
++ mm = vma->vm_mm;
++ BUG_ON(!mm);
++ BUG_ON(!slot);
++
++ rmap_item = get_next_rmap_item(slot, &hash);
++ if (!rmap_item)
++ goto out1;
++
++ if (PageKsm(rmap_item->page) && in_stable_tree(rmap_item))
++ goto out2;
++
++ cmp_and_merge_page(rmap_item, hash);
++out2:
++ put_page(rmap_item->page);
++out1:
++ slot->pages_scanned++;
++ slot->this_sampled++;
++ if (slot->fully_scanned_round != fully_scanned_round)
++ scanned_virtual_pages++;
++
++ if (vma_fully_scanned(slot))
++ slot->fully_scanned_round = fully_scanned_round;
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long rung_get_pages(struct scan_rung *rung)
++{
++ struct slot_tree_node *node;
++
++ if (!rung->vma_root.rnode)
++ return 0;
++
++ node = container_of(rung->vma_root.rnode, struct slot_tree_node, snode);
++
++ return node->size;
++}
++
++#define RUNG_SAMPLED_MIN 3
++
++static inline
++void uksm_calc_rung_step(struct scan_rung *rung,
++ unsigned long page_time, unsigned long ratio)
++{
++ unsigned long sampled, pages;
++
++ /* will be fully scanned ? */
++ if (!rung->cover_msecs) {
++ rung->step = 1;
++ return;
++ }
++
++ sampled = rung->cover_msecs * (NSEC_PER_MSEC / TIME_RATIO_SCALE)
++ * ratio / page_time;
++
++ /*
++ * Before we finsish a scan round and expensive per-round jobs,
++ * we need to have a chance to estimate the per page time. So
++ * the sampled number can not be too small.
++ */
++ if (sampled < RUNG_SAMPLED_MIN)
++ sampled = RUNG_SAMPLED_MIN;
++
++ pages = rung_get_pages(rung);
++ if (likely(pages > sampled))
++ rung->step = pages / sampled;
++ else
++ rung->step = 1;
++}
++
++static inline int step_need_recalc(struct scan_rung *rung)
++{
++ unsigned long pages, stepmax;
++
++ pages = rung_get_pages(rung);
++ stepmax = pages / RUNG_SAMPLED_MIN;
++
++ return pages && (rung->step > pages ||
++ (stepmax && rung->step > stepmax));
++}
++
++static inline
++void reset_current_scan(struct scan_rung *rung, int finished, int step_recalc)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++
++ if (finished)
++ rung->flags |= UKSM_RUNG_ROUND_FINISHED;
++
++ if (step_recalc || step_need_recalc(rung)) {
++ uksm_calc_rung_step(rung, uksm_ema_page_time, rung->cpu_ratio);
++ BUG_ON(step_need_recalc(rung));
++ }
++
++ slot_iter_index = prandom_u32() % rung->step;
++ BUG_ON(!rung->vma_root.rnode);
++ slot = sradix_tree_next(&rung->vma_root, NULL, 0, slot_iter);
++ BUG_ON(!slot);
++
++ rung->current_scan = slot;
++ rung->current_offset = slot_iter_index;
++}
++
++static inline struct sradix_tree_root *slot_get_root(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ return &slot->rung->vma_root;
++}
++
++/*
++ * return if resetted.
++ */
++static int advance_current_scan(struct scan_rung *rung)
++{
++ unsigned short n;
++ struct vma_slot *slot, *next = NULL;
++
++ BUG_ON(!rung->vma_root.num);
++
++ slot = rung->current_scan;
++ n = (slot->pages - rung->current_offset) % rung->step;
++ slot_iter_index = rung->step - n;
++ next = sradix_tree_next(&rung->vma_root, slot->snode,
++ slot->sindex, slot_iter);
++
++ if (next) {
++ rung->current_offset = slot_iter_index;
++ rung->current_scan = next;
++ return 0;
++ } else {
++ reset_current_scan(rung, 1, 0);
++ return 1;
++ }
++}
++
++static inline void rung_rm_slot(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ struct scan_rung *rung = slot->rung;
++ struct sradix_tree_root *root;
++
++ if (rung->current_scan == slot)
++ advance_current_scan(rung);
++
++ root = slot_get_root(slot);
++ sradix_tree_delete_from_leaf(root, slot->snode, slot->sindex);
++ slot->snode = NULL;
++ if (step_need_recalc(rung)) {
++ uksm_calc_rung_step(rung, uksm_ema_page_time, rung->cpu_ratio);
++ BUG_ON(step_need_recalc(rung));
++ }
++
++ /* In case advance_current_scan loop back to this slot again */
++ if (rung->vma_root.num && rung->current_scan == slot)
++ reset_current_scan(slot->rung, 1, 0);
++}
++
++static inline void rung_add_new_slots(struct scan_rung *rung,
++ struct vma_slot **slots, unsigned long num)
++{
++ int err;
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++ unsigned long i;
++ struct sradix_tree_root *root = &rung->vma_root;
++
++ err = sradix_tree_enter(root, (void **)slots, num);
++ BUG_ON(err);
++
++ for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
++ slot = slots[i];
++ slot->rung = rung;
++ BUG_ON(vma_fully_scanned(slot));
++ }
++
++ if (rung->vma_root.num == num)
++ reset_current_scan(rung, 0, 1);
++}
++
++static inline int rung_add_one_slot(struct scan_rung *rung,
++ struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ int err;
++
++ err = sradix_tree_enter(&rung->vma_root, (void **)&slot, 1);
++ if (err)
++ return err;
++
++ slot->rung = rung;
++ if (rung->vma_root.num == 1)
++ reset_current_scan(rung, 0, 1);
++
++ return 0;
++}
++
++/*
++ * Return true if the slot is deleted from its rung.
++ */
++static inline int vma_rung_enter(struct vma_slot *slot, struct scan_rung *rung)
++{
++ struct scan_rung *old_rung = slot->rung;
++ int err;
++
++ if (old_rung == rung)
++ return 0;
++
++ rung_rm_slot(slot);
++ err = rung_add_one_slot(rung, slot);
++ if (err) {
++ err = rung_add_one_slot(old_rung, slot);
++ WARN_ON(err); /* OOPS, badly OOM, we lost this slot */
++ }
++
++ return 1;
++}
++
++static inline int vma_rung_up(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++
++ rung = slot->rung;
++ if (slot->rung != &uksm_scan_ladder[SCAN_LADDER_SIZE-1])
++ rung++;
++
++ return vma_rung_enter(slot, rung);
++}
++
++static inline int vma_rung_down(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++
++ rung = slot->rung;
++ if (slot->rung != &uksm_scan_ladder[0])
++ rung--;
++
++ return vma_rung_enter(slot, rung);
++}
++
++/**
++ * cal_dedup_ratio() - Calculate the deduplication ratio for this slot.
++ */
++static unsigned long cal_dedup_ratio(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ unsigned long ret;
++ unsigned long pages;
++
++ pages = slot->this_sampled;
++ if (!pages)
++ return 0;
++
++ BUG_ON(slot->pages_scanned == slot->last_scanned);
++
++ ret = slot->pages_merged;
++
++ /* Thrashing area filtering */
++ if (ret && uksm_thrash_threshold) {
++ if (slot->pages_cowed * 100 / slot->pages_merged
++ > uksm_thrash_threshold) {
++ ret = 0;
++ } else {
++ ret = slot->pages_merged - slot->pages_cowed;
++ }
++ }
++
++ return ret * 100 / pages;
++}
++
++/**
++ * cal_dedup_ratio() - Calculate the deduplication ratio for this slot.
++ */
++static unsigned long cal_dedup_ratio_old(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ unsigned long ret;
++ unsigned long pages;
++
++ pages = slot->pages;
++ if (!pages)
++ return 0;
++
++ ret = slot->pages_bemerged;
++
++ /* Thrashing area filtering */
++ if (ret && uksm_thrash_threshold) {
++ if (slot->pages_cowed * 100 / slot->pages_bemerged
++ > uksm_thrash_threshold) {
++ ret = 0;
++ } else {
++ ret = slot->pages_bemerged - slot->pages_cowed;
++ }
++ }
++
++ return ret * 100 / pages;
++}
++
++/**
++ * stable_node_reinsert() - When the hash_strength has been adjusted, the
++ * stable tree need to be restructured, this is the function re-inserting the
++ * stable node.
++ */
++static inline void stable_node_reinsert(struct stable_node *new_node,
++ struct page *page,
++ struct rb_root *root_treep,
++ struct list_head *tree_node_listp,
++ u32 hash)
++{
++ struct rb_node **new = &root_treep->rb_node;
++ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
++ struct stable_node *stable_node;
++ struct tree_node *tree_node;
++ struct page *tree_page;
++ int cmp;
++
++ while (*new) {
++ int cmp;
++
++ tree_node = rb_entry(*new, struct tree_node, node);
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(hash, tree_node->hash);
++
++ if (cmp < 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ } else if (cmp > 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ } else
++ break;
++ }
++
++ if (*new) {
++ /* find a stable tree node with same first level hash value */
++ stable_node_hash_max(new_node, page, hash);
++ if (tree_node->count == 1) {
++ stable_node = rb_entry(tree_node->sub_root.rb_node,
++ struct stable_node, node);
++ tree_page = get_uksm_page(stable_node, 1, 0);
++ if (tree_page) {
++ stable_node_hash_max(stable_node,
++ tree_page, hash);
++ put_page(tree_page);
++
++ /* prepare for stable node insertion */
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(new_node->hash_max,
++ stable_node->hash_max);
++ parent = &stable_node->node;
++ if (cmp < 0)
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ else if (cmp > 0)
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ else
++ goto failed;
++
++ goto add_node;
++ } else {
++ /* the only stable_node deleted, the tree node
++ * was not deleted.
++ */
++ goto tree_node_reuse;
++ }
++ }
++
++ /* well, search the collision subtree */
++ new = &tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++ parent = NULL;
++ BUG_ON(!*new);
++ while (*new) {
++ int cmp;
++
++ stable_node = rb_entry(*new, struct stable_node, node);
++
++ cmp = hash_cmp(new_node->hash_max,
++ stable_node->hash_max);
++
++ if (cmp < 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_left;
++ } else if (cmp > 0) {
++ parent = *new;
++ new = &parent->rb_right;
++ } else {
++ /* oh, no, still a collision */
++ goto failed;
++ }
++ }
++
++ goto add_node;
++ }
++
++ /* no tree node found */
++ tree_node = alloc_tree_node(tree_node_listp);
++ if (!tree_node) {
++ pr_err("UKSM: memory allocation error!\n");
++ goto failed;
++ } else {
++ tree_node->hash = hash;
++ rb_link_node(&tree_node->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&tree_node->node, root_treep);
++
++tree_node_reuse:
++ /* prepare for stable node insertion */
++ parent = NULL;
++ new = &tree_node->sub_root.rb_node;
++ }
++
++add_node:
++ rb_link_node(&new_node->node, parent, new);
++ rb_insert_color(&new_node->node, &tree_node->sub_root);
++ new_node->tree_node = tree_node;
++ tree_node->count++;
++ return;
++
++failed:
++ /* This can only happen when two nodes have collided
++ * in two levels.
++ */
++ new_node->tree_node = NULL;
++ return;
++}
++
++static inline void free_all_tree_nodes(struct list_head *list)
++{
++ struct tree_node *node, *tmp;
++
++ list_for_each_entry_safe(node, tmp, list, all_list) {
++ free_tree_node(node);
++ }
++}
++
++/**
++ * stable_tree_delta_hash() - Delta hash the stable tree from previous hash
++ * strength to the current hash_strength. It re-structures the hole tree.
++ */
++static inline void stable_tree_delta_hash(u32 prev_hash_strength)
++{
++ struct stable_node *node, *tmp;
++ struct rb_root *root_new_treep;
++ struct list_head *new_tree_node_listp;
++
++ stable_tree_index = (stable_tree_index + 1) % 2;
++ root_new_treep = &root_stable_tree[stable_tree_index];
++ new_tree_node_listp = &stable_tree_node_list[stable_tree_index];
++ *root_new_treep = RB_ROOT;
++ BUG_ON(!list_empty(new_tree_node_listp));
++
++ /*
++ * we need to be safe, the node could be removed by get_uksm_page()
++ */
++ list_for_each_entry_safe(node, tmp, &stable_node_list, all_list) {
++ void *addr;
++ struct page *node_page;
++ u32 hash;
++
++ /*
++ * We are completely re-structuring the stable nodes to a new
++ * stable tree. We don't want to touch the old tree unlinks and
++ * old tree_nodes. The old tree_nodes will be freed at once.
++ */
++ node_page = get_uksm_page(node, 0, 0);
++ if (!node_page)
++ continue;
++
++ if (node->tree_node) {
++ hash = node->tree_node->hash;
++
++ addr = kmap_atomic(node_page);
++
++ hash = delta_hash(addr, prev_hash_strength,
++ hash_strength, hash);
++ kunmap_atomic(addr);
++ } else {
++ /*
++ *it was not inserted to rbtree due to collision in last
++ *round scan.
++ */
++ hash = page_hash(node_page, hash_strength, 0);
++ }
++
++ stable_node_reinsert(node, node_page, root_new_treep,
++ new_tree_node_listp, hash);
++ put_page(node_page);
++ }
++
++ root_stable_treep = root_new_treep;
++ free_all_tree_nodes(stable_tree_node_listp);
++ BUG_ON(!list_empty(stable_tree_node_listp));
++ stable_tree_node_listp = new_tree_node_listp;
++}
++
++static inline void inc_hash_strength(unsigned long delta)
++{
++ hash_strength += 1 << delta;
++ if (hash_strength > HASH_STRENGTH_MAX)
++ hash_strength = HASH_STRENGTH_MAX;
++}
++
++static inline void dec_hash_strength(unsigned long delta)
++{
++ unsigned long change = 1 << delta;
++
++ if (hash_strength <= change + 1)
++ hash_strength = 1;
++ else
++ hash_strength -= change;
++}
++
++static inline void inc_hash_strength_delta(void)
++{
++ hash_strength_delta++;
++ if (hash_strength_delta > HASH_STRENGTH_DELTA_MAX)
++ hash_strength_delta = HASH_STRENGTH_DELTA_MAX;
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long get_current_neg_ratio(void)
++{
++ u64 pos = benefit.pos;
++ u64 neg = benefit.neg;
++
++ if (!neg)
++ return 0;
++
++ if (!pos || neg > pos)
++ return 100;
++
++ if (neg > div64_u64(U64_MAX, 100))
++ pos = div64_u64(pos, 100);
++ else
++ neg *= 100;
++
++ return div64_u64(neg, pos);
++}
++
++static inline unsigned long get_current_benefit(void)
++{
++ u64 pos = benefit.pos;
++ u64 neg = benefit.neg;
++ u64 scanned = benefit.scanned;
++
++ if (neg > pos)
++ return 0;
++
++ return div64_u64((pos - neg), scanned);
++}
++
++static inline int judge_rshash_direction(void)
++{
++ u64 current_neg_ratio, stable_benefit;
++ u64 current_benefit, delta = 0;
++ int ret = STILL;
++
++ /*
++ * Try to probe a value after the boot, and in case the system
++ * are still for a long time.
++ */
++ if ((fully_scanned_round & 0xFFULL) == 10) {
++ ret = OBSCURE;
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ current_neg_ratio = get_current_neg_ratio();
++
++ if (current_neg_ratio == 0) {
++ rshash_neg_cont_zero++;
++ if (rshash_neg_cont_zero > 2)
++ return GO_DOWN;
++ else
++ return STILL;
++ }
++ rshash_neg_cont_zero = 0;
++
++ if (current_neg_ratio > 90) {
++ ret = GO_UP;
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ current_benefit = get_current_benefit();
++ stable_benefit = rshash_state.stable_benefit;
++
++ if (!stable_benefit) {
++ ret = OBSCURE;
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ if (current_benefit > stable_benefit)
++ delta = current_benefit - stable_benefit;
++ else if (current_benefit < stable_benefit)
++ delta = stable_benefit - current_benefit;
++
++ delta = div64_u64(100 * delta, stable_benefit);
++
++ if (delta > 50) {
++ rshash_cont_obscure++;
++ if (rshash_cont_obscure > 2)
++ return OBSCURE;
++ else
++ return STILL;
++ }
++
++out:
++ rshash_cont_obscure = 0;
++ return ret;
++}
++
++/**
++ * rshash_adjust() - The main function to control the random sampling state
++ * machine for hash strength adapting.
++ *
++ * return true if hash_strength has changed.
++ */
++static inline int rshash_adjust(void)
++{
++ unsigned long prev_hash_strength = hash_strength;
++
++ if (!encode_benefit())
++ return 0;
++
++ switch (rshash_state.state) {
++ case RSHASH_STILL:
++ switch (judge_rshash_direction()) {
++ case GO_UP:
++ if (rshash_state.pre_direct == GO_DOWN)
++ hash_strength_delta = 0;
++
++ inc_hash_strength(hash_strength_delta);
++ inc_hash_strength_delta();
++ rshash_state.stable_benefit = get_current_benefit();
++ rshash_state.pre_direct = GO_UP;
++ break;
++
++ case GO_DOWN:
++ if (rshash_state.pre_direct == GO_UP)
++ hash_strength_delta = 0;
++
++ dec_hash_strength(hash_strength_delta);
++ inc_hash_strength_delta();
++ rshash_state.stable_benefit = get_current_benefit();
++ rshash_state.pre_direct = GO_DOWN;
++ break;
++
++ case OBSCURE:
++ rshash_state.stable_point = hash_strength;
++ rshash_state.turn_point_down = hash_strength;
++ rshash_state.turn_point_up = hash_strength;
++ rshash_state.turn_benefit_down = get_current_benefit();
++ rshash_state.turn_benefit_up = get_current_benefit();
++ rshash_state.lookup_window_index = 0;
++ rshash_state.state = RSHASH_TRYDOWN;
++ dec_hash_strength(hash_strength_delta);
++ inc_hash_strength_delta();
++ break;
++
++ case STILL:
++ break;
++ default:
++ BUG();
++ }
++ break;
++
++ case RSHASH_TRYDOWN:
++ if (rshash_state.lookup_window_index++ % 5 == 0)
++ rshash_state.below_count = 0;
++
++ if (get_current_benefit() < rshash_state.stable_benefit)
++ rshash_state.below_count++;
++ else if (get_current_benefit() >
++ rshash_state.turn_benefit_down) {
++ rshash_state.turn_point_down = hash_strength;
++ rshash_state.turn_benefit_down = get_current_benefit();
++ }
++
++ if (rshash_state.below_count >= 3 ||
++ judge_rshash_direction() == GO_UP ||
++ hash_strength == 1) {
++ hash_strength = rshash_state.stable_point;
++ hash_strength_delta = 0;
++ inc_hash_strength(hash_strength_delta);
++ inc_hash_strength_delta();
++ rshash_state.lookup_window_index = 0;
++ rshash_state.state = RSHASH_TRYUP;
++ hash_strength_delta = 0;
++ } else {
++ dec_hash_strength(hash_strength_delta);
++ inc_hash_strength_delta();
++ }
++ break;
++
++ case RSHASH_TRYUP:
++ if (rshash_state.lookup_window_index++ % 5 == 0)
++ rshash_state.below_count = 0;
++
++ if (get_current_benefit() < rshash_state.turn_benefit_down)
++ rshash_state.below_count++;
++ else if (get_current_benefit() > rshash_state.turn_benefit_up) {
++ rshash_state.turn_point_up = hash_strength;
++ rshash_state.turn_benefit_up = get_current_benefit();
++ }
++
++ if (rshash_state.below_count >= 3 ||
++ judge_rshash_direction() == GO_DOWN ||
++ hash_strength == HASH_STRENGTH_MAX) {
++ hash_strength = rshash_state.turn_benefit_up >
++ rshash_state.turn_benefit_down ?
++ rshash_state.turn_point_up :
++ rshash_state.turn_point_down;
++
++ rshash_state.state = RSHASH_PRE_STILL;
++ } else {
++ inc_hash_strength(hash_strength_delta);
++ inc_hash_strength_delta();
++ }
++
++ break;
++
++ case RSHASH_NEW:
++ case RSHASH_PRE_STILL:
++ rshash_state.stable_benefit = get_current_benefit();
++ rshash_state.state = RSHASH_STILL;
++ hash_strength_delta = 0;
++ break;
++ default:
++ BUG();
++ }
++
++ /* rshash_neg = rshash_pos = 0; */
++ reset_benefit();
++
++ if (prev_hash_strength != hash_strength)
++ stable_tree_delta_hash(prev_hash_strength);
++
++ return prev_hash_strength != hash_strength;
++}
++
++/**
++ * round_update_ladder() - The main function to do update of all the
++ * adjustments whenever a scan round is finished.
++ */
++static noinline void round_update_ladder(void)
++{
++ int i;
++ unsigned long dedup;
++ struct vma_slot *slot, *tmp_slot;
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++)
++ uksm_scan_ladder[i].flags &= ~UKSM_RUNG_ROUND_FINISHED;
++
++ list_for_each_entry_safe(slot, tmp_slot, &vma_slot_dedup, dedup_list) {
++
++ /* slot may be rung_rm_slot() when mm exits */
++ if (slot->snode) {
++ dedup = cal_dedup_ratio_old(slot);
++ if (dedup && dedup >= uksm_abundant_threshold)
++ vma_rung_up(slot);
++ }
++
++ slot->pages_bemerged = 0;
++ slot->pages_cowed = 0;
++
++ list_del_init(&slot->dedup_list);
++ }
++}
++
++static void uksm_del_vma_slot(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ int i, j;
++ struct rmap_list_entry *entry;
++
++ if (slot->snode) {
++ /*
++ * In case it just failed when entering the rung, it's not
++ * necessary.
++ */
++ rung_rm_slot(slot);
++ }
++
++ if (!list_empty(&slot->dedup_list))
++ list_del(&slot->dedup_list);
++
++ if (!slot->rmap_list_pool || !slot->pool_counts) {
++ /* In case it OOMed in uksm_vma_enter() */
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ for (i = 0; i < slot->pool_size; i++) {
++ void *addr;
++
++ if (!slot->rmap_list_pool[i])
++ continue;
++
++ addr = kmap(slot->rmap_list_pool[i]);
++ for (j = 0; j < PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(*entry); j++) {
++ entry = (struct rmap_list_entry *)addr + j;
++ if (is_addr(entry->addr))
++ continue;
++ if (!entry->item)
++ continue;
++
++ remove_rmap_item_from_tree(entry->item);
++ free_rmap_item(entry->item);
++ slot->pool_counts[i]--;
++ }
++ BUG_ON(slot->pool_counts[i]);
++ kunmap(slot->rmap_list_pool[i]);
++ __free_page(slot->rmap_list_pool[i]);
++ }
++ kfree(slot->rmap_list_pool);
++ kfree(slot->pool_counts);
++
++out:
++ slot->rung = NULL;
++ if (slot->flags & UKSM_SLOT_IN_UKSM) {
++ BUG_ON(uksm_pages_total < slot->pages);
++ uksm_pages_total -= slot->pages;
++ }
++
++ if (slot->fully_scanned_round == fully_scanned_round)
++ scanned_virtual_pages -= slot->pages;
++ else
++ scanned_virtual_pages -= slot->pages_scanned;
++ free_vma_slot(slot);
++}
++
++
++#define SPIN_LOCK_PERIOD 32
++static struct vma_slot *cleanup_slots[SPIN_LOCK_PERIOD];
++static inline void cleanup_vma_slots(void)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++ int i;
++
++ i = 0;
++ spin_lock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ while (!list_empty(&vma_slot_del)) {
++ slot = list_entry(vma_slot_del.next,
++ struct vma_slot, slot_list);
++ list_del(&slot->slot_list);
++ cleanup_slots[i++] = slot;
++ if (i == SPIN_LOCK_PERIOD) {
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ while (--i >= 0)
++ uksm_del_vma_slot(cleanup_slots[i]);
++ i = 0;
++ spin_lock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ }
++ }
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++
++ while (--i >= 0)
++ uksm_del_vma_slot(cleanup_slots[i]);
++}
++
++/*
++ * Expotional moving average formula
++ */
++static inline unsigned long ema(unsigned long curr, unsigned long last_ema)
++{
++ /*
++ * For a very high burst, even the ema cannot work well, a false very
++ * high per-page time estimation can result in feedback in very high
++ * overhead of context switch and rung update -- this will then lead
++ * to higher per-paper time, this may not converge.
++ *
++ * Instead, we try to approach this value in a binary manner.
++ */
++ if (curr > last_ema * 10)
++ return last_ema * 2;
++
++ return (EMA_ALPHA * curr + (100 - EMA_ALPHA) * last_ema) / 100;
++}
++
++/*
++ * convert cpu ratio in 1/TIME_RATIO_SCALE configured by user to
++ * nanoseconds based on current uksm_sleep_jiffies.
++ */
++static inline unsigned long cpu_ratio_to_nsec(unsigned int ratio)
++{
++ return NSEC_PER_USEC * jiffies_to_usecs(uksm_sleep_jiffies) /
++ (TIME_RATIO_SCALE - ratio) * ratio;
++}
++
++
++static inline unsigned long rung_real_ratio(int cpu_time_ratio)
++{
++ unsigned long ret;
++
++ BUG_ON(!cpu_time_ratio);
++
++ if (cpu_time_ratio > 0)
++ ret = cpu_time_ratio;
++ else
++ ret = (unsigned long)(-cpu_time_ratio) *
++ uksm_max_cpu_percentage / 100UL;
++
++ return ret ? ret : 1;
++}
++
++static noinline void uksm_calc_scan_pages(void)
++{
++ struct scan_rung *ladder = uksm_scan_ladder;
++ unsigned long sleep_usecs, nsecs;
++ unsigned long ratio;
++ int i;
++ unsigned long per_page;
++
++ if (uksm_ema_page_time > 100000 ||
++ (((unsigned long) uksm_eval_round & (256UL - 1)) == 0UL))
++ uksm_ema_page_time = UKSM_PAGE_TIME_DEFAULT;
++
++ per_page = uksm_ema_page_time;
++ BUG_ON(!per_page);
++
++ /*
++ * For every 8 eval round, we try to probe a uksm_sleep_jiffies value
++ * based on saved user input.
++ */
++ if (((unsigned long) uksm_eval_round & (8UL - 1)) == 0UL)
++ uksm_sleep_jiffies = uksm_sleep_saved;
++
++ /* We require a rung scan at least 1 page in a period. */
++ nsecs = per_page;
++ ratio = rung_real_ratio(ladder[0].cpu_ratio);
++ if (cpu_ratio_to_nsec(ratio) < nsecs) {
++ sleep_usecs = nsecs * (TIME_RATIO_SCALE - ratio) / ratio
++ / NSEC_PER_USEC;
++ uksm_sleep_jiffies = usecs_to_jiffies(sleep_usecs) + 1;
++ }
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ ratio = rung_real_ratio(ladder[i].cpu_ratio);
++ ladder[i].pages_to_scan = cpu_ratio_to_nsec(ratio) /
++ per_page;
++ BUG_ON(!ladder[i].pages_to_scan);
++ uksm_calc_rung_step(&ladder[i], per_page, ratio);
++ }
++}
++
++/*
++ * From the scan time of this round (ns) to next expected min sleep time
++ * (ms), be careful of the possible overflows. ratio is taken from
++ * rung_real_ratio()
++ */
++static inline
++unsigned int scan_time_to_sleep(unsigned long long scan_time, unsigned long ratio)
++{
++ scan_time >>= 20; /* to msec level now */
++ BUG_ON(scan_time > (ULONG_MAX / TIME_RATIO_SCALE));
++
++ return (unsigned int) ((unsigned long) scan_time *
++ (TIME_RATIO_SCALE - ratio) / ratio);
++}
++
++#define __round_mask(x, y) ((__typeof__(x))((y)-1))
++#define round_up(x, y) ((((x)-1) | __round_mask(x, y))+1)
++
++static void uksm_vma_enter(struct vma_slot **slots, unsigned long num)
++{
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++
++ rung = &uksm_scan_ladder[0];
++ rung_add_new_slots(rung, slots, num);
++}
++
++static struct vma_slot *batch_slots[SLOT_TREE_NODE_STORE_SIZE];
++
++static void uksm_enter_all_slots(void)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot;
++ unsigned long index;
++ struct list_head empty_vma_list;
++ int i;
++
++ i = 0;
++ index = 0;
++ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&empty_vma_list);
++
++ spin_lock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ while (!list_empty(&vma_slot_new)) {
++ slot = list_entry(vma_slot_new.next,
++ struct vma_slot, slot_list);
++
++ if (!slot->vma->anon_vma) {
++ list_move(&slot->slot_list, &empty_vma_list);
++ } else if (vma_can_enter(slot->vma)) {
++ batch_slots[index++] = slot;
++ list_del_init(&slot->slot_list);
++ } else {
++ list_move(&slot->slot_list, &vma_slot_noadd);
++ }
++
++ if (++i == SPIN_LOCK_PERIOD ||
++ (index && !(index % SLOT_TREE_NODE_STORE_SIZE))) {
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++
++ if (index && !(index % SLOT_TREE_NODE_STORE_SIZE)) {
++ uksm_vma_enter(batch_slots, index);
++ index = 0;
++ }
++ i = 0;
++ cond_resched();
++ spin_lock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++ }
++ }
++
++ list_splice(&empty_vma_list, &vma_slot_new);
++
++ spin_unlock(&vma_slot_list_lock);
++
++ if (index)
++ uksm_vma_enter(batch_slots, index);
++
++}
++
++static inline int rung_round_finished(struct scan_rung *rung)
++{
++ return rung->flags & UKSM_RUNG_ROUND_FINISHED;
++}
++
++static inline void judge_slot(struct vma_slot *slot)
++{
++ struct scan_rung *rung = slot->rung;
++ unsigned long dedup;
++ int deleted;
++
++ dedup = cal_dedup_ratio(slot);
++ if (vma_fully_scanned(slot) && uksm_thrash_threshold)
++ deleted = vma_rung_enter(slot, &uksm_scan_ladder[0]);
++ else if (dedup && dedup >= uksm_abundant_threshold)
++ deleted = vma_rung_up(slot);
++ else
++ deleted = vma_rung_down(slot);
++
++ slot->pages_merged = 0;
++ slot->pages_cowed = 0;
++ slot->this_sampled = 0;
++
++ if (vma_fully_scanned(slot))
++ slot->pages_scanned = 0;
++
++ slot->last_scanned = slot->pages_scanned;
++
++ /* If its deleted in above, then rung was already advanced. */
++ if (!deleted)
++ advance_current_scan(rung);
++}
++
++
++static inline int hash_round_finished(void)
++{
++ if (scanned_virtual_pages > (uksm_pages_total >> 2)) {
++ scanned_virtual_pages = 0;
++ if (uksm_pages_scanned)
++ fully_scanned_round++;
++
++ return 1;
++ } else {
++ return 0;
++ }
++}
++
++#define UKSM_MMSEM_BATCH 5
++#define BUSY_RETRY 100
++
++/**
++ * uksm_do_scan() - the main worker function.
++ */
++static noinline void uksm_do_scan(void)
++{
++ struct vma_slot *slot, *iter;
++ struct mm_struct *busy_mm;
++ unsigned char round_finished, all_rungs_emtpy;
++ int i, err, mmsem_batch;
++ unsigned long pcost;
++ long long delta_exec;
++ unsigned long vpages, max_cpu_ratio;
++ unsigned long long start_time, end_time, scan_time;
++ unsigned int expected_jiffies;
++
++ might_sleep();
++
++ vpages = 0;
++
++ start_time = task_sched_runtime(current);
++ max_cpu_ratio = 0;
++ mmsem_batch = 0;
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE;) {
++ struct scan_rung *rung = &uksm_scan_ladder[i];
++ unsigned long ratio;
++ int busy_retry;
++
++ if (!rung->pages_to_scan) {
++ i++;
++ continue;
++ }
++
++ if (!rung->vma_root.num) {
++ rung->pages_to_scan = 0;
++ i++;
++ continue;
++ }
++
++ ratio = rung_real_ratio(rung->cpu_ratio);
++ if (ratio > max_cpu_ratio)
++ max_cpu_ratio = ratio;
++
++ busy_retry = BUSY_RETRY;
++ /*
++ * Do not consider rung_round_finished() here, just used up the
++ * rung->pages_to_scan quota.
++ */
++ while (rung->pages_to_scan && rung->vma_root.num &&
++ likely(!freezing(current))) {
++ int reset = 0;
++
++ slot = rung->current_scan;
++
++ BUG_ON(vma_fully_scanned(slot));
++
++ if (mmsem_batch)
++ err = 0;
++ else
++ err = try_down_read_slot_mmap_sem(slot);
++
++ if (err == -ENOENT) {
++rm_slot:
++ rung_rm_slot(slot);
++ continue;
++ }
++
++ busy_mm = slot->mm;
++
++ if (err == -EBUSY) {
++ /* skip other vmas on the same mm */
++ do {
++ reset = advance_current_scan(rung);
++ iter = rung->current_scan;
++ busy_retry--;
++ if (iter->vma->vm_mm != busy_mm ||
++ !busy_retry || reset)
++ break;
++ } while (1);
++
++ if (iter->vma->vm_mm != busy_mm) {
++ continue;
++ } else {
++ /* scan round finsished */
++ break;
++ }
++ }
++
++ BUG_ON(!vma_can_enter(slot->vma));
++ if (uksm_test_exit(slot->vma->vm_mm)) {
++ mmsem_batch = 0;
++ mmap_read_unlock(slot->vma->vm_mm);
++ goto rm_slot;
++ }
++
++ if (mmsem_batch)
++ mmsem_batch--;
++ else
++ mmsem_batch = UKSM_MMSEM_BATCH;
++
++ /* Ok, we have take the mmap_sem, ready to scan */
++ scan_vma_one_page(slot);
++ rung->pages_to_scan--;
++ vpages++;
++
++ if (rung->current_offset + rung->step > slot->pages - 1
++ || vma_fully_scanned(slot)) {
++ mmap_read_unlock(slot->vma->vm_mm);
++ judge_slot(slot);
++ mmsem_batch = 0;
++ } else {
++ rung->current_offset += rung->step;
++ if (!mmsem_batch)
++ mmap_read_unlock(slot->vma->vm_mm);
++ }
++
++ busy_retry = BUSY_RETRY;
++ cond_resched();
++ }
++
++ if (mmsem_batch) {
++ mmap_read_unlock(slot->vma->vm_mm);
++ mmsem_batch = 0;
++ }
++
++ if (freezing(current))
++ break;
++
++ cond_resched();
++ }
++ end_time = task_sched_runtime(current);
++ delta_exec = end_time - start_time;
++
++ if (freezing(current))
++ return;
++
++ cleanup_vma_slots();
++ uksm_enter_all_slots();
++
++ round_finished = 1;
++ all_rungs_emtpy = 1;
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ struct scan_rung *rung = &uksm_scan_ladder[i];
++
++ if (rung->vma_root.num) {
++ all_rungs_emtpy = 0;
++ if (!rung_round_finished(rung))
++ round_finished = 0;
++ }
++ }
++
++ if (all_rungs_emtpy)
++ round_finished = 0;
++
++ if (round_finished) {
++ round_update_ladder();
++ uksm_eval_round++;
++
++ if (hash_round_finished() && rshash_adjust()) {
++ /* Reset the unstable root iff hash strength changed */
++ uksm_hash_round++;
++ root_unstable_tree = RB_ROOT;
++ free_all_tree_nodes(&unstable_tree_node_list);
++ }
++
++ /*
++ * A number of pages can hang around indefinitely on per-cpu
++ * pagevecs, raised page count preventing write_protect_page
++ * from merging them. Though it doesn't really matter much,
++ * it is puzzling to see some stuck in pages_volatile until
++ * other activity jostles them out, and they also prevented
++ * LTP's KSM test from succeeding deterministically; so drain
++ * them here (here rather than on entry to uksm_do_scan(),
++ * so we don't IPI too often when pages_to_scan is set low).
++ */
++ lru_add_drain_all();
++ }
++
++
++ if (vpages && delta_exec > 0) {
++ pcost = (unsigned long) delta_exec / vpages;
++ if (likely(uksm_ema_page_time))
++ uksm_ema_page_time = ema(pcost, uksm_ema_page_time);
++ else
++ uksm_ema_page_time = pcost;
++ }
++
++ uksm_calc_scan_pages();
++ uksm_sleep_real = uksm_sleep_jiffies;
++ /* in case of radical cpu bursts, apply the upper bound */
++ end_time = task_sched_runtime(current);
++ if (max_cpu_ratio && end_time > start_time) {
++ scan_time = end_time - start_time;
++ expected_jiffies = msecs_to_jiffies(
++ scan_time_to_sleep(scan_time, max_cpu_ratio));
++
++ if (expected_jiffies > uksm_sleep_real)
++ uksm_sleep_real = expected_jiffies;
++
++ /* We have a 1 second up bound for responsiveness. */
++ if (jiffies_to_msecs(uksm_sleep_real) > MSEC_PER_SEC)
++ uksm_sleep_real = msecs_to_jiffies(1000);
++ }
++
++ return;
++}
++
++static int ksmd_should_run(void)
++{
++ return uksm_run & UKSM_RUN_MERGE;
++}
++
++static int uksm_scan_thread(void *nothing)
++{
++ set_freezable();
++ set_user_nice(current, 5);
++
++ while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
++ mutex_lock(&uksm_thread_mutex);
++ if (ksmd_should_run())
++ uksm_do_scan();
++ mutex_unlock(&uksm_thread_mutex);
++
++ try_to_freeze();
++
++ if (ksmd_should_run()) {
++ schedule_timeout_interruptible(uksm_sleep_real);
++ uksm_sleep_times++;
++ } else {
++ wait_event_freezable(uksm_thread_wait,
++ ksmd_should_run() || kthread_should_stop());
++ }
++ }
++ return 0;
++}
++
++void rmap_walk_ksm(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc)
++{
++ struct stable_node *stable_node;
++ struct node_vma *node_vma;
++ struct rmap_item *rmap_item;
++ int search_new_forks = 0;
++ unsigned long address;
++
++ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageKsm(page), page);
++ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
++
++ stable_node = page_stable_node(page);
++ if (!stable_node)
++ return;
++again:
++ hlist_for_each_entry(node_vma, &stable_node->hlist, hlist) {
++ hlist_for_each_entry(rmap_item, &node_vma->rmap_hlist, hlist) {
++ struct anon_vma *anon_vma = rmap_item->anon_vma;
++ struct anon_vma_chain *vmac;
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
++
++ cond_resched();
++ anon_vma_lock_read(anon_vma);
++ anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(vmac, &anon_vma->rb_root,
++ 0, ULONG_MAX) {
++ cond_resched();
++ vma = vmac->vma;
++ address = get_rmap_addr(rmap_item);
++
++ if (address < vma->vm_start ||
++ address >= vma->vm_end)
++ continue;
++
++ if ((rmap_item->slot->vma == vma) ==
++ search_new_forks)
++ continue;
++
++ if (rwc->invalid_vma && rwc->invalid_vma(vma, rwc->arg))
++ continue;
++
++ if (!rwc->rmap_one(page, vma, address, rwc->arg)) {
++ anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma);
++ return;
++ }
++
++ if (rwc->done && rwc->done(page)) {
++ anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma);
++ return;
++ }
++ }
++ anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma);
++ }
++ }
++ if (!search_new_forks++)
++ goto again;
++}
++
++#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION
++/* Common ksm interface but may be specific to uksm */
++void ksm_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *oldpage)
++{
++ struct stable_node *stable_node;
++
++ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(oldpage), oldpage);
++ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(newpage), newpage);
++ VM_BUG_ON(newpage->mapping != oldpage->mapping);
++
++ stable_node = page_stable_node(newpage);
++ if (stable_node) {
++ VM_BUG_ON(stable_node->kpfn != page_to_pfn(oldpage));
++ stable_node->kpfn = page_to_pfn(newpage);
++ /*
++ * newpage->mapping was set in advance; now we need smp_wmb()
++ * to make sure that the new stable_node->kpfn is visible
++ * to get_ksm_page() before it can see that oldpage->mapping
++ * has gone stale (or that PageSwapCache has been cleared).
++ */
++ smp_wmb();
++ set_page_stable_node(oldpage, NULL);
++ }
++}
++#endif /* CONFIG_MIGRATION */
++
++#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
++static struct stable_node *uksm_check_stable_tree(unsigned long start_pfn,
++ unsigned long end_pfn)
++{
++ struct rb_node *node;
++
++ for (node = rb_first(root_stable_treep); node; node = rb_next(node)) {
++ struct stable_node *stable_node;
++
++ stable_node = rb_entry(node, struct stable_node, node);
++ if (stable_node->kpfn >= start_pfn &&
++ stable_node->kpfn < end_pfn)
++ return stable_node;
++ }
++ return NULL;
++}
++
++static int uksm_memory_callback(struct notifier_block *self,
++ unsigned long action, void *arg)
++{
++ struct memory_notify *mn = arg;
++ struct stable_node *stable_node;
++
++ switch (action) {
++ case MEM_GOING_OFFLINE:
++ /*
++ * Keep it very simple for now: just lock out ksmd and
++ * MADV_UNMERGEABLE while any memory is going offline.
++ * mutex_lock_nested() is necessary because lockdep was alarmed
++ * that here we take uksm_thread_mutex inside notifier chain
++ * mutex, and later take notifier chain mutex inside
++ * uksm_thread_mutex to unlock it. But that's safe because both
++ * are inside mem_hotplug_mutex.
++ */
++ mutex_lock_nested(&uksm_thread_mutex, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
++ break;
++
++ case MEM_OFFLINE:
++ /*
++ * Most of the work is done by page migration; but there might
++ * be a few stable_nodes left over, still pointing to struct
++ * pages which have been offlined: prune those from the tree.
++ */
++ while ((stable_node = uksm_check_stable_tree(mn->start_pfn,
++ mn->start_pfn + mn->nr_pages)) != NULL)
++ remove_node_from_stable_tree(stable_node, 1, 1);
++ /* fallthrough */
++
++ case MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE:
++ mutex_unlock(&uksm_thread_mutex);
++ break;
++ }
++ return NOTIFY_OK;
++}
++#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
++
++#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
++/*
++ * This all compiles without CONFIG_SYSFS, but is a waste of space.
++ */
++
++#define UKSM_ATTR_RO(_name) \
++ static struct kobj_attribute _name##_attr = __ATTR_RO(_name)
++#define UKSM_ATTR(_name) \
++ static struct kobj_attribute _name##_attr = \
++ __ATTR(_name, 0644, _name##_show, _name##_store)
++
++static ssize_t max_cpu_percentage_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", uksm_max_cpu_percentage);
++}
++
++static ssize_t max_cpu_percentage_store(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ const char *buf, size_t count)
++{
++ unsigned long max_cpu_percentage;
++ int err;
++
++ err = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &max_cpu_percentage);
++ if (err || max_cpu_percentage > 100)
++ return -EINVAL;
++
++ if (max_cpu_percentage == 100)
++ max_cpu_percentage = 99;
++ else if (max_cpu_percentage < 10)
++ max_cpu_percentage = 10;
++
++ uksm_max_cpu_percentage = max_cpu_percentage;
++
++ return count;
++}
++UKSM_ATTR(max_cpu_percentage);
++
++static ssize_t sleep_millisecs_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", jiffies_to_msecs(uksm_sleep_jiffies));
++}
++
++static ssize_t sleep_millisecs_store(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ const char *buf, size_t count)
++{
++ unsigned long msecs;
++ int err;
++
++ err = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &msecs);
++ if (err || msecs > MSEC_PER_SEC)
++ return -EINVAL;
++
++ uksm_sleep_jiffies = msecs_to_jiffies(msecs);
++ uksm_sleep_saved = uksm_sleep_jiffies;
++
++ return count;
++}
++UKSM_ATTR(sleep_millisecs);
++
++
++static ssize_t cpu_governor_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ int n = sizeof(uksm_cpu_governor_str) / sizeof(char *);
++ int i;
++
++ buf[0] = '\0';
++ for (i = 0; i < n ; i++) {
++ if (uksm_cpu_governor == i)
++ strcat(buf, "[");
++
++ strcat(buf, uksm_cpu_governor_str[i]);
++
++ if (uksm_cpu_governor == i)
++ strcat(buf, "]");
++
++ strcat(buf, " ");
++ }
++ strcat(buf, "\n");
++
++ return strlen(buf);
++}
++
++static inline void init_performance_values(void)
++{
++ int i;
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++ struct uksm_cpu_preset_s *preset = uksm_cpu_preset + uksm_cpu_governor;
++
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ rung = uksm_scan_ladder + i;
++ rung->cpu_ratio = preset->cpu_ratio[i];
++ rung->cover_msecs = preset->cover_msecs[i];
++ }
++
++ uksm_max_cpu_percentage = preset->max_cpu;
++}
++
++static ssize_t cpu_governor_store(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ const char *buf, size_t count)
++{
++ int n = sizeof(uksm_cpu_governor_str) / sizeof(char *);
++
++ for (n--; n >= 0 ; n--) {
++ if (!strncmp(buf, uksm_cpu_governor_str[n],
++ strlen(uksm_cpu_governor_str[n])))
++ break;
++ }
++
++ if (n < 0)
++ return -EINVAL;
++ else
++ uksm_cpu_governor = n;
++
++ init_performance_values();
++
++ return count;
++}
++UKSM_ATTR(cpu_governor);
++
++static ssize_t run_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", uksm_run);
++}
++
++static ssize_t run_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ const char *buf, size_t count)
++{
++ int err;
++ unsigned long flags;
++
++ err = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &flags);
++ if (err || flags > UINT_MAX)
++ return -EINVAL;
++ if (flags > UKSM_RUN_MERGE)
++ return -EINVAL;
++
++ mutex_lock(&uksm_thread_mutex);
++ if (uksm_run != flags)
++ uksm_run = flags;
++ mutex_unlock(&uksm_thread_mutex);
++
++ if (flags & UKSM_RUN_MERGE)
++ wake_up_interruptible(&uksm_thread_wait);
++
++ return count;
++}
++UKSM_ATTR(run);
++
++static ssize_t abundant_threshold_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", uksm_abundant_threshold);
++}
++
++static ssize_t abundant_threshold_store(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ const char *buf, size_t count)
++{
++ int err;
++ unsigned long flags;
++
++ err = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &flags);
++ if (err || flags > 99)
++ return -EINVAL;
++
++ uksm_abundant_threshold = flags;
++
++ return count;
++}
++UKSM_ATTR(abundant_threshold);
++
++static ssize_t thrash_threshold_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", uksm_thrash_threshold);
++}
++
++static ssize_t thrash_threshold_store(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ const char *buf, size_t count)
++{
++ int err;
++ unsigned long flags;
++
++ err = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &flags);
++ if (err || flags > 99)
++ return -EINVAL;
++
++ uksm_thrash_threshold = flags;
++
++ return count;
++}
++UKSM_ATTR(thrash_threshold);
++
++static ssize_t cpu_ratios_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ int i, size;
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++ char *p = buf;
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ rung = &uksm_scan_ladder[i];
++
++ if (rung->cpu_ratio > 0)
++ size = sprintf(p, "%d ", rung->cpu_ratio);
++ else
++ size = sprintf(p, "MAX/%d ",
++ TIME_RATIO_SCALE / -rung->cpu_ratio);
++
++ p += size;
++ }
++
++ *p++ = '\n';
++ *p = '\0';
++
++ return p - buf;
++}
++
++static ssize_t cpu_ratios_store(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ const char *buf, size_t count)
++{
++ int i, cpuratios[SCAN_LADDER_SIZE], err;
++ unsigned long value;
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++ char *p, *end = NULL;
++
++ p = kzalloc(count, GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!p)
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ memcpy(p, buf, count);
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ if (i != SCAN_LADDER_SIZE - 1) {
++ end = strchr(p, ' ');
++ if (!end)
++ return -EINVAL;
++
++ *end = '\0';
++ }
++
++ if (strstr(p, "MAX/")) {
++ p = strchr(p, '/') + 1;
++ err = kstrtoul(p, 10, &value);
++ if (err || value > TIME_RATIO_SCALE || !value)
++ return -EINVAL;
++
++ cpuratios[i] = -(int) (TIME_RATIO_SCALE / value);
++ } else {
++ err = kstrtoul(p, 10, &value);
++ if (err || value > TIME_RATIO_SCALE || !value)
++ return -EINVAL;
++
++ cpuratios[i] = value;
++ }
++
++ p = end + 1;
++ }
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ rung = &uksm_scan_ladder[i];
++
++ rung->cpu_ratio = cpuratios[i];
++ }
++
++ return count;
++}
++UKSM_ATTR(cpu_ratios);
++
++static ssize_t eval_intervals_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ int i, size;
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++ char *p = buf;
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ rung = &uksm_scan_ladder[i];
++ size = sprintf(p, "%u ", rung->cover_msecs);
++ p += size;
++ }
++
++ *p++ = '\n';
++ *p = '\0';
++
++ return p - buf;
++}
++
++static ssize_t eval_intervals_store(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
++ const char *buf, size_t count)
++{
++ int i, err;
++ unsigned long values[SCAN_LADDER_SIZE];
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++ char *p, *end = NULL;
++ ssize_t ret = count;
++
++ p = kzalloc(count + 2, GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!p)
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ memcpy(p, buf, count);
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ if (i != SCAN_LADDER_SIZE - 1) {
++ end = strchr(p, ' ');
++ if (!end) {
++ ret = -EINVAL;
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ *end = '\0';
++ }
++
++ err = kstrtoul(p, 10, &values[i]);
++ if (err) {
++ ret = -EINVAL;
++ goto out;
++ }
++
++ p = end + 1;
++ }
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ rung = &uksm_scan_ladder[i];
++
++ rung->cover_msecs = values[i];
++ }
++
++out:
++ kfree(p);
++ return ret;
++}
++UKSM_ATTR(eval_intervals);
++
++static ssize_t ema_per_page_time_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", uksm_ema_page_time);
++}
++UKSM_ATTR_RO(ema_per_page_time);
++
++static ssize_t pages_shared_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", uksm_pages_shared);
++}
++UKSM_ATTR_RO(pages_shared);
++
++static ssize_t pages_sharing_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", uksm_pages_sharing);
++}
++UKSM_ATTR_RO(pages_sharing);
++
++static ssize_t pages_unshared_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", uksm_pages_unshared);
++}
++UKSM_ATTR_RO(pages_unshared);
++
++static ssize_t full_scans_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", fully_scanned_round);
++}
++UKSM_ATTR_RO(full_scans);
++
++static ssize_t pages_scanned_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ unsigned long base = 0;
++ u64 delta, ret;
++
++ if (pages_scanned_stored) {
++ base = pages_scanned_base;
++ ret = pages_scanned_stored;
++ delta = uksm_pages_scanned >> base;
++ if (CAN_OVERFLOW_U64(ret, delta)) {
++ ret >>= 1;
++ delta >>= 1;
++ base++;
++ ret += delta;
++ }
++ } else {
++ ret = uksm_pages_scanned;
++ }
++
++ while (ret > ULONG_MAX) {
++ ret >>= 1;
++ base++;
++ }
++
++ if (base)
++ return sprintf(buf, "%lu * 2^%lu\n", (unsigned long)ret, base);
++ else
++ return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", (unsigned long)ret);
++}
++UKSM_ATTR_RO(pages_scanned);
++
++static ssize_t hash_strength_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", hash_strength);
++}
++UKSM_ATTR_RO(hash_strength);
++
++static ssize_t sleep_times_show(struct kobject *kobj,
++ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
++{
++ return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", uksm_sleep_times);
++}
++UKSM_ATTR_RO(sleep_times);
++
++
++static struct attribute *uksm_attrs[] = {
++ &max_cpu_percentage_attr.attr,
++ &sleep_millisecs_attr.attr,
++ &cpu_governor_attr.attr,
++ &run_attr.attr,
++ &ema_per_page_time_attr.attr,
++ &pages_shared_attr.attr,
++ &pages_sharing_attr.attr,
++ &pages_unshared_attr.attr,
++ &full_scans_attr.attr,
++ &pages_scanned_attr.attr,
++ &hash_strength_attr.attr,
++ &sleep_times_attr.attr,
++ &thrash_threshold_attr.attr,
++ &abundant_threshold_attr.attr,
++ &cpu_ratios_attr.attr,
++ &eval_intervals_attr.attr,
++ NULL,
++};
++
++static struct attribute_group uksm_attr_group = {
++ .attrs = uksm_attrs,
++ .name = "uksm",
++};
++#endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
++
++static inline void init_scan_ladder(void)
++{
++ int i;
++ struct scan_rung *rung;
++
++ for (i = 0; i < SCAN_LADDER_SIZE; i++) {
++ rung = uksm_scan_ladder + i;
++ slot_tree_init_root(&rung->vma_root);
++ }
++
++ init_performance_values();
++ uksm_calc_scan_pages();
++}
++
++static inline int cal_positive_negative_costs(void)
++{
++ struct page *p1, *p2;
++ unsigned char *addr1, *addr2;
++ unsigned long i, time_start, hash_cost;
++ unsigned long loopnum = 0;
++
++ /*IMPORTANT: volatile is needed to prevent over-optimization by gcc. */
++ volatile u32 hash;
++ volatile int ret;
++
++ p1 = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!p1)
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ p2 = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!p2)
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ addr1 = kmap_atomic(p1);
++ addr2 = kmap_atomic(p2);
++ memset(addr1, prandom_u32(), PAGE_SIZE);
++ memcpy(addr2, addr1, PAGE_SIZE);
++
++ /* make sure that the two pages differ in last byte */
++ addr2[PAGE_SIZE-1] = ~addr2[PAGE_SIZE-1];
++ kunmap_atomic(addr2);
++ kunmap_atomic(addr1);
++
++ time_start = jiffies;
++ while (jiffies - time_start < 100) {
++ for (i = 0; i < 100; i++)
++ hash = page_hash(p1, HASH_STRENGTH_FULL, 0);
++ loopnum += 100;
++ }
++ hash_cost = (jiffies - time_start);
++
++ time_start = jiffies;
++ for (i = 0; i < loopnum; i++)
++ ret = pages_identical_with_cost(p1, p2);
++ memcmp_cost = HASH_STRENGTH_FULL * (jiffies - time_start);
++ memcmp_cost /= hash_cost;
++ pr_info("UKSM: relative memcmp_cost = %lu "
++ "hash=%u cmp_ret=%d.\n",
++ memcmp_cost, hash, ret);
++
++ __free_page(p1);
++ __free_page(p2);
++ return 0;
++}
++
++static int init_zeropage_hash_table(void)
++{
++ struct page *page;
++ char *addr;
++ int i;
++
++ page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!page)
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ addr = kmap_atomic(page);
++ memset(addr, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
++ kunmap_atomic(addr);
++
++ zero_hash_table = kmalloc_array(HASH_STRENGTH_MAX, sizeof(u32),
++ GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!zero_hash_table)
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ for (i = 0; i < HASH_STRENGTH_MAX; i++)
++ zero_hash_table[i] = page_hash(page, i, 0);
++
++ __free_page(page);
++
++ return 0;
++}
++
++static inline int init_random_sampling(void)
++{
++ unsigned long i;
++
++ random_nums = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
++ if (!random_nums)
++ return -ENOMEM;
++
++ for (i = 0; i < HASH_STRENGTH_FULL; i++)
++ random_nums[i] = i;
++
++ for (i = 0; i < HASH_STRENGTH_FULL; i++) {
++ unsigned long rand_range, swap_index, tmp;
++
++ rand_range = HASH_STRENGTH_FULL - i;
++ swap_index = i + prandom_u32() % rand_range;
++ tmp = random_nums[i];
++ random_nums[i] = random_nums[swap_index];
++ random_nums[swap_index] = tmp;
++ }
++
++ rshash_state.state = RSHASH_NEW;
++ rshash_state.below_count = 0;
++ rshash_state.lookup_window_index = 0;
++
++ return cal_positive_negative_costs();
++}
++
++static int __init uksm_slab_init(void)
++{
++ rmap_item_cache = UKSM_KMEM_CACHE(rmap_item, 0);
++ if (!rmap_item_cache)
++ goto out;
++
++ stable_node_cache = UKSM_KMEM_CACHE(stable_node, 0);
++ if (!stable_node_cache)
++ goto out_free1;
++
++ node_vma_cache = UKSM_KMEM_CACHE(node_vma, 0);
++ if (!node_vma_cache)
++ goto out_free2;
++
++ vma_slot_cache = UKSM_KMEM_CACHE(vma_slot, 0);
++ if (!vma_slot_cache)
++ goto out_free3;
++
++ tree_node_cache = UKSM_KMEM_CACHE(tree_node, 0);
++ if (!tree_node_cache)
++ goto out_free4;
++
++ return 0;
++
++out_free4:
++ kmem_cache_destroy(vma_slot_cache);
++out_free3:
++ kmem_cache_destroy(node_vma_cache);
++out_free2:
++ kmem_cache_destroy(stable_node_cache);
++out_free1:
++ kmem_cache_destroy(rmap_item_cache);
++out:
++ return -ENOMEM;
++}
++
++static void __init uksm_slab_free(void)
++{
++ kmem_cache_destroy(stable_node_cache);
++ kmem_cache_destroy(rmap_item_cache);
++ kmem_cache_destroy(node_vma_cache);
++ kmem_cache_destroy(vma_slot_cache);
++ kmem_cache_destroy(tree_node_cache);
++}
++
++/* Common interface to ksm, different to it. */
++int ksm_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
++ unsigned long end, int advice, unsigned long *vm_flags)
++{
++ int err;
++
++ switch (advice) {
++ case MADV_MERGEABLE:
++ return 0; /* just ignore the advice */
++
++ case MADV_UNMERGEABLE:
++ if (!(*vm_flags & VM_MERGEABLE) || !uksm_flags_can_scan(*vm_flags))
++ return 0; /* just ignore the advice */
++
++ if (vma->anon_vma) {
++ err = unmerge_uksm_pages(vma, start, end);
++ if (err)
++ return err;
++ }
++
++ uksm_remove_vma(vma);
++ *vm_flags &= ~VM_MERGEABLE;
++ break;
++ }
++
++ return 0;
++}
++
++/* Common interface to ksm, actually the same. */
++struct page *ksm_might_need_to_copy(struct page *page,
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
++{
++ struct anon_vma *anon_vma = page_anon_vma(page);
++ struct page *new_page;
++
++ if (PageKsm(page)) {
++ if (page_stable_node(page))
++ return page; /* no need to copy it */
++ } else if (!anon_vma) {
++ return page; /* no need to copy it */
++ } else if (anon_vma->root == vma->anon_vma->root &&
++ page->index == linear_page_index(vma, address)) {
++ return page; /* still no need to copy it */
++ }
++ if (!PageUptodate(page))
++ return page; /* let do_swap_page report the error */
++
++ new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, address);
++ if (new_page) {
++ copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, address, vma);
++
++ SetPageDirty(new_page);
++ __SetPageUptodate(new_page);
++ __SetPageLocked(new_page);
++ }
++
++ return new_page;
++}
++
++/* Copied from mm/ksm.c and required from 5.1 */
++bool reuse_ksm_page(struct page *page,
++ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
++ unsigned long address)
++{
++#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
++ if (WARN_ON(is_zero_pfn(page_to_pfn(page))) ||
++ WARN_ON(!page_mapped(page)) ||
++ WARN_ON(!PageLocked(page))) {
++ dump_page(page, "reuse_ksm_page");
++ return false;
++ }
++#endif
++
++ if (PageSwapCache(page) || !page_stable_node(page))
++ return false;
++ /* Prohibit parallel get_ksm_page() */
++ if (!page_ref_freeze(page, 1))
++ return false;
++
++ page_move_anon_rmap(page, vma);
++ page->index = linear_page_index(vma, address);
++ page_ref_unfreeze(page, 1);
++
++ return true;
++}
++
++static int __init uksm_init(void)
++{
++ struct task_struct *uksm_thread;
++ int err;
++
++ uksm_sleep_jiffies = msecs_to_jiffies(100);
++ uksm_sleep_saved = uksm_sleep_jiffies;
++
++ slot_tree_init();
++ init_scan_ladder();
++
++
++ err = init_random_sampling();
++ if (err)
++ goto out_free2;
++
++ err = uksm_slab_init();
++ if (err)
++ goto out_free1;
++
++ err = init_zeropage_hash_table();
++ if (err)
++ goto out_free0;
++
++ uksm_thread = kthread_run(uksm_scan_thread, NULL, "uksmd");
++ if (IS_ERR(uksm_thread)) {
++ pr_err("uksm: creating kthread failed\n");
++ err = PTR_ERR(uksm_thread);
++ goto out_free;
++ }
++
++#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
++ err = sysfs_create_group(mm_kobj, &uksm_attr_group);
++ if (err) {
++ pr_err("uksm: register sysfs failed\n");
++ kthread_stop(uksm_thread);
++ goto out_free;
++ }
++#else
++ uksm_run = UKSM_RUN_MERGE; /* no way for user to start it */
++
++#endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
++
++#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
++ /*
++ * Choose a high priority since the callback takes uksm_thread_mutex:
++ * later callbacks could only be taking locks which nest within that.
++ */
++ hotplug_memory_notifier(uksm_memory_callback, 100);
++#endif
++ return 0;
++
++out_free:
++ kfree(zero_hash_table);
++out_free0:
++ uksm_slab_free();
++out_free1:
++ kfree(random_nums);
++out_free2:
++ kfree(uksm_scan_ladder);
++ return err;
++}
++
++#ifdef MODULE
++subsys_initcall(ksm_init);
++#else
++late_initcall(uksm_init);
++#endif
++
+diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
+index c81737a..319f5f8 100644
+--- a/mm/vmstat.c
++++ b/mm/vmstat.c
+@@ -1216,6 +1216,9 @@ const char * const vmstat_text[] = {
+ "nr_shadow_call_stack",
+ #endif
+
++#ifdef CONFIG_UKSM
++ "nr_uksm_zero_pages",
++#endif
+ /* enum writeback_stat_item counters */
+ "nr_dirty_threshold",
+ "nr_dirty_background_threshold",
+--
+2.29.2.456.g3a0b884cab
+
diff --git a/PKGBUILD b/PKGBUILD
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..47a07ba4a04
--- /dev/null
+++ b/PKGBUILD
@@ -0,0 +1,386 @@
+# Maintainer: 苏业钦 <hougelangley1987@gmail.com>
+
+# https://gitlab.manjaro.org/packages/core/linux510
+#
+# Maintainer: Philip Müller
+# Maintainer: Bernhard Landauer
+# Maintainer: Helmut Stult
+
+# http://aur.archlinux.org/packages/linux-xanmod
+#
+# Maintainer: Joan Figueras
+# Contributor: Torge Matthies
+# Contributor: Jan Alexander Steffens (heftig)
+# Contributor: Yoshi2889
+# Contributor: Tobias Powalowski
+# Contributor: Thomas Baechler
+# Contributor: ANDRoid7890 <andrey.android7890@gmail.com>
+
+##
+## The following variables can be customized at build time. Use env or export to change at your wish
+##
+## Example: env _microarchitecture=25 use_numa=n use_tracers=n use_pds=n makepkg -sc
+##
+## Look inside 'choose-gcc-optimization.sh' to choose your microarchitecture
+## Valid numbers between: 0 to 42
+## Default is: 0 => generic
+## Good option if your package is for one machine: 42 => native
+## 从我个人的使用情况上来看,选择 native 其实比针对性的选择处理器代号带来的性能提升更加明显,在这里而我推荐大家选择42
+## 默认我给大家已经选择好了
+if [ -z ${_microarchitecture+x} ]; then
+ _microarchitecture=42
+fi
+
+## Disable NUMA since most users do not have multiple processors. Breaks CUDA/NvEnc.
+## Archlinux and Xanmod enable it by default.
+## Set variable "use_numa" to: n to disable (possibly increase performance)
+## y to enable (stock default)
+if [ -z ${use_numa+x} ]; then
+ use_numa=y
+fi
+
+## For performance you can disable FUNCTION_TRACER/GRAPH_TRACER. Limits debugging and analyzing of the kernel.
+## Stock Archlinux and Xanmod have this enabled.
+## Set variable "use_tracers" to: n to disable (possibly increase performance)
+## y to enable (stock default)
+if [ -z ${use_tracers+x} ]; then
+ use_tracers=n
+fi
+
+## Enable Cachy CPU scheduler by default https://github.com/xanmod/linux/blob/5.8/Documentation/scheduler/sched-Cachy.rst
+## Set variable "use_cachy" to: n to disable (stock Xanmod)
+## y to enable
+## Cachy 已经退出历史舞台,后来作者也将这个算法转移到 CaCule,个人也比较推荐这个,响应速度更快
+if [ -z ${use_cachy+x} ]; then
+ use_cachy=n
+fi
+
+## Enable CONFIG_USER_NS_UNPRIVILEGED flag https://aur.archlinux.org/cgit/aur.git/tree/0001-ZEN-Add-sysctl-and-CONFIG-to-disallow-unprivileged-C.patch?h=linux-ck
+## Set variable "use_ns" to: n to disable (stock Xanmod)
+## y to enable (stock Archlinux)
+## 这里我不知道为什么作者默认选择 disable,因为这个功能不选择不少私有软件的无法启动的,比方说 Skype 和统信的微信,推荐大家默认启用
+if [ -z ${use_ns+x} ]; then
+ use_ns=y
+fi
+
+# Compile ONLY used modules to VASTLYreduce the number of modules built
+# and the build time.
+#
+# To keep track of which modules are needed for your specific system/hardware,
+# give module_db script a try: https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/modprobed-db
+# This PKGBUILD read the database kept if it exists
+#
+# More at this wiki page ---> https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Modprobed-db
+if [ -z ${_localmodcfg} ]; then
+ _localmodcfg=n
+fi
+
+# Tweak kernel options prior to a build via nconfig
+_makenconfig=y
+
+### IMPORTANT: Do no edit below this line unless you know what you're doing
+
+
+pkgbase=linux-manjaro-xanmod-cacule-uksm
+pkgname=("${pkgbase}" "${pkgbase}-headers")
+pkgver=5.10.12
+_major=5.10
+_branch=5.x
+xanmod=1
+pkgrel=1
+pkgdesc='Linux Xanmod'
+url="http://www.xanmod.org/"
+arch=(x86_64)
+
+__commit="ae37d87afcd44734e7cfa197d4af1a1b521d1d56" # 5.10.12-1
+
+license=(GPL2)
+makedepends=(
+ xmlto kmod inetutils bc libelf cpio
+ python-sphinx python-sphinx_rtd_theme graphviz imagemagick git
+)
+options=('!strip')
+_srcname="linux-${pkgver}-xanmod${xanmod}"
+source=("https://cdn.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v${_branch}/linux-${_major}.tar."{xz,sign}
+ "https://github.com/xanmod/linux/releases/download/${pkgver}-xanmod${xanmod}/patch-${pkgver}-xanmod${xanmod}.xz"
+ choose-gcc-optimization.sh
+ "https://gitlab.manjaro.org/packages/core/linux510/-/archive/${__commit}/linux510-${__commit}.tar.gz"
+ '0002-UKSM.patch')
+
+sha256sums=('dcdf99e43e98330d925016985bfbc7b83c66d367b714b2de0cbbfcbf83d8ca43'
+ 'cb36d0d05523e1154f84c060081481f799253da06edb127a2630e539c6974f12'
+ '9335f23561cc7796609783418659c1402fc67008a3f0ea39d822f742aec0731b'
+ '2c7369218e81dee86f8ac15bda741b9bb34fa9cefcb087760242277a8207d511'
+ '01e2d9fd016aa8764ffcd6dac68eade90a2fe2b5b807e6064eea4f9f48b95532'
+ '9f7931fe587cfbc918aabbf3a1211a7179c8b2b300a1fc38c22920df4ed7dc2a')
+validpgpkeys=(
+ 'ABAF11C65A2970B130ABE3C479BE3E4300411886' # Linux Torvalds
+ '647F28654894E3BD457199BE38DBBDC86092693E' # Greg Kroah-Hartman
+)
+
+# Archlinux patches
+_commits=""
+for _patch in $_commits; do
+ source+=("${_patch}.patch::https://git.archlinux.org/linux.git/patch/?id=${_patch}")
+done
+
+# If use_cachy=y then download cachy patch
+if [ "$use_cachy" = "y" ]; then
+ echo "Cachy branch is not ready yet..." && exit 1
+ source+=("https://github.com/xanmod/linux/releases/download/${pkgver}-xanmod${xanmod}-cachy/patch-${pkgver}-xanmod${xanmod}-cachy.xz")
+ sha256sums+=('c35685c5d706a683fc0b02cf11fd40db52becae9205bf0d71f6a4a901d836d69')
+fi
+
+export KBUILD_BUILD_HOST=${KBUILD_BUILD_HOST:-archlinux}
+export KBUILD_BUILD_USER=${KBUILD_BUILD_USER:-makepkg}
+export KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP=${KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP:-$(date -Ru${SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH:+d @$SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH})}
+
+prepare() {
+ cd linux-${_major}
+
+ # Apply Xanmod patch
+ if [ "$use_cachy" = "y" ]; then
+ patch -Np1 -i ../patch-${pkgver}-xanmod${xanmod}-cachy
+ else
+ patch -Np1 -i ../patch-${pkgver}-xanmod${xanmod}
+ fi
+
+ msg2 "Setting version..."
+ scripts/setlocalversion --save-scmversion
+ #echo "-$pkgrel" > localversion.10-pkgrel
+ echo "-MANJARO" > localversion.20-pkgname
+
+ # Archlinux patches
+ local src
+ for src in "${source[@]}"; do
+ src="${src%%::*}"
+ src="${src##*/}"
+ [[ $src = *.patch ]] || continue
+ msg2 "Applying patch $src..."
+ patch -Np1 < "../$src"
+ done
+
+ # Manjaro patches
+ rm ../linux510-$__commit/0103-futex.patch # remove conflicting one
+ local _patch
+ for _patch in ../linux510-$__commit/*; do
+ [[ $_patch = *.patch ]] || continue
+ msg2 "Applying patch: $_patch..."
+ patch -Np1 < "../linux510-$__commit/$_patch"
+ done
+ git apply -p1 < "../linux510-$__commit/0513-bootsplash.gitpatch"
+ scripts/config --enable CONFIG_BOOTSPLASH
+
+ # CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION gives better stack traces. Also is enabled in all official kernel packages by Archlinux team
+ scripts/config --enable CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION
+
+ # Enable IKCONFIG following Arch's philosophy
+ scripts/config --enable CONFIG_IKCONFIG \
+ --enable CONFIG_IKCONFIG_PROC
+
+ # User set. See at the top of this file
+ if [ "$use_tracers" = "n" ]; then
+ msg2 "Disabling FUNCTION_TRACER/GRAPH_TRACER..."
+ scripts/config --disable CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER \
+ --disable CONFIG_STACK_TRACER
+ fi
+
+ if [ "$use_numa" = "n" ]; then
+ msg2 "Disabling NUMA..."
+ scripts/config --disable CONFIG_NUMA
+ fi
+
+ if [ "$use_cachy" = "y" ]; then
+ msg2 "Enabling Cachy CPU scheduler by default..."
+ scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CACHY_SCHED
+ fi
+
+ if [ "$use_ns" = "n" ]; then
+ msg2 "Disabling CONFIG_USER_NS_UNPRIVILEGED"
+ scripts/config --disable CONFIG_USER_NS_UNPRIVILEGED
+ fi
+
+ msg2 "add anbox support"
+ scripts/config --enable CONFIG_ASHMEM
+ # CONFIG_ION is not set
+ scripts/config --enable CONFIG_ANDROID
+ scripts/config --enable CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_IPC
+ scripts/config --enable CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDERFS
+ scripts/config --set-str CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_DEVICES "binder,hwbinder,vndbinder"
+ # CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_IPC_SELFTEST is not set
+
+ scripts/config --set-str CONFIG_DEFAULT_HOSTNAME "manjaro"
+
+ # Let's user choose microarchitecture optimization in GCC
+ sh ${srcdir}/choose-gcc-optimization.sh $_microarchitecture
+
+ # This is intended for the people that want to build this package with their own config
+ # Put the file "myconfig" at the package folder to use this feature
+ # If it's a full config, will be replaced
+ # If not, you should use scripts/config commands, one by line
+ if [ -f "${startdir}/myconfig" ]; then
+ if ! grep -q 'scripts/config' "${startdir}/myconfig"; then
+ # myconfig is a full config file. Replacing default .config
+ msg2 "Using user CUSTOM config..."
+ cp -f "${startdir}"/myconfig .config
+ else
+ # myconfig is a partial file. Applying every line
+ msg2 "Applying configs..."
+ cat "${startdir}"/myconfig | while read -r _linec ; do
+ if echo "$_linec" | grep "scripts/config" ; then
+ set -- $_linec
+ "$@"
+ else
+ warning "Line format incorrect, ignoring..."
+ fi
+ done
+ fi
+ echo
+ fi
+
+ make olddefconfig
+
+ ### Optionally load needed modules for the make localmodconfig
+ # See https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/modprobed-db
+ if [ "$_localmodcfg" = "y" ]; then
+ if [ -f $HOME/.config/modprobed.db ]; then
+ msg2 "Running Steven Rostedt's make localmodconfig now"
+ make LSMOD=$HOME/.config/modprobed.db localmodconfig
+ else
+ msg2 "No modprobed.db data found"
+ exit
+ fi
+ fi
+
+ make -s kernelrelease > version
+ msg2 "Prepared %s version %s" "$pkgbase" "$(<version)"
+
+ [[ -z "$_makenconfig" ]] || make nconfig
+
+ # save configuration for later reuse
+ cat .config > "${startdir}/config.last"
+}
+
+build() {
+ cd linux-${_major}
+ make all
+}
+
+_package() {
+ pkgdesc="The Linux kernel and modules with Xanmod and Manjaro patches (Bootsplash support). Ashmem and binder are enabled"
+ depends=('coreutils' 'linux-firmware' 'kmod' 'initramfs' 'mkinitcpio>=27')
+ optdepends=('crda: to set the correct wireless channels of your country'
+ 'linux-firmware: firmware images needed for some devices'
+ 'bootsplash-systemd: for bootsplash functionality')
+ provides=(VIRTUALBOX-GUEST-MODULES WIREGUARD-MODULE)
+ replaces=()
+ conflicts=()
+
+ cd linux-${_major}
+ local kernver="$(<version)"
+ local modulesdir="$pkgdir/usr/lib/modules/$kernver"
+
+ msg2 "Installing boot image..."
+ # systemd expects to find the kernel here to allow hibernation
+ # https://github.com/systemd/systemd/commit/edda44605f06a41fb86b7ab8128dcf99161d2344
+ install -Dm644 "$(make -s image_name)" "$modulesdir/vmlinuz"
+
+ # Used by mkinitcpio to name the kernel
+ echo "manjaro-xanmod" | install -Dm644 /dev/stdin "$modulesdir/pkgbase"
+ # echo "${_major}-${CARCH}" | install -Dm644 /dev/stdin "$modulesdir/kernelbase"
+
+ # add kernel version
+ echo "${pkgver}-${pkgrel}-Manjaro-Xanmod x64" | install -Dm644 /dev/stdin "${pkgdir}/boot/${pkgbase}.kver"
+
+ msg2 "Installing modules..."
+ make INSTALL_MOD_PATH="$pkgdir/usr" modules_install
+
+ # remove build and source links
+ rm "$modulesdir"/{source,build}
+}
+
+_package-headers() {
+ pkgdesc="Header files and scripts for building modules for linux-manjaro-xanmod kernel"
+ provides=()
+ replaces=()
+ conflicts=()
+
+ cd linux-${_major}
+ local builddir="$pkgdir/usr/lib/modules/$(<version)/build"
+
+ msg2 "Installing build files..."
+ install -Dt "$builddir" -m644 .config Makefile Module.symvers System.map \
+ localversion.* version vmlinux
+ install -Dt "$builddir/kernel" -m644 kernel/Makefile
+ install -Dt "$builddir/arch/x86" -m644 arch/x86/Makefile
+ cp -t "$builddir" -a scripts
+
+ # add objtool for external module building and enabled VALIDATION_STACK option
+ install -Dt "$builddir/tools/objtool" tools/objtool/objtool
+
+ # add xfs and shmem for aufs building
+ mkdir -p "$builddir"/{fs/xfs,mm}
+
+ msg2 "Installing headers..."
+ cp -t "$builddir" -a include
+ cp -t "$builddir/arch/x86" -a arch/x86/include
+ install -Dt "$builddir/arch/x86/kernel" -m644 arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.s
+
+ install -Dt "$builddir/drivers/md" -m644 drivers/md/*.h
+ install -Dt "$builddir/net/mac80211" -m644 net/mac80211/*.h
+
+ # http://bugs.archlinux.org/task/13146
+ install -Dt "$builddir/drivers/media/i2c" -m644 drivers/media/i2c/msp3400-driver.h
+
+ # http://bugs.archlinux.org/task/20402
+ install -Dt "$builddir/drivers/media/usb/dvb-usb" -m644 drivers/media/usb/dvb-usb/*.h
+ install -Dt "$builddir/drivers/media/dvb-frontends" -m644 drivers/media/dvb-frontends/*.h
+ install -Dt "$builddir/drivers/media/tuners" -m644 drivers/media/tuners/*.h
+
+ msg2 "Installing KConfig files..."
+ find . -name 'Kconfig*' -exec install -Dm644 {} "$builddir/{}" \;
+
+ msg2 "Removing unneeded architectures..."
+ local arch
+ for arch in "$builddir"/arch/*/; do
+ [[ $arch = */x86/ ]] && continue
+ echo "Removing $(basename "$arch")"
+ rm -r "$arch"
+ done
+
+ msg2 "Removing documentation..."
+ rm -r "$builddir/Documentation"
+
+ msg2 "Removing broken symlinks..."
+ find -L "$builddir" -type l -printf 'Removing %P\n' -delete
+
+ msg2 "Removing loose objects..."
+ find "$builddir" -type f -name '*.o' -printf 'Removing %P\n' -delete
+
+ msg2 "Stripping build tools..."
+ local file
+ while read -rd '' file; do
+ case "$(file -bi "$file")" in
+ application/x-sharedlib\;*) # Libraries (.so)
+ strip -v $STRIP_SHARED "$file" ;;
+ application/x-archive\;*) # Libraries (.a)
+ strip -v $STRIP_STATIC "$file" ;;
+ application/x-executable\;*) # Binaries
+ strip -v $STRIP_BINARIES "$file" ;;
+ application/x-pie-executable\;*) # Relocatable binaries
+ strip -v $STRIP_SHARED "$file" ;;
+ esac
+ done < <(find "$builddir" -type f -perm -u+x ! -name vmlinux -print0)
+
+ msg2 "Adding symlink..."
+ mkdir -p "$pkgdir/usr/src"
+ ln -sr "$builddir" "$pkgdir/usr/src/$pkgbase"
+}
+
+pkgname=("${pkgbase}" "${pkgbase}-headers")
+for _p in "${pkgname[@]}"; do
+ eval "package_$_p() {
+ $(declare -f "_package${_p#$pkgbase}")
+ _package${_p#$pkgbase}
+ }"
+done
diff --git a/choose-gcc-optimization.sh b/choose-gcc-optimization.sh
new file mode 100755
index 00000000000..ccf182e9119
--- /dev/null
+++ b/choose-gcc-optimization.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,118 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env bash
+
+. /usr/share/makepkg/util/message.sh
+colorize
+
+Detect_CPU=$(gcc -c -Q -march=native --help=target | grep march | awk '{print $2}' | head -1)
+
+msg "Detected CPU architecture: $Detect_CPU"
+
+cat << EOF
+
+ Available CPU microarchitectures:
+
+ 1) AMD K6/K6-II/K6-III
+ 2) AMD Athlon/Duron/K7
+ 3) AMD Opteron/Athlon64/Hammer/K8
+ 4) AMD Opteron/Athlon64/Hammer/K8 with SSE3
+ 5) AMD 61xx/7x50/PhenomX3/X4/II/K10
+ 6) AMD Family 10h (Barcelona)
+ 7) AMD Family 14h (Bobcat)
+ 8) AMD Family 16h (Jaguar)
+ 9) AMD Family 15h (Bulldozer)
+ 10) AMD Family 15h (Piledriver)
+ 11) AMD Family 15h (Steamroller)
+ 12) AMD Family 15h (Excavator)
+ 13) AMD Family 17h (Zen)
+ 14) AMD Family 17h (Zen 2)
+ 15) Transmeta Crusoe
+ 16) Transmeta Efficeon
+ 17) IDT Winchip C6
+ 18) Winchip-2/Winchip-2A/Winchip-3
+ 19) AMD Elan
+ 20) Geode GX1 (Cyrix MediaGX)
+ 21) AMD Geode GX and LX
+ 22) Cyrix III or C3
+ 23) VIA C3 "Nehemiah"
+ 24) VIA C7
+ 25) Intel Pentium 4, Pentium D and older Nocona/Dempsey Xeon CPUs with Intel 64bit
+ 26) Intel Atom
+ 27) Intel Core 2 and newer Core 2 Xeons (Xeon 51xx and 53xx)
+ 28) Intel 1st Gen Core i3/i5/i7-family (Nehalem)
+ 29) Intel 1.5 Gen Core i3/i5/i7-family (Westmere)
+ 30) Intel Silvermont
+ 31) Intel Goldmont (Apollo Lake and Denverton)
+ 32) Intel Goldmont Plus (Gemini Lake)
+ 33) Intel 2nd Gen Core i3/i5/i7-family (Sandybridge)
+ 34) Intel 3rd Gen Core i3/i5/i7-family (Ivybridge)
+ 35) Intel 4th Gen Core i3/i5/i7-family (Haswell)
+ 36) Intel 5th Gen Core i3/i5/i7-family (Broadwell)
+ 37) Intel 6th Gen Core i3/i5/i7-family (Skylake)
+ 38) Intel 6th Gen Core i7/i9-family (Skylake X)
+ 39) Intel 8th Gen Core i3/i5/i7-family (Cannon Lake)
+ 40) Intel 8th Gen Core i7/i9-family (Ice Lake)
+ 41) Xeon processors in the Cascade Lake family
+
+ 42) Native optimizations autodetected by GCC
+
+ 0) Generic (default)
+
+EOF
+
+sleep 1
+answer=$1
+
+case $answer in
+ 1) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MK6 ;;
+ 2) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MK7 ;;
+ 3) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MK8 ;;
+ 4) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MK8SSE3 ;;
+ 5) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MK10 ;;
+ 6) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MBARCELONA ;;
+ 7) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MBOBCAT ;;
+ 8) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MJAGUAR ;;
+ 9) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MBULLDOZER ;;
+ 10) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MPILEDRIVER ;;
+ 11) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MSTEAMROLLER ;;
+ 12) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MEXCAVATOR ;;
+ 13) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MZEN ;;
+ 14) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MZEN2 ;;
+ 15) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MCRUSOE ;;
+ 16) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MEFFICEON ;;
+ 17) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MWINCHIPC6 ;;
+ 18) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MWINCHIP3D ;;
+ 19) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MELAN ;;
+ 20) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MGEODEGX1 ;;
+ 21) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MGEODE_LX ;;
+ 22) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MCYRIXIII ;;
+ 23) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MVIAC3_2 ;;
+ 24) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MVIAC7 ;;
+ 25) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MPSC ;;
+ 26) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MATOM ;;
+ 27) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MCORE2 ;;
+ 28) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MNEHALEM ;;
+ 29) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MWESTMERE ;;
+ 30) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MSILVERMONT ;;
+ 31) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MGOLDMONT ;;
+ 32) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MGOLDMONTPLUS ;;
+ 33) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MSANDYBRIDGE ;;
+ 34) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MIVYBRIDGE ;;
+ 35) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MHASWELL ;;
+ 36) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MBROADWELL ;;
+ 37) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MSKYLAKE ;;
+ 38) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MSKYLAKEX ;;
+ 39) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MCANNONLAKE ;;
+ 40) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MICELAKE ;;
+ 41) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MCASCADELAKE ;;
+ 42) Microarchitecture=CONFIG_MNATIVE ;;
+ *) default=CONFIG_GENERIC_CPU ;;
+esac
+
+warning "According to PKGBUILD variable _microarchitecture, your choice is $answer"
+msg "Building this package for microarchitecture: $Microarchitecture$default"
+sleep 5
+
+sed -e 's|^CONFIG_GENERIC_CPU=y|# CONFIG_GENERIC_CPU is not set|g' -i .config
+sed -e "s|^# $Microarchitecture is not set|$Microarchitecture=y|g" -i .config
+
+echo